Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
Copenhagen, Denmark. In Clin Genet, Jul 2015
To date five genes [NIPBL (Nipped-B-like protein), SMC1A (structural maintenance of chromosomes 1A), SMC3 (structural maintenance of chromosomes 3), RAD21 (human homolog of Schizosaccharomyces pombe radiation sensitive mutant 21) and HDAC8 (histone deacetylase 8)] have been associated with CdLS and mutations of these genes comprise the underlying defect in 70% of the patients.
HDAC8 mutations in Cornelia de Lange syndrome affect the cohesin acetylation cycle.
Philadelphia, United States. In Nature, 2012
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a dominantly inherited congenital malformation disorder, caused by mutations in the cohesin-loading protein NIPBL for nearly 60% of individuals with classical CdLS, and by mutations in the core cohesin components SMC1A (~5%) and SMC3 (<1%) for a smaller fraction of probands.
[Cornelia de Lange syndrome: report of a case and the review of literature on 17 cases].
Changsha, China. In Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi, 2012
CONCLUSION: Typical clinical manifestations of CdLS are specific facial features (mainly synophrys, long and curved eyelashes, long prominent philtrum), complications of multi-system malformations (mainly growth and developmental retardation, esophagogastric reflex, hypophalangism), related gene mutations occurred in NIPBL, SMC1A, and SMC3 gene.