Caffeine Exposure Alters Cardiac Gene Expression in Embryonic Cardiomyocytes.
United States. In Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 29 Nov 2014
In HL-1 and primary embryonic cardiomyocytes, caffeine treatment for 48 hours significantly altered the expression of cardiac structural genes (Myh6, Myh7, Myh7b, Tnni3), hormonal genes (Anp and BnP), cardiac transcription factors (Gata4, Mef2c, Mef2d, Nfatc1), and microRNAs (miRNAs; miR208a, miR208b, miR499).
Proteomic Analysis of Human Fetal Atria and Ventricle.
In J Proteome Res, 17 Nov 2014
Several previously characterised cardiac chamber-enriched proteins were identified in this study including atrial isoform of myosin light chain 2 (MYL7), atrial natriuretic peptide (NPPA), connexin 40 (GJA5), and peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) for atria, and ventricular isoforms of myosin light chains (MYL2 and MYL3), myosin heavy chain 7 (MYH7), and connexin 43 (GJA1) for ventricle.
Genetic mutations and mechanisms in dilated cardiomyopathy.
Chicago, United States. In J Clin Invest, Feb 2013
Mutations in the genes encoding the thick filament components myosin heavy chain and myosin binding protein C (MYH7 and MYBPC3) together explain 75% of inherited HCMs, leading to the observation that HCM is a disease of the sarcomere.
Myosinopathies: pathology and mechanisms.
Göteborg, Sweden. In Acta Neuropathol, 2013
Myopathies with scapuloperoneal, distal or limb-girdle muscle weakness including entities, such as myosin storage myopathy and Laing distal myopathy are the result of usually dominant mutations in the gene for slow/β cardiac MyHC (MYH7).
Mechanisms of disease: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Kiel, Germany. In Nat Rev Cardiol, 2012
Interestingly, most of these genes encode sarcomeric proteins, such as myosin-7 (also known as cardiac muscle β-myosin heavy chain; MYH7), cardiac myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3), and cardiac muscle troponin T (TNNT2).