Imaging genetics studies on monoaminergic genes in major depressive disorder.
Seoul, South Korea. In Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry, 27 Apr 2015
This paper attempts to provide a comprehensive review of available imaging genetics studies, including reports on genetic variants that have most frequently been linked to MDD, such as the monoaminergic genes (serotonin transporter gene, monoamine oxidase A gene, tryptophan hydroxylase-2 gene, serotonin receptor 1A gene and catechol-O-methyl transferase gene), with regard to key structures involved in emotion processing, such as the hippocampus, amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex and orbitofrontal cortex.
The synthesis and evaluation of sesamol and benzodioxane derivatives as inhibitors of monoamine oxidase.
Potchefstroom, South Africa. In Bioorg Med Chem Lett, 20 Apr 2015
UNASSIGNED: In the present study, series of eight sesamol (1,3-benzodioxol-5-ol) and eight benzodioxane (2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxine) derivatives were synthesised and evaluated as inhibitors of recombinant human monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B. The sesamol and benzodioxane derivatives are structurally related to series of phthalide derivatives, which have previously been found to act as potent reversible MAO inhibitors.
Adjuvant therapies for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.
Philadelphia, United States. In Ann Clin Transl Neurol, Nov 2014
Multiple adjuvant therapies with various mechanisms of action have been studied (N-methyl D-aspartate [NMDA]-receptor antagonists, MAO-B inhibitors, tetracycline-class antibiotics, and others), but none have shown a clear positive effect in HAND.
Biomarkers in the diagnosis of ADHD--promising directions.
Syracuse, United States. In Curr Psychiatry Rep, Nov 2014
Interesting data come from the noradrenergic system (norepinephrine transporter, norepinephrine, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol, monoamine oxidase, neuropeptide Y) for their altered peripheral levels, their association with neuropsychological tasks, symptomatology, drugs effect and brain function.
Pharmacological treatment of Parkinson disease: a review.
Hamilton, Canada. In Jama, May 2014
RESULTS: Although levodopa is the most effective medication available for treating the motor symptoms of Parkinson disease, in certain instances (eg, mild symptoms, tremor as the only or most prominent symptom, aged <60 years) other medications (eg, monoamine oxidase type B inhibitors [MAOBIs], amantadine, anticholinergics, β-blockers, or dopamine agonists) may be initiated first to avoid levodopa-related motor complications.