Matrix metalloproteinases as therapeutic targets for stroke.
Albuquerque, United States. In Brain Res, 14 Nov 2015
Normally the constitutive enzymes, MMP-2 and membrane type MMP (MMP-14), are activated in a spatially specific manner and act close to the site of activation, while the inducible enzymes, MMP-3 and MMP-9, become active through the action of free radicals and other enzymes during neuroinflammation.
Effects of Cytokine Activation and Oxidative Stress on the Function of the Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells.
Tampere, Finland. In Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 01 Nov 2015
Effects on barrier properties were analyzed with transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER), the expression of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, collagen I, and collagen IV genes with quantitative RT-PCR, and the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 proteins with Western blot or ELISA, respectively.
Marek's disease: Genetic regulation of gallid herpesvirus 2 infection and latency.
Namur, Belgium. In Vet J, 30 Sep 2015
kb mRNA, and also modulates expression of cellular genes, such as Bcl-2 and matrix metalloproteinase 3. GaHV-2 expresses viral telomerase RNA subunit (vTR), which forms a complex with the cellular telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), thus contributing to tumorigenesis, while vTR independent of telomerase activity is implicated in metastasis.
Exercise, GLUT4, and skeletal muscle glucose uptake.
Copenhagen, Denmark. In Physiol Rev, 2013
AMPK and CaMKII are key signaling kinases that appear to regulate GLUT4 expression via the HDAC4/5-MEF2 axis and MEF2-GEF interactions resulting in nuclear export of HDAC4/5 in turn leading to histone hyperacetylation on the GLUT4 promoter and increased GLUT4 transcription.