DNA hypermethylation of extracellular matrix-related genes in human periodontal fibroblasts induced by stimulation for a prolonged period with lipopolysaccharide derived from Porphyromonas gingivalis.
Tōbetsu, Japan. In J Periodontal Res, Dec 2015
Among these genes, hypermethylation of nine ECM-related genes, FANK1, COL4A1-A2, 12A1 and 15A1, LAMA5 and B1, MMP25, POMT1 and EMILIN3, induced a significantly downregulated expression of their mRNA.
Matrix Metalloproteinases as Therapeutic Targets for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.
Albuquerque, United States. In Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, Nov 2015
These mechanisms include MMPs: (1) promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMP-3 and MMP-7); (2) increasing lung levels or activity of profibrotic mediators or reducing lung levels of antifibrotic mediators (MMP-3, MMP-7, and MMP-8); (3) promoting abnormal epithelial cell migration and other aberrant repair processes (MMP-3 and MMP-9); (4) inducing the switching of lung macrophage phenotypes from M1 to M2 types (MMP-10 and MMP-28); and (5) promoting fibrocyte migration (MMP-8).