DNA Methylation profiles as predictors of recurrence in non muscle invasive bladder cancer: an MS-MLPA approach.
In J Exp Clin Cancer Res, 19 Dec 2013
We retrospectively evaluated the methylation status of a panel of 23 tumor suppressor genes (TIMP3, APC, CDKN2A, MLH1, ATM, RARB, CDKN2B, HIC1, CHFR, BRCA1, CASP8, CDKN1B, PTEN, BRCA2, CD44, RASSF1, DAPK1, VHL, ESR1, TP73, IGSF4, GSTP1 and CDH13) in primary lesions to obtain information about their role in predicting local recurrence in NMIBC.
Pathways of colorectal carcinogenesis.
Cambridge, United Kingdom. In Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol, Mar 2013
The associated familial cancer susceptibility syndromes are familial adenomatous polyposis coli, due to inherited APC mutations, and Lynch Syndrome or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome, due to inherited mutations in one of the mismatch repair genes (predominantly MLH1 and MSH2).
[A novel genetic disorder of Lynch syndrome - EPCAM gene deletion].
Nishinomiya, Japan. In Gan To Kagaku Ryoho, Feb 2013
Germline mutations of 4 MMR genes, e.g., MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2, had been identified as the cause of this disease, however, a novel mechanism, epigenetic inactivation of MSH2 gene due to hypermethylation of promotor region by the deletion of 3'part of epithelial cell adhesion molecule(EPCAM) gene which is located upstream of the MSH2 gene, has been reported in recent years.
Inherited pancreatic cancer syndromes.
Pittsburgh, United States. In Cancer J, Nov 2012
The most important genes with variants increasing risk for pancreatic cancer include BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, ATM, CDKN2A, APC, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, PRSS1, and STK11.
Comprehensive molecular characterization of human colon and rectal cancer.
In Nature, Aug 2012
In total, 16% of colorectal carcinomas were found to be hypermutated: three-quarters of these had the expected high microsatellite instability, usually with hypermethylation and MLH1 silencing, and one-quarter had somatic mismatch-repair gene and polymerase ε (POLE) mutations.