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proteins. Page last changed on 11 Apr 2015.
Dual specificity phosphatase 1
MKP-1, VH1, VHI, MAP kinase phosphatase-1, DUSP1
The expression of DUSP1 gene is induced in human skin fibroblasts by oxidative/heat stress and growth factors. It specifies a protein with structural features similar to members of the non-receptor-type protein-tyrosine phosphatase family, and which has significant amino-acid sequence similarity to a Tyr/Ser-protein phosphatase encoded by the late gene H1 of vaccinia virus. The bacterially expressed and purified DUSP1 protein has intrinsic phosphatase activity, and specifically inactivates mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in vitro by the concomitant dephosphorylation of both its phosphothreonine and phosphotyrosine residues. Furthermore, it suppresses the activation of MAP kinase by oncogenic ras in extracts of Xenopus oocytes. Thus, DUSP1 may play an important role in the human cellular response to environmental stress as well as in the negative regulation of cellular proliferation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Xie et al., Paris, France. In Diabetes, 09 May 2015
Mechanistically, we found that AMPK activation increased, whereas AMPK inhibition decreased, the levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1), an inducible nuclear phosphatase, by regulating proteasome-dependent degradation of MKP-1.
Stärkel et al., Brussels, Belgium. In Eur J Clin Invest, 01 May 2015
Down-regulation of several Ras/MAPK pathway inhibitors like GAPs, RASSF proteins, DUSP1, Sprouty and Spred proteins is largely implicated in the aberrant activation of this pathway in the context of wild-type Ras and Raf genes.
Zou et al., Oklahoma City, United States. In Nat Med, 30 Apr 2015
Here we show that nicotine, a major constituent of cigarette smoke, selectively activates AMP-activated protein kinase α2 (AMPKα2) in adipocytes, which in turn phosphorylates MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP1) at serine 334, initiating its proteasome-dependent degradation.
Jou et al., Suwŏn, South Korea. In Biochim Biophys Acta, 21 Apr 2015
UNASSIGNED: In the present study, we demonstrate a mechanism through which 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) induces MKP-1 expression in rat primary astrocytes, leading to the regulation of inflammatory responses.
Lanzavecchia et al., Bellinzona, Switzerland. In Nature, Jan 2015
Most of these antibodies use the heavy-chain variable region VH1-69 gene, and structural data demonstrate that they bind to the haemagglutinin stem through conserved heavy-chain complementarity determining region (HCDR) residues.
Järvelä et al., Helsinki, Finland. In Sci Rep, Dec 2014
Particularly, candidate genes such as SNCA, FOS and DUSP1 that are involved in song perception and production in songbirds, were identified, suggesting an evolutionary conservation in biological processes related to sound perception/production.
MKP-1, a prototypical member of the MKP family that can influence outcomes of autoimmune diseases and reduce the inflammatory cytokines by dephosphorylation of p38 and JNK MAPK, plays a critical role in the expression of inflammatory mediators at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels.
Naratriptan, a serotonin 1B/1D (5-hydroxytryptamine 1B/1D, or 5-HT1B/1D) receptor agonist, decreased CGRP1 expression via the induction of dual-specificity protein phosphatase 1 (DUSP1), attenuated JNK activity and mitigated pathogenic AR-mediated neuronal damage in cellular and mouse SBMA models.