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Dual specificity phosphatase 1
MKP-1, VH1, VHI, MAP kinase phosphatase-1, DUSP1
The expression of DUSP1 gene is induced in human skin fibroblasts by oxidative/heat stress and growth factors. It specifies a protein with structural features similar to members of the non-receptor-type protein-tyrosine phosphatase family, and which has significant amino-acid sequence similarity to a Tyr/Ser-protein phosphatase encoded by the late gene H1 of vaccinia virus. The bacterially expressed and purified DUSP1 protein has intrinsic phosphatase activity, and specifically inactivates mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in vitro by the concomitant dephosphorylation of both its phosphothreonine and phosphotyrosine residues. Furthermore, it suppresses the activation of MAP kinase by oncogenic ras in extracts of Xenopus oocytes. Thus, DUSP1 may play an important role in the human cellular response to environmental stress as well as in the negative regulation of cellular proliferation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Li et al., Guangzhou, China. In Orl J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec, 20 Dec 2014
Moreover, the expression of occludin in polyp-derived epithelial cells (PECs) and human bronchial epithelial cells (BECs) was examined using Western blot analysis in the presence of corticosteroid and/or MKP-1 siRNA, respectively.
Sandur et al., Mumbai, India. In Cancer Lett, 18 Dec 2014
Exposure of lymphoma cells to plumbagin led to inhibition of total and specific phosphatase activity, increased total protein S-glutathionylation and induced glutathionylation of dual specific phosphatase- 1 and 4 (MKP-1 and MKP-2).
Lanzavecchia et al., Bellinzona, Switzerland. In Nature, 05 Nov 2014
Most of these antibodies use the heavy-chain variable region VH1-69 gene, and structural data demonstrate that they bind to the haemagglutinin stem through conserved heavy-chain complementarity determining region (HCDR) residues.
MKP-1, a prototypical member of the MKP family that can influence outcomes of autoimmune diseases and reduce the inflammatory cytokines by dephosphorylation of p38 and JNK MAPK, plays a critical role in the expression of inflammatory mediators at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels.
Naratriptan, a serotonin 1B/1D (5-hydroxytryptamine 1B/1D, or 5-HT1B/1D) receptor agonist, decreased CGRP1 expression via the induction of dual-specificity protein phosphatase 1 (DUSP1), attenuated JNK activity and mitigated pathogenic AR-mediated neuronal damage in cellular and mouse SBMA models.
Celada et al., Barcelona, Spain. In Eur J Immunol, 2012
The length of phosphorylation is controlled by the MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1), a nuclear-localized dual-specificity phosphatase that dephosphorylates the MAPKs ERK, p38, and c-Jun NH(2) -terminal kinase (JNK).