AMPK is critical for mitochondrial function during reperfusion after myocardial ischemia.
New Haven, United States. In J Mol Cell Cardiol, Jan 2016
Mitochondria isolated from KD hearts during reperfusion had intact membrane integrity, but demonstrated reduced oxidative capacity, increased hydrogen peroxide production and decreased resistance to mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening compared to WT. KD hearts showed increased activation of the mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MKK4) and downstream c-Jun terminal kinase (JNK) and greater necrosis during reperfusion after coronary occlusion.
Role of ion transport in control of apoptotic cell death.
Tübingen, Germany. In Compr Physiol, 2012
Signaling involved in the modification of cell-volume regulatory ion transport during apoptosis include mitogen-activated kinases p38, JNK, ERK1/2, MEKK1, MKK4, the small G proteins Cdc42, and/or Rac and the transcription factor p53. Osmosensing involves integrin receptors, focal adhesion kinases, and tyrosine kinase receptors.