Treatment Considerations for MGMT-Unmethylated Glioblastoma.
San Francisco, United States. In Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep, 31 Jan 2015
Temozolomide, the most widely used alkylating agent in glioblastoma, is cytotoxic to cells by inducing DNA damage but can be rapidly repaired by the protein O (6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT).
MGMT promoter methylation in non-neoplastic brain.
Taipei, Taiwan. In J Neurooncol, 13 Dec 2014
UNLABELLED: O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) is mainly regulated by cytosine-guanine island promoter methylation that is believed to occur only in neoplastic tissue.
Programmed death ligand 1 expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in glioblastoma.
Vienna, Austria. In Neuro Oncol, 29 Nov 2014
METHODS: We performed immunohistochemistry for CD3, CD8, CD20, HLA-DR, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), PD-1, and PD-L1 and pyrosequencing for assessment of the O6-methylguanine-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status in 135 glioblastoma specimens (117 initial resection, 18 first local recurrence).
Multidisciplinary management of adult low grade gliomas.
In Chirurgia (bucur), Sep 2014
ABBREVIATIONS: LGG: low grade gliomas, WHO: World Health Organization, OS: overall survival, PFS: progression-free survival, MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging, MRS: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, MPFS: malignant progression-free survival, rCBV: Relative Cerebral Blood Volume, QOL: quality of life, FLAIR: Fluid attenuated inversion recovery, MGMT: O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase enzyme, DSC MR imaging: Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Perfusion MR imaging, 1H-MRS: Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, IDH1: isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 gene, SPECT: Single-photon emission computed tomography, PET: Positron emission tomography, DTI-FT: Diffuse Tensor Imaging-fiber tracking technique, DES: direct electrical stimulation, EEG: Electroencephalography, EcoG: Electrocorticography, MEP: motor evoked potentials, EMG: Electromyography, AED: anti-epileptic drugs, TMZ: Temozolomide, EORTC: European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, NCCTG: North Central Cancer Treatment Group, RTOG: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, ECOG: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, EOR: extent of resection, Gy: Gray (unit), GyE: gray equivalent, RT: radiation therapy, IMRT: image-guided intensity modulated radiotherapy, FSRT: fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy, SRS: proton therapy or stereotactic radiosurgery, LET: high-linear energy transfer beams, RBE: relative biological effectiveness, CTCAE: Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, PCV: procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine chemotherapy.
Molecular biology of high-grade gliomas: what should the clinician know?
Zürich, Switzerland. In Ai Zheng, Jan 2014
Recent practice-changing clinical trials have defined a role for routine assessment of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation in glioblastoma patients, especially in the elderly, and 1p and 19q codeletions in patients with anaplastic glial tumors.
Case comparison and literature review of glioblastoma: A tale of two tumors.
Portland, United States. In Surg Neurol Int, Dec 2013
The following markers were assessed: O (6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) methylation, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 and 2 status, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) status, Ki-67, p53, and 1p/19q status.
The somatic genomic landscape of glioblastoma.
New York City, United States. In Cell, Nov 2013
Correlative analyses confirm that the survival advantage of the proneural subtype is conferred by the G-CIMP phenotype, and MGMT DNA methylation may be a predictive biomarker for treatment response only in classical subtype GBM.
Intrinsic molecular subtypes of glioma are prognostic and predict benefit from adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine chemotherapy in combination with other prognostic factors in anaplastic oligodendroglial brain tumors: a report from EORTC study 26951.
Rotterdam, Netherlands. In J Clin Oncol, Feb 2013
They are prognostic for PFS independent of clinical (age, performance status, and tumor location), molecular (1p/19q loss of heterozygosity [LOH], IDH1 mutation, and MGMT methylation), and histologic parameters.