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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 30 Jun 2015.

O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase

Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase, MGMT, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase
This gene is expressed only in the liver and the encoded protein is localized mostly in the peroxisomes, where it is involved in glyoxylate detoxification. Mutations in this gene, some of which alter subcellular targetting, have been associated with type I primary hyperoxaluria. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: HAD, AGE, CAN, p53, POLYMERASE
Papers on Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase
Molecular profiling of gliomas: potential therapeutic implications.
New
Kesari et al., Paris, France. In Expert Rev Anticancer Ther, 28 Jul 2015
Although consensus to assess MGMT promoter methylation is not reached yet, it may be useful in predicting resistance to temozolomide in elderly patients.
Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes: link with biomarkers of the CBMN cytome assay in hospital workers chronically exposed to low doses of ionising radiation / Polimorfizmi u genima za popravak DNA: poveznica s biomarkerima mikronukleus-testa u medicinskih radnika kronično izloženih niskim dozama ionizirajućeg zračenja.
New
Angelini et al., In Arh Hig Rada Toksikol, 01 Jul 2015
We examined the association between DNA damage, expressed as micronuclei (MNi), nuclear buds (NBs), and nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms in selected DNA repair genes (APE1, hOGG1, XRCC1, XRCC3, XPD, PARP1, MGMT genes; representative of the different DNA repair pathways operating in mammals) in 77 hospital workers chronically exposed to low doses of IR, and 70 matched controls.
Glioblastoma Multiforme: Pathogenesis and Treatment.
Review
New
Trafalis et al., Athens, Greece. In Pharmacol Ther, 02 Jun 2015
Lately, efforts have been made to investigate tumor resistance, which results from complex alternate signaling pathways, the existence of glioma stem-cells, the influence of the blood-brain barrier as well as the expression of 0(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase.
The role of temozolomide in the treatment of aggressive pituitary tumors.
Review
New
Eloy et al., Newark, United States. In J Clin Neurosci, Apr 2015
In this article, the authors review the development of temozolomide, its biochemistry and interaction with O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), its role in adjuvant treatment of aggressive pituitary neoplasms, and future works that could influence the efficacy of temozolomide therapy.
Role of MGMT as biomarker in colorectal cancer.
Review
New
Pietrantonio et al., Verona, Italy. In World J Clin Cases, Jan 2015
O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter methylation plays an important role in colorectal carcinogenesis, occurring in about 30%-40% of metastatic colorectal cancer.
Temozolomide Therapy for Aggressive Pituitary Tumors: Results in a Small Series of Patients from Argentina.
New
Gómez et al., Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Int J Endocrinol, Dec 2014
In all the patients tested O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) immunoexpression in surgical specimens was absent.
An overview of neuro-oncology research and practice in Iran, three years with the NOSC initiative.
New
Nafarieh et al., Tehrān, Iran. In Int J Clin Exp Med, Dec 2014
By virtue of recent insights on molecular characterization of brain tumors such as codeletion of chromosomes 1p and 19q in anaplastic gliomas and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation in glioblastoma, a range of translational research is being followed within NOSC.
Glioma biology and molecular markers.
Review
New
Colman et al., Salt Lake City, United States. In Cancer Treat Res, Dec 2014
Prognostic markers in diffuse gliomas include IDH mutation, 1p/19q codeletion, and MGMT methylation, and MGMT is also a predictive marker in elderly patients with glioblastoma treated with temozolomide monotherapy.
Aberrant methylation patterns in cancer: a clinical view.
Review
New
Hudler et al., Ljubljana, Slovenia. In Biochem Med (zagreb), Dec 2014
Even more, promoter methylation patterns of some genes, such as MGMT, SHOX2, and SEPT9, have already been translated into commercial clinical assays aiding in patient assessment as adjunct diagnostic tools.
The Synergistic Effect of Combination Progesterone and Temozolomide on Human Glioblastoma Cells.
New
Stein et al., Atlanta, United States. In Plos One, Dec 2014
PROG alone and in combination with TMZ suppressed the EGFR/PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and MGMT expression in U87MG cells, thus suppressing cell proliferation.
Cilengitide combined with standard treatment for patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma with methylated MGMT promoter (CENTRIC EORTC 26071-22072 study): a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.
New
Impact
CENTRIC study team et al., Zürich, Switzerland. In Lancet Oncol, Sep 2014
Data from phase 2 trials suggest that it has antitumour activity as a single agent in recurrent glioblastoma and in combination with standard temozolomide chemoradiotherapy in newly diagnosed glioblastoma (particularly in tumours with methylated MGMT promoter).
Dose-dense temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma: a randomized phase III clinical trial.
Impact
Mehta et al., Houston, United States. In J Clin Oncol, 2013
O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) methylation status may be an important determinant of treatment response.
The somatic genomic landscape of glioblastoma.
Impact
TCGA Research Network et al., New York City, United States. In Cell, 2013
Correlative analyses confirm that the survival advantage of the proneural subtype is conferred by the G-CIMP phenotype, and MGMT DNA methylation may be a predictive biomarker for treatment response only in classical subtype GBM.
Adenovirus-mediated gene therapy with sitimagene ceradenovec followed by intravenous ganciclovir for patients with operable high-grade glioma (ASPECT): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.
Impact
ASPECT Study Group et al., Hamburg, Germany. In Lancet Oncol, 2013
In a subgroup of patients with non-methylated MGMT, the HR was 1·72 (95% CI 1·15-2·56; p=0·008).
Intrinsic molecular subtypes of glioma are prognostic and predict benefit from adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine chemotherapy in combination with other prognostic factors in anaplastic oligodendroglial brain tumors: a report from EORTC study 26951.
Impact
French et al., Rotterdam, Netherlands. In J Clin Oncol, 2013
They are prognostic for PFS independent of clinical (age, performance status, and tumor location), molecular (1p/19q loss of heterozygosity [LOH], IDH1 mutation, and MGMT methylation), and histologic parameters.
Uncoupling of eNOS causes superoxide anion production and impairs NO signaling in the cerebral microvessels of hph-1 mice.
GeneRIF
Katusic et al., Rochester, United States. In J Neurochem, 2012
Reduced tetrahydrobiopterin bioavailability causes endothelial NOS uncoupling, increases superoxide anion production, inhibits eNOS/cGMP signaling, and imposes significant oxidative stress in the cerebral microvasculature.
Angiotensin-II and MARCKS: a hydrogen peroxide- and RAC1-dependent signaling pathway in vascular endothelium.
GeneRIF
Michel et al., Boston, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2012
a critical role for H(2)O(2) in angiotensin-II signaling to the endothelial cytoskeleton in a novel pathway that is critically dependent on MARCKS, Rac1, and c-Abl.
The prolyl hydroxylase PHD3 identifies proinflammatory macrophages and its expression is regulated by activin A.
GeneRIF
Corbí et al., Madrid, Spain. In J Immunol, 2012
These results indicate that EGLN3 gene expression in macrophages is dependent on activin A
Loss of the oxygen sensor PHD3 enhances the innate immune response to abdominal sepsis.
GeneRIF
Schneider et al., Heidelberg, Germany. In J Immunol, 2012
It is concluded that impairment of PHD3 enzyme function aggravates the clinical course of abdominal sepsis
PHD3-dependent hydroxylation of HCLK2 promotes the DNA damage response.
GeneRIF
Patterson et al., Chapel Hill, United States. In J Clin Invest, 2012
mice lacking PHD3 were resistant to the effects of ionizing radiation and had decreased thymic apoptosis, a biomarker of genomic integrity
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