Molecular analysis of diffuse intrinsic brainstem gliomas in adults.
Paris, France. In J Neurooncol, 17 Dec 2013
We analyzed 17 DIBG samples for IDH1 R132H, alpha internexin, p53, and Ki67 expression, and, in a subset with sufficient DNA amount, for IDH1 and histone H3 mutational status, genomic profiling and MGMT promoter methylation status.
The somatic genomic landscape of glioblastoma.
New York City, United States. In Cell, 10 Nov 2013
Correlative analyses confirm that the survival advantage of the proneural subtype is conferred by the G-CIMP phenotype, and MGMT DNA methylation may be a predictive biomarker for treatment response only in classical subtype GBM.
Pseudoprogression after glioma therapy: a comprehensive review.
Madison, United States. In Expert Rev Neurother, Apr 2013
The authors have summarized the literature relative to the incidence, chronological sequence, therapy-relatedness, impact of O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase methylation status and clinical features of pseudoprogression.
Intrinsic molecular subtypes of glioma are prognostic and predict benefit from adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine chemotherapy in combination with other prognostic factors in anaplastic oligodendroglial brain tumors: a report from EORTC study 26951.
Rotterdam, Netherlands. In J Clin Oncol, Feb 2013
They are prognostic for PFS independent of clinical (age, performance status, and tumor location), molecular (1p/19q loss of heterozygosity [LOH], IDH1 mutation, and MGMT methylation), and histologic parameters.
Personalized treatment strategies in glioblastoma: MGMT promoter methylation status.
München, Germany. In Onco Targets Ther, Dec 2012
In glioblastoma, the most malignant intrinsic brain tumor entity in adults, the promoter methylation status of the gene encoding for the repair enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) indicates increased efficacy of current standard of care, which is concomitant and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy with the alkylating agent temozolomide.
DNA methylation in cancer: a gene silencing mechanism and the clinical potential of its biomarkers.
Sendai, Japan. In Tohoku J Exp Med, Dec 2012
We also summarize the current status of clinical implementation for some of the most widely studied and well-validated DNA methylation biomarkers, including tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2), septin 9 (SEPT9), glutathione S-transferase pi 1 (GSTP1), and O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), and assess the clinical potential of these biomarkers for risk assessment, early diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and the prevention of cancer.