Moderate alterations of the cytoskeleton in human chondrocytes after short-term microgravity produced by parabolic flight maneuvers could be prevented by up-regulation of BMP-2 and SOX-9.
Magdeburg, Germany. In Faseb J, Jun 2015
The mRNAs were significantly up-regulated as follows: TUBB, 2-fold; VIM, 1.3-fold; KRT8, 1.8-fold; ACTB, 1.9-fold; ICAM1, 4.8-fold; OPN, 7-fold; ITGA10, 1.5-fold; ITGB1, 1.2-fold; TGFB1, 1.5-fold; CAV1, 2.6-fold; SOX9, 1.7-fold; BMP-2, 5.3-fold.
[Screening of citrullinated proteins in ten tumor cell lines].
Jinan, China. In Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi, Mar 2015
RESULTS: 2-D WB and mass spectrometry identified citrullinated ENO1 (α-enolase), HSP60 (heat shock protein 60), KRT8 (keratin 8), TUBB (tubulin beta), TCRβ (T cell receptor β chain), VIME (vimentin) and PDI in these cell lines.
Mutations in α- and β-tubulin encoding genes: implications in brain malformations.
Lecco, Italy. In Brain Dev, Mar 2015
Different mutations in α/β-tubulin genes (TUBA1A, TUBA8, TUBB2A, TUBB4A, TUBB2B, TUBB3, and TUBB) might alter the dynamic properties and functions of microtubules in several ways, effecting a reduction in the number of functional tubulin heterodimers and causing alterations in GTP binding and disruptions of the binding of other proteins to microtubules (motor proteins and other microtubule interacting proteins).
Functional relevance for multiple sclerosis-associated genetic variants.
Suzhou, China. In Immunogenetics, 2015
Among the 45 SNPs, 15 were predicted most likely located in transcription factor (TF) binding sites, and five predicted SNPs (rs3095329 of TUBB, rs9469220/rs2647046 of HLA-DQB1, rs11154801 of AHI1, and rs1062158 of NDFIP1) have corresponding target genes with significantly differential expressions in multiple cell groups, while rs7194 of HLA-DRA was predicted in the has-miR-6507-3p binding site.
Mechanisms of three-dimensional growth of thyroid cells during long-term simulated microgravity.
Magdeburg, Germany. In Sci Rep, 2014
In order to explain the different behaviour, we analyzed the gene expression of IL6, IL7, IL8, IL17, OPN, NGAL, VEGFA and enzymes associated cytoskeletal or membrane proteins (ACTB, TUBB, PFN1, CPNE1, TGM2, CD44, FLT1, FLK1, PKB, PKC, ERK1/2, Casp9, Col1A1) as well as the amount of secreted proteins (IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-17, OPN, NGAL, VEGFA).
Selection of reference genes as internal controls for gene expression in tissues of red abalone Haliotis rufescens (Mollusca, Vetigastropoda; Swainson, 1822).
Ensenada, Mexico. In Gene, 2014
Stability of nine housekeeping genes (ACTB, BGLU, TUBB, CY, GAPDH, HPRTI, RPL5, SDHA and UBC) was evaluated in different tissues of red abalone (gill, head and gonad/digestive gland).