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proteins. Page last changed on 24 Oct 2014.
Potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 2
The M channel is a slowly activating and deactivating potassium channel that plays a critical role in the regulation of neuronal excitability. The M channel is formed by the association of the protein encoded by this gene and a related protein encoded by the KCNQ3 gene, both integral membrane proteins. M channel currents are inhibited by M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and activated by retigabine, a novel anti-convulsant drug. Defects in this gene are a cause of benign familial neonatal convulsions type 1 (BFNC), also known as epilepsy, benign neonatal type 1 (EBN1). At least five transcript variants encoding five different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Chahine et al., Québec, Canada. In Front Pharmacol, Dec 2013
For example, gating pores in Nav1.5 and Kv7.2 channels may underlie mixed arrhythmias associated with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) phenotypes and peripheral nerve hyperexcitability (PNH), respectively.
DeRossett et al., Fort Smith, United States. In Epilepsia, 2012
Retigabine (RTG; international nonproprietary name)/ezogabine (EZG; North American adopted name), a first-in-class antiepileptic drug (AED) that reduces neuronal excitability primarily by enhancing the activity of KCNQ2/3 (K(v)7.2/7.3)
Lotan et al., Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. In J Neurosci, 2011
The existence of constitutive interactions between the N and C termini in homomeric KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 channels has been determined in living cells by means of optical, biochemical, electrophysiological, and molecular biology analyses.
Potassium channels are important regulators of electrical signalling, and benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), an autosomal dominant epilepsy of infancy, is caused by mutations in the KCNQ2 or the KCNQ3 potassium channel genes.