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Potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 2

KCNQ2, Kv7.2
The M channel is a slowly activating and deactivating potassium channel that plays a critical role in the regulation of neuronal excitability. The M channel is formed by the association of the protein encoded by this gene and a related protein encoded by the KCNQ3 gene, both integral membrane proteins. M channel currents are inhibited by M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and activated by retigabine, a novel anti-convulsant drug. Defects in this gene are a cause of benign familial neonatal convulsions type 1 (BFNC), also known as epilepsy, benign neonatal type 1 (EBN1). At least five transcript variants encoding five different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: CAN, HAD, KCNQ1, KCNQ4, ACID
Papers using KCNQ2 antibodies
Direct interaction of myosin regulatory light chain with the NMDA receptor.
Amédée Thierry, In PLoS ONE, 2004
... The primary antibodies used were KCNQ2-C terminus, KCNQ3-C terminus (Alomone Labs, Jerusalem, Israel) and monoclonal ...
Papers on KCNQ2
Seizures Due to a KCNQ2 Mutation: Treatment with Vitamin B6.
Clayton et al., London, United Kingdom. In Jimd Rep, 08 Nov 2015
Whole-exome sequencing was used to identify a de novo mutation (c.629G>A; p.Arg210His) in KCNQ2 in a 7-year-old patient whose neonatal seizures showed a response to pyridoxine and who had a high plasma to CSF pyridoxal 5'-phosphate ratio, usually indicative of an inborn error of vitamin B6 metabolism.
Activation of m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor induces surface transport of KCNQ channel via CRMP-2 mediated pathway.
Hoshi et al., Irvine, United States. In J Cell Sci, 07 Nov 2015
This receptor-induced surface transport was observed with KCNQ2 as well as KCNQ3 homomeric channels, but not with Kv3.1 channels.
Uncoupling PIP2-calmodulin regulation of Kv7.2 channels by an assembly de-stabilizing epileptogenic mutation.
Villarroel et al., Leioa, Spain. In J Cell Sci, 10 Oct 2015
Our data reveal that regulation by phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) and stabilization of assembled Kv7.2 subunits by intracellular coiled-coil regions far from the membrane are coupled molecular processes.
Genetics of pediatric epilepsy.
Mikati et al., Durham, United States. In Pediatr Clin North Am, Jun 2015
Examples of that include the need to avoid specific drugs in Dravet syndrome and the ongoing investigations of the potential use of new directed therapies such as retigabine in KCNQ2-related epilepsies, quinidine in KCNT1-related epilepsies, and memantine in GRIN2A-related epilepsies.
Eslicarbazepine acetate for the treatment of focal epilepsy: an update on its proposed mechanisms of action.
Wright et al., São Mamede de Infesta, Portugal. In Pharmacol Res Perspect, Mar 2015
These preclinical findings may suggest the potential for antiepileptogenic effects; furthermore, the lack of effect upon KV7.2 outward currents may translate into a reduced potential for eslicarbazepine to facilitate repetitive firing.
Atomic basis for therapeutic activation of neuronal potassium channels.
Kurata et al., Iowa City, United States. In Nat Commun, Dec 2014
Retigabine is a recently approved anticonvulsant that acts by potentiating neuronal M-current generated by KCNQ2-5 channels, interacting with a conserved Trp residue in the channel pore domain.
Noise-induced plasticity of KCNQ2/3 and HCN channels underlies vulnerability and resilience to tinnitus.
Tzounopoulos et al., Pittsburgh, United States. In Elife, Dec 2014
This hyperactivity is caused, at least in part, by decreased Kv7.2/3 (KCNQ2/3) potassium currents.
Celecoxib and ion channels: a story of unexpected discoveries.
Singh et al., Oulu, Finland. In Eur J Pharmacol, Jun 2014
In experimental systems varying from Drosophila to primary mammalian and human cell lines, celecoxib inhibits many voltage-activated Na(+), Ca(2+), and K(+) channels, including NaV1.5, L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels, KV1.5, KV2.1, KV4.3, KV7.1, KV11.1 (hERG), while stimulating other K(+) channels-KV7.2-5
Potassium channel genes and benign familial neonatal epilepsy.
Lerche et al., Tübingen, Germany. In Prog Brain Res, 2013
Among them, KCNQ2 and KCNQ3, coding for KV7.2 and KV7.3 voltage-gated potassium channels, present an example how genetic dissection of an epileptic disorder can lead not only to a better understanding of disease mechanisms but also broaden our knowledge about the physiological function of the affected proteins and enable novel approaches in the antiepileptic therapy design.
Biophysics, pathophysiology, and pharmacology of ion channel gating pores.
Chahine et al., Québec, Canada. In Front Pharmacol, 2013
For example, gating pores in Nav1.5 and Kv7.2 channels may underlie mixed arrhythmias associated with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) phenotypes and peripheral nerve hyperexcitability (PNH), respectively.
Neonatal seizures associated with a severe neonatal myoclonus like dyskinesia due to a familial KCNQ2 gene mutation.
Lerman-Sagie et al., Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. In Eur J Paediatr Neurol, 2012
KCNQ2 mutations can present with a neonatal onset multifocal myoclonus-like dyskinesia
The Kv7.2/Kv7.3 heterotetramer assembles with a random subunit arrangement.
Edwardson et al., Cambridge, United Kingdom. In J Biol Chem, 2012
the Kv7.2-Kv7.3 heteromer assembles as a tetramer with a predominantly 2:2 subunit stoichiometry and with a random subunit arrangement.
KCNQ2 encephalopathy: emerging phenotype of a neonatal epileptic encephalopathy.
de Jonghe et al., Antwerp, Belgium. In Ann Neurol, 2012
KCNQ2 mutations are found in a substantial proportion of patients with neonatal epileptic encephalopathy with a potentially recognizable electroclinical and radiological phenotype.
Regulation of neuronal M-channel gating in an isoform-specific manner: functional interplay between calmodulin and syntaxin 1A.
Lotan et al., Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. In J Neurosci, 2011
The existence of constitutive interactions between the N and C termini in homomeric KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 channels has been determined in living cells by means of optical, biochemical, electrophysiological, and molecular biology analyses.
Kv7 channels can function without constitutive calmodulin tethering.
Villarroel et al., Leioa, Spain. In Plos One, 2010
constitutive tethering of calmodulin is not required for Kv7 channel function
Moderate loss of function of cyclic-AMP-modulated KCNQ2/KCNQ3 K+ channels causes epilepsy.
Jentsch et al., Hamburg, Germany. In Nature, 1999
Potassium channels are important regulators of electrical signalling, and benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), an autosomal dominant epilepsy of infancy, is caused by mutations in the KCNQ2 or the KCNQ3 potassium channel genes.
KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 potassium channel subunits: molecular correlates of the M-channel.
McKinnon et al., Stony Brook, United States. In Science, 1999
The biophysical properties, sensitivity to pharmacological blockade, and expression pattern of the KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 potassium channels were determined.
A potassium channel mutation in neonatal human epilepsy.
Steinlein et al., Bonn, Germany. In Science, 1998
In a large pedigree with BFNC, a five-base pair insertion would delete more than 300 amino acids from the KCNQ2 carboxyl terminus.
A novel potassium channel gene, KCNQ2, is mutated in an inherited epilepsy of newborns.
Leppert et al., Salt Lake City, United States. In Nat Genet, 1998
Five other BFNC probands were shown to have KCNQ2 mutations, including two transmembrane missense mutations, two frameshifts and one splice-site mutation.
A pore mutation in a novel KQT-like potassium channel gene in an idiopathic epilepsy family.
Leppert et al., Salt Lake City, United States. In Nat Genet, 1998
By positional cloning, we recently identified the gene for EBN1 as KCNQ2 (ref.
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