[Pathophysiological aspects of K+: Cl- cotransporters].
Nueva San Salvador, El Salvador. In Rev Invest Clin, 2014
Among them are two loop diuretics-sensitive Na+:K+:2Clcotransporters (NKCC1/NKCC2), the thiazide-sensitive Na+:Cl- cotransporter (NCC), and finally the K+:Cl- cotransporters (KCC), encoded for at least four homologous genes (KCC1-KCC4), and from which there are many isoforms due to alternative splicing.
Molecular evidence for a role for K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters in the kidney.
Mexico. In Am J Physiol Renal Physiol, 2013
K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (KCC) isoforms 3 (KCC3) and 4 (KCC4) are expressed at the basolateral membrane of proximal convoluted tubule cells, and KCC4 is present in the basolateral membrane of the thick ascending loop of Henle's limb and α-intercalated cells of the collecting duct.
K+-Cl- cotransporter-2 KCC2 in chicken cardiomyocytes.
Davis, United States. In Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 2013
In silico analysis showed that while exon 22 of KCC2 is unique to this isoform in therian mammals, it is retained in KCC2's closest paralog, KCC4, of lower vertebrates, including chicken.
WNK3 is a putative chloride-sensing kinase.
Mexico. In Cell Physiol Biochem, 2010
Using the Xenopus laevis oocyte heterologous expression system, it has been shown that WNK3 activates the Na(+)-coupled chloride cotransporters NKCC1, NKCC2, and NCC and inhibits the K(+)-coupled chloride cotransporters KCC1 through KCC4.
Functional significance of channels and transporters expressed in the inner ear and kidney.
Tübingen, Germany. In Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 2007
Defective connexins (GJB2 and GJB6), pendrin (SLC26A4), K(+) channels (KCNJ10, KCNQ1, KCNE1, and KCNMA1), Na(+)-2Cl(-)-K(+) cotransporter (SLC12A2), K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporters (KCC3 and KCC4), Cl(-) channels (BSND and CLCNKA + CLCNKB), and H(+)-ATPase (ATP6V1B1 and ATPV0A4) cause hearing loss.