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Interleukin 2

Interleukin-2, IL-2
The protein encoded by this gene is a secreted cytokine that is important for the proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. The receptor of this cytokine is a heterotrimeric protein complex whose gamma chain is also shared by interleukin 4 (IL4) and interleukin 7 (IL7). The expression of this gene in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling the precise expression of a single gene. The targeted disruption of a similar gene in mice leads to ulcerative colitis-like disease, which suggests an essential role of this gene in the immune response to antigenic stimuli. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: IL-10, Interleukin-6, CAN, IL-4, CD4
Papers using Interleukin-2 antibodies
Protein-protein interaction inhibitors get into the groove
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Kanellopoulos Jean, In PLoS ONE, 2011
... Anti IL-2: MQ1-17H2 (capture reagent, Biolegend), poly5111 (probe reagent, Biolegend); ...
The cellular level of TRIM31, an RBCC protein overexpressed in gastric cancer, is regulated by multiple mechanisms including the ubiquitin-proteasome system
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Kloetzel Peter-Michael et al., In Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2010
... Unless specified, all recombinant cytokines used in this study (IL-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ) were purchased from Miltenyi Biotec.
Abnormal CTLA-4 function in T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
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Takeuchi Tsutomu et al., In Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, 2009
... Antibodies against CD3 (HIT3a), IL-2 (MQ1-17H12 and B33-2), and IFN-γ (B27 and 4S.B3) were purchased from BD Biosciences Pharmingen (San Diego, USA.) ...
Systematic and integrative analysis of large gene lists using DAVID bioinformatics resources
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Hill Adrian VS et al., In Molecular Therapy, 2008
(BD), anti-IFN-γ APC (clone XMG1.2), anti-IL-2 PE-Cy7 (clone JES6-5H4), anti-TNF-α FITC (Clone MP6-XT22), all from eBioscience).
Eicosapentaenoic acid inhibits interleukin-6 production in interleukin-1beta-stimulated C6 glioma cells through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma
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Fatehi F et al., In Iranian Journal of Public Health, 2007
... ).IL-2 and TNF-α ELISA kits were obtained from Bender Medsystems GmbH (Vienna, Austria) ...
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Papers on Interleukin-2
Filaggrin silencing by shRNA directly impairs the skin barrier function of normal human epidermal keratinocytes and then induces an immune response.
New
Ma et al., Jinan, China. In Braz J Med Biol Res, 31 Jan 2015
Filaggrin silencing also resulted in significant increases of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and significant decreases of IL-12p70 and IFN-γ (P<0.01)
Immunologically augmented skin flap as a novel dendritic cell vaccine against head and neck cancer in a rat model.
New
Akiyama et al., Shizuoka, Japan. In Cancer Sci, 10 Jan 2015
Although the induction of CTL activity in spleen cells was marginal, Th1 cytokines such as IL-2 and IFN-γ were elevated in the DC-treated group.
Insights Into Cytokine-Receptor Interactions from Cytokine Engineering.
New
Impact
Garcia et al., Stanford, United States. In Annu Rev Immunol, 10 Jan 2015
Here we review the theory and practice of cytokine engineering and rationalize the mechanisms of several engineered cytokines in the context of structure.Wediscuss specific examples of how structure-based cytokine engineering has opened new opportunities for cytokines as drugs, with a focus on the immunotherapeutic cytokines interferon, interleukin-2, and interleukin-4.
Blood classical monocytes phenotype is not altered in primary non-small cell lung cancer.
New
Pouniotis et al., Buraydah, Saudi Arabia. In World J Clin Oncol, 10 Jan 2015
Th1 and Th2 cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 (p70), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF-β, and interferon-γ] analysis revealed no significant difference between patients with NSCLC and non-cancer controls.
Regulatory iNKT cells lack expression of the transcription factor PLZF and control the homeostasis of Treg cells and macrophages in adipose tissue.
New
Impact
Brenner et al., Boston, United States. In Nat Immunol, 01 Jan 2015
Here we found that iNKT cells in adipose tissue had a unique transcriptional program and produced interleukin 2 (IL-2) and IL-10.
A central role for Notch in effector CD8(+) T cell differentiation.
New
Impact
Amsen et al., Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Nat Immunol, 31 Dec 2014
Expression of Notch was induced on naive CD8(+) T cells by inflammatory mediators and interleukin 2 (IL-2) via pathways dependent on the metabolic checkpoint kinase mTOR and the transcription factor T-bet.
Southwest Oncology Group S0008: A Phase III Trial of High-Dose Interferon Alfa-2b Versus Cisplatin, Vinblastine, and Dacarbazine, Plus Interleukin-2 and Interferon in Patients With High-Risk Melanoma-An Intergroup Study of Cancer and Leukemia Group B, Children's Oncology Group, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, and Southwest Oncology Group.
New
Impact
Sondak et al., Ann Arbor, United States. In J Clin Oncol, 20 Dec 2014
PATIENTS AND METHODS: S0008 (S0008: Chemotherapy Plus Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Melanoma) was an Intergroup phase III trial that enrolled high-risk patients (stage IIIA-N2a through IIIC-N3), randomly assigning them to receive either HDI or biochemotherapy consisting of dacarbazine, cisplatin, vinblastine, interleukin-2, IFN alfa-2b (IFN-α-2b) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor given every 21 days for three cycles.
A modified γ-retrovirus vector for X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency.
New
Impact
Thrasher et al., London, United Kingdom. In N Engl J Med, 09 Nov 2014
BACKGROUND: In previous clinical trials involving children with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1), a Moloney murine leukemia virus-based γ-retrovirus vector expressing interleukin-2 receptor γ-chain (γc) complementary DNA successfully restored immunity in most patients but resulted in vector-induced leukemia through enhancer-mediated mutagenesis in 25% of patients.
[Effects of atovaquone and astragalus combination on the treatment and IL-2, IL-12, IFN-γ levels on mouse models of acute toxoplasmosis].
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Tekeli et al., İstanbul, Turkey. In Mikrobiyol Bul, Oct 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of atovaquone alone and in combination with AmE, in the treatment of toxoplasmosis, and on the levels of IL-2, IL-12 and IFN-γ in experimentally infected mice with T.gondii.
Use of enhanced interleukin-2 formulations for improved immunotherapy against cancer.
Review
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Boyman et al., Zürich, Switzerland. In Curr Opin Chem Biol, Oct 2014
UNLABELLED: The use of interleukin-2 (IL-2) for the stimulation of an effector immune response against metastatic cancer dates back to the early 1980s.
Salivary markers of inflammation in response to acute stress.
Review
New
Engeland et al., Penn Hills, United States. In Brain Behav Immun, Oct 2014
Results from each study are reviewed by analyte (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, CRP) and stress type (social-cognitive and exercise-physical), after which methodological issues and limitations are addressed.
Immunosuppression in lung transplantation.
Review
New
Raza et al., Columbia, United States. In J Thorac Dis, Aug 2014
Roughly 50% of lung transplant centers also utilize induction therapy, with polyclonal antibody preparations [equine or rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG)], interleukin 2 receptor antagonists (IL2RAs) (daclizumab or basiliximab), or alemtuzumab.
Melanoma of the urinary bladder: a review of the literature.
Review
New
Venyo, Manchester, United Kingdom. In Surg Res Pract, Dec 2013
The treatment involves excision and possibly IL-2.
The kinase Itk and the adaptor TSAd change the specificity of the kinase Lck in T cells by promoting the phosphorylation of Tyr192.
New
Spurkland et al., Oslo, Norway. In Sci Signal, Dec 2013
Two of these phosphorylation-dependent binding partners, the kinase Itk (interleukin-2-inducible Tec kinase) and the adaptor protein TSAd (T cell-specific adaptor), promoted the TCR-dependent phosphorylation of Lck at Tyr(192).
Advances in the Systemic Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma.
Review
New
Sznol et al., In Oncology (williston Park), Jun 2013
UNLABELLED: Prior to 2011, the only commercially available agents commonly used to treat metastatic melanoma-including dacarbazine, temozolomide (Temodar), fotemustine, carboplatin, paclitaxel, and interleukin-2-demonstrated limited efficacy, and no study involving these agents had shown an improvement in overall survival.
B7-CD28 costimulatory signals control the survival and proliferation of murine and human γδ T cells via IL-2 production.
GeneRIF
Silva-Santos et al., Lisbon, Portugal. In J Immunol, 2012
Freshly isolated lymphoid gammadelta T cells synergize with the T cell receptor to induce autocrine IL-2 production that promotes gammadelta cell survival and proliferation following Plasmodium infection.
In vivo suppression of plasma IL-12 levels by acute and chronic stress paradigms: potential mediating mechanisms and sex differences.
GeneRIF
Ben-Eliyahu et al., Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. In Brain Behav Immun, 2012
our findings indicate a generic and robust stress-induced reduction in plasma IL-12
Aiolos promotes TH17 differentiation by directly silencing Il2 expression.
Impact
GeneRIF
Kuchroo et al., Boston, United States. In Nat Immunol, 2012
study demonstrated that Aiolos silenced the Il2 locus, promoting TH17 differentiation in vitro and in vivo
Cutting edge: IL-2 signals determine the degree of TCR signaling necessary to support regulatory T cell proliferation in vivo.
GeneRIF
Kambayashi et al., Philadelphia, United States. In J Immunol, 2012
Regulatory T (Treg) cell division does not absolutely require cell-autonomous transgenic T cell receptor signaling in vivo, depending on the degree of IL-2-mediated stimulation provided.
IL-2 requirement for human plasma cell generation: coupling differentiation and proliferation by enhancing MAPK-ERK signaling.
GeneRIF
Fest et al., Rennes, France. In J Immunol, 2012
IL-2 drives activated B cell differentiation toward plasma cells independently of its proliferation and survival functions.
More papers using Interleukin-2 antibodies
Acquisition of full effector function in vitro paradoxically impairs the in vivo antitumor efficacy of adoptively transferred CD8+ T cells.
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Teague Ryan M., In PLoS ONE, 2004
... /ml in AIM-V medium (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) supplemented with 300 IU/ml IL-2 (Chiron, Emmerville, CA) and 5% heat-inactivated human AB serum (Valley Biomedical, Winchester, VA) ...
Histone code modifications on pluripotential nuclei of reprogrammed somatic cells
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Rothenberg Ellen V. et al., In Nucleic Acids Research, 2003
... expression as a monitoring tool for IL-2 expression in primary T-cells of transgenic mice ...
Cytokines in cancer pathogenesis and cancer therapy
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Alitheen Noorjahan Banu et al., In Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM, 2003
... Recombinant murine interleukin 2 (rmIL-2; Dako, USA) was used as ...
Lysosomal localization of murine CD1d mediated by AP-3 is necessary for NK T cell development.
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Unutmaz Derya, In PLoS ONE, 2002
... For antibody blocking in culture assays, non-specific isotype matched control, IL-2, IFNγ, IL-12p70 and CD40L specific mAbs without preservatives were obtained from BD Biosciences and IL-18 specific mAb ...
Distinct mechanisms of entry by envelope glycoproteins of Marburg and Ebola (Zaire) viruses.
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Sommer Peter, In PLoS ONE, 1999
... (BioWhittaker, Verviers, Belgium) supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (PAA Laboratories, Vienna, Austria), 10 U/ml IL-2 (National Institutes of Health, AIDS Repository), 2 mM L-glutamine (Invitrogen Life Technologies, Paisley, Scotland), and 1% ...
A Signal Peptide Derived from hsp60 Binds HLA-E and Interferes with CD94/NKG2A Recognition
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Söderström Kalle et al., In The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1998
... serum, 200 U IL-2/ml (PeproTech), 2 mM l-glutamine, 100 U/ml penicillin, and 100 μg/ml streptomycin (Life Technologies).
Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T cell differentiation
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Strober Warren et al., In The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1997
... with 10% FCS, 100 μg/ml streptomycin, 100 U/ml penicillin, 50 μM 2-ME, 10 U/ml human IL-2 (Life Technologies), and 6% rat Con ...
Limited tumor infiltration by activated T effector cells restricts the therapeutic activity of regulatory T cell depletion against established melanoma
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Allison James P. et al., In The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1996
... IL-2 immunotoxin therapy modulates tumor-associated regulatory T cells and leads to lasting immune-mediated rejection of breast cancers in neu-transgenic mice ...
Phenotypic and functional characterization of mice that lack the type I receptor for IL-1
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Galy Anne et al., In Molecular Therapy, 1996
... plate (Millipore, Bedford, MA) were coated overnight with 5 µg/ml anti-mouse IFN-γ mAb or 3 µg/ml anti-mouse IL-2 mAb (BD Biosciences) at 4 °C, washed, and ...
A Contribution of Mouse Dendritic Cell–Derived IL-2 for NK Cell Activation
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Ricciardi-Castagnoli Paola et al., In The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1995
... ), from ascite-purified anti–IL-2 (S4B6, rat IgG2a) or from total rat IgG (Bethyl).
The interleukin-2 receptor
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Royuela Mar et al., In Breast Cancer Research, 1988
... The primary antibodies used were goat anti-human IL-2, rabbit anti-human IL-2Rα, rabbit anti-human IL-2Rβ and rabbit anti-human IL-2Rγ (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, California, CA, USA).
Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.
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Schreiber Gideon, In PLoS ONE, 1986
... 15 medium (Cambrex); fetal calf serum (FCS; HyClone, Belgium); L-glutamine (Flow Laboratories, UK); recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2; Biotech, Russia); phosphate buffered saline (PBS; PanEco, Russia); goat serum (DakoCytomation); phycoerythrin-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (GAR-PE) (Santa Cruz Biotechnology); RNA molecular weight standard ...
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