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Insulin-like growth factor 2

Insulin-Like Growth Factor II, IGF-II, IGF2
This gene encodes a member of the insulin family of polypeptide growth factors, which are involved in development and growth. It is an imprinted gene, expressed only from the paternal allele, and epigenetic changes at this locus are associated with Wilms tumour, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, rhabdomyosarcoma, and Silver-Russell syndrome. A read-through INS-IGF2 gene exists, whose 5' region overlaps the INS gene and the 3' region overlaps this gene. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: Insulin, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, CAN, HAD, IGF-I receptor
Papers using Insulin-Like Growth Factor II antibodies
LYVE-1, the lymphatic system and tumor lymphangiogenesis
Supplier
Lahm Harald et al., In Journal of Carcinogenesis, 2000
... Identification of PEPCK-IGF-II transgenic animals and carcinogen treatment ...
Papers on Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
The role and interaction of imprinted genes in human fetal growth.
Review
New
Stanier et al., London, United Kingdom. In Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 05 Apr 2015
We have found that the expression of paternally expressing insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), its receptor IGF2R, and the IGF2/IGF1R ratio in CVS tissues significantly correlate with crown-rump length and birthweight, whereas term placenta expression shows no correlation.
Evaluating patient-derived colorectal cancer-xenografts as preclinical models by comparison with patient clinical data.
New
Dangles-Marie et al., Paris, United States. In Cancer Res, 24 Mar 2015
Here, by studying 52 colorectal patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDX), we examined key molecular alterations of the IGF2-PI3K and ERBB-RAS pathways and response to cetuximab.
5‑Azacytidine inhibits human rhabdomyosarcoma cell growth by downregulating insulin‑like growth factor 2 expression and reactivating the H19 gene product miR‑675, which negatively affects insulin‑like growth factors and insulin signaling.
New
Ratajczak et al., Szczecin, Poland. In Int J Oncol, 24 Mar 2015
UNASSIGNED: Insulin‑like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and 1 (IGF1) and insulin (INS) promote proliferation of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) cells by interacting with the insulin‑like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) and the insulin receptor (INSR).
GATA2-IGF2 Mediates Chemotherapy Resistance in Lethal Prostate Cancer.
New
In Cancer Discov, 19 Mar 2015
UNASSIGNED: GATA2-induced expression of IGF2 promotes chemotherapy resistance and aggressive CRPC.
The somatotropic axis during the physiological estrus cycle in dairy heifers-Effect on hepatic expression of GHR and SOCS2.
New
Piechotta et al., Hannover, Germany. In J Dairy Sci, 19 Mar 2015
Blood samples and liver biopsies were obtained, and blood concentrations of E2, P4, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF-II, and GH were measured.
Mutations in the SIX1/2 Pathway and the DROSHA/DGCR8 miRNA Microprocessor Complex Underlie High-Risk Blastemal Type Wilms Tumors.
New
Impact
Gessler et al., Würzburg, Germany. In Cancer Cell, 09 Mar 2015
Recurrent mutations included a hotspot mutation (Q177R) in the homeo-domain of SIX1 and SIX2 in tumors with high proliferative potential (18.1% of blastemal cases); mutations in the DROSHA/DGCR8 microprocessor genes (18.2% of blastemal cases); mutations in DICER1 and DIS3L2; and alterations in IGF2, MYCN, and TP53, the latter being strongly associated with dismal outcome.
Taxane Resistance in Prostate Cancer Mediated by AR-Independent GATA2 Regulation of IGF2.
New
Impact
Balk et al., Seattle, United States. In Cancer Cell, 09 Mar 2015
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Vidal and colleagues identify increased GATA2 and its AR-independent transactivation of IGF2 as a mechanism that can mediate taxane resistance through activation of IGF1/insulin receptor signaling.
A Targetable GATA2-IGF2 Axis Confers Aggressiveness in Lethal Prostate Cancer.
New
Impact
Domingo-Domenech et al., New York City, United States. In Cancer Cell, 09 Mar 2015
Mechanistically, direct upregulation of the growth hormone IGF2 emerged as a mediator of the aggressive properties regulated by GATA2.
IGF2 signaling and regulation in cancer.
New
Huang et al., United States. In Cytokine Growth Factor Rev, 04 Mar 2015
UNASSIGNED: Upregulation of IGF2 occurs in both childhood and adult malignancies.
Therapeutic targeting of liver inflammation and fibrosis by nanomedicine.
Review
New
Tacke et al., Aachen, Germany. In Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr, Dec 2014
HSC, the main collagen-producing cells during fibrosis, are currently targeted using nanoconstructs that recognize the mannose 6-phosphate and insulin-like growth factor II, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor 1, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor β, or integrins.
Insulin/Insulin-like growth factors in cancer: new roles for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, tumor resistance mechanisms, and new blocking strategies.
Review
New
Tomblin et al., Huntington, United States. In Front Endocrinol (lausanne), Dec 2014
Molecular targeting therapies that have been used in solid tumors include anti-IGF1R antibodies, anti-IGF1/IGF2 antibodies, and small molecule inhibitors that suppress IGF1R and IR kinase activity.
Portrait of the PI3K/AKT pathway in colorectal cancer.
Review
New
Lothe et al., Oslo, Norway. In Biochim Biophys Acta, Dec 2014
In colorectal cancer the most commonly observed pathway changes are IGF2 overexpression, PIK3CA mutations and PTEN mutations and deletions.
Oncogenic transformation of diverse gastrointestinal tissues in primary organoid culture.
New
Impact
Kuo et al., Stanford, United States. In Nat Med, Jul 2014
Colon organoid culture functionally validated the microRNA miR-483 as a dominant driver oncogene at the IGF2 (insulin-like growth factor-2) 11p15.5 CRC amplicon, inducing dysplasia in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo.
IGF binding proteins in cancer: mechanistic and clinical insights.
Review
New
Impact
Baxter, Sydney, Australia. In Nat Rev Cancer, May 2014
IGFBPs also function in the pericellular and intracellular compartments to regulate cell growth and survival - they interact with many proteins, in addition to their canonical ligands IGF-I and IGF-II.
IGF-IR Targeted Therapy: Past, Present and Future.
Review
Varewijck et al., Rotterdam, Netherlands. In Front Endocrinol (lausanne), 2013
Activation of the IR-A by insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) bypasses the IGF-IR and its inhibition.
Progression to adrenocortical tumorigenesis in mice and humans through insulin-like growth factor 2 and β-catenin.
GeneRIF
Hammer et al., Ann Arbor, United States. In Am J Pathol, 2012
With the combination of stabilized beta-catenin and elevated Igf2 expression, adrenal glands were larger, displayed earlier onset of hyperplasia, and developed more frequent macroscopic adenomas.
Genetic variants in IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and adiponectin genes and colon cancer risk in African Americans and Whites.
GeneRIF
Millikan et al., Chapel Hill, United States. In Cancer Causes Control, 2012
Data indicate an inverse association between the insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-II) Apa1 A-variant and colon cancer risk (OR = 0.49, 95 % CI 0.28-0.88) in Whites only.
Akt1 and insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) regulate placentation and fetal/postnatal development.
GeneRIF
Soares et al., Kansas City, United States. In Int J Dev Biol, 2011
Data show that both Akt1-/- and Igf2-/- mice exhibited decreased placental weight, fetal weight and viability.
Prenatal famine and genetic variation are independently and additively associated with DNA methylation at regulatory loci within IGF2/H19.
GeneRIF
Lumey et al., Leiden, Netherlands. In Plos One, 2011
Prenatal famine and genetic variation showed similar associations with IGF2/H19 methylation and their contributions were additive
Methylation defect in imprinted genes detected in patients with an Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy like phenotype and platelet Gs hypofunction.
GeneRIF
Freson et al., Leuven, Belgium. In Plos One, 2011
significant IGF2 hypermethylation (20 +/- 10 vs. 14 +/- 7%; p<0.05) and SNURF hypomethylation (23 +/- 6 vs. 32 6%; p<0.001) was found in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy patients vs. controls.
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