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Insulin-like growth factor 2

Insulin-Like Growth Factor II, IGF-II, IGF2
This gene encodes a member of the insulin family of polypeptide growth factors, which are involved in development and growth. It is an imprinted gene, expressed only from the paternal allele, and epigenetic changes at this locus are associated with Wilms tumour, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, rhabdomyosarcoma, and Silver-Russell syndrome. A read-through INS-IGF2 gene exists, whose 5' region overlaps the INS gene and the 3' region overlaps this gene. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: Insulin, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, CAN, HAD, IGF-I receptor
Papers using Insulin-Like Growth Factor II antibodies
LYVE-1, the lymphatic system and tumor lymphangiogenesis
Lahm Harald et al., In Journal of Carcinogenesis, 2000
... Identification of PEPCK-IGF-II transgenic animals and carcinogen treatment ...
Papers on Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
Association of in vitro fertilization with global and IGF2/H19 methylation variation in newborn twins.
Craig et al., Australia. In J Dev Orig Health Dis, 30 Apr 2015
Using buccal epithelium from 208 twin pairs from the Peri/Postnatal Epigenetic Twin Study (PETS), we investigated associations between IVF and DNA methylation on a global level, using the proxies of Alu and LINE-1 interspersed repeats in addition to two locus-specific regulatory regions within IGF2/H19, controlling for 13 potentially confounding factors.
Functional analysis of sex-determination genes by gene silencing with LNA-DNA gapmers in the silkworm, bombyx mori.
Suzuki et al., Kashiwa, Japan. In Mech Dev, 27 Apr 2015
In previous studies, we determined that the male-specific isoform of the Bombyx homolog of IGF-II mRNA-binding protein (Imp(M)) was involved in the male-specific splicing of Bmdsx.
Recent insights into the actions of IGFBP-6.
Bach, Australia. In J Cell Commun Signal, 26 Apr 2015
UNASSIGNED: IGFBP-6 is an O-linked glycoprotein that preferentially binds IGF-II over IGF-I.
Immunohistochemical protein expression profiling of growth- and apoptotic-related factors in relation to umbilical cord length.
Bernal et al., Bogotá, Colombia. In Early Hum Dev, 21 Apr 2015
RESULTS: We performed immunohistochemistry antibody tests against FAS, BAX, Ki67, cMyc, FGF2, TGFBR3, VEGF, Bcl2, p57 and IGF2 and analyzed UC cell expression patterns.
Insulin and IGF receptor signalling in neural-stem-cell homeostasis.
Wood et al., Newark, United States. In Nat Rev Endocrinol, 31 Mar 2015
IGF-II is of particular interest as a result of its production by the choroid plexus and presence in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Mutations in the SIX1/2 pathway and the DROSHA/DGCR8 miRNA microprocessor complex underlie high-risk blastemal type Wilms tumors.
Gessler et al., Würzburg, Germany. In Cancer Cell, 09 Mar 2015
Recurrent mutations included a hotspot mutation (Q177R) in the homeo-domain of SIX1 and SIX2 in tumors with high proliferative potential (18.1% of blastemal cases); mutations in the DROSHA/DGCR8 microprocessor genes (18.2% of blastemal cases); mutations in DICER1 and DIS3L2; and alterations in IGF2, MYCN, and TP53, the latter being strongly associated with dismal outcome.
Taxane resistance in prostate cancer mediated by AR-independent GATA2 regulation of IGF2.
Balk et al., Seattle, United States. In Cancer Cell, 09 Mar 2015
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Vidal and colleagues identify increased GATA2 and its AR-independent transactivation of IGF2 as a mechanism that can mediate taxane resistance through activation of IGF1/insulin receptor signaling.
A targetable GATA2-IGF2 axis confers aggressiveness in lethal prostate cancer.
Domingo-Domenech et al., New York City, United States. In Cancer Cell, 09 Mar 2015
Mechanistically, direct upregulation of the growth hormone IGF2 emerged as a mediator of the aggressive properties regulated by GATA2.
Therapeutic targeting of liver inflammation and fibrosis by nanomedicine.
Tacke et al., Aachen, Germany. In Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr, Dec 2014
HSC, the main collagen-producing cells during fibrosis, are currently targeted using nanoconstructs that recognize the mannose 6-phosphate and insulin-like growth factor II, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor 1, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor β, or integrins.
Insulin/Insulin-like growth factors in cancer: new roles for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, tumor resistance mechanisms, and new blocking strategies.
Tomblin et al., Huntington, United States. In Front Endocrinol (lausanne), Dec 2014
Molecular targeting therapies that have been used in solid tumors include anti-IGF1R antibodies, anti-IGF1/IGF2 antibodies, and small molecule inhibitors that suppress IGF1R and IR kinase activity.
Portrait of the PI3K/AKT pathway in colorectal cancer.
Lothe et al., Oslo, Norway. In Biochim Biophys Acta, Dec 2014
In colorectal cancer the most commonly observed pathway changes are IGF2 overexpression, PIK3CA mutations and PTEN mutations and deletions.
Oncogenic transformation of diverse gastrointestinal tissues in primary organoid culture.
Kuo et al., Stanford, United States. In Nat Med, Jul 2014
Colon organoid culture functionally validated the microRNA miR-483 as a dominant driver oncogene at the IGF2 (insulin-like growth factor-2) 11p15.5 CRC amplicon, inducing dysplasia in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo.
IGF binding proteins in cancer: mechanistic and clinical insights.
Baxter, Sydney, Australia. In Nat Rev Cancer, May 2014
IGFBPs also function in the pericellular and intracellular compartments to regulate cell growth and survival - they interact with many proteins, in addition to their canonical ligands IGF-I and IGF-II.
[SPC/E and TIP4P models for investigation of the conformational mobility of the insulin superfamily peptides].
In Mol Biol (mosk), May 2014
In this work we carried out a comparative analysis of the two most popular water models-SPC/E and TIP4P and estimated the ability of using ones for insulin superfamily peptides-proinsulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGF1 and IGF2).
IGF-IR Targeted Therapy: Past, Present and Future.
Varewijck et al., Rotterdam, Netherlands. In Front Endocrinol (lausanne), 2013
Activation of the IR-A by insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) bypasses the IGF-IR and its inhibition.
Progression to adrenocortical tumorigenesis in mice and humans through insulin-like growth factor 2 and β-catenin.
Hammer et al., Ann Arbor, United States. In Am J Pathol, 2012
With the combination of stabilized beta-catenin and elevated Igf2 expression, adrenal glands were larger, displayed earlier onset of hyperplasia, and developed more frequent macroscopic adenomas.
Genetic variants in IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and adiponectin genes and colon cancer risk in African Americans and Whites.
Millikan et al., Chapel Hill, United States. In Cancer Causes Control, 2012
Data indicate an inverse association between the insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-II) Apa1 A-variant and colon cancer risk (OR = 0.49, 95 % CI 0.28-0.88) in Whites only.
Akt1 and insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) regulate placentation and fetal/postnatal development.
Soares et al., Kansas City, United States. In Int J Dev Biol, 2011
Data show that both Akt1-/- and Igf2-/- mice exhibited decreased placental weight, fetal weight and viability.
Prenatal famine and genetic variation are independently and additively associated with DNA methylation at regulatory loci within IGF2/H19.
Lumey et al., Leiden, Netherlands. In Plos One, 2011
Prenatal famine and genetic variation showed similar associations with IGF2/H19 methylation and their contributions were additive
Methylation defect in imprinted genes detected in patients with an Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy like phenotype and platelet Gs hypofunction.
Freson et al., Leuven, Belgium. In Plos One, 2011
significant IGF2 hypermethylation (20 +/- 10 vs. 14 +/- 7%; p<0.05) and SNURF hypomethylation (23 +/- 6 vs. 32 6%; p<0.001) was found in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy patients vs. controls.
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