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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 21 Nov 2014.

Insulin-like growth factor 2

Insulin-Like Growth Factor II, IGF-II, IGF2
This gene encodes a member of the insulin family of polypeptide growth factors, which are involved in development and growth. It is an imprinted gene, expressed only from the paternal allele, and epigenetic changes at this locus are associated with Wilms tumour, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, rhabdomyosarcoma, and Silver-Russell syndrome. A read-through INS-IGF2 gene exists, whose 5' region overlaps the INS gene and the 3' region overlaps this gene. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: Insulin, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, CAN, HAD, IGF-I receptor
Papers using Insulin-Like Growth Factor II antibodies
LYVE-1, the lymphatic system and tumor lymphangiogenesis
Lahm Harald et al., In Journal of Carcinogenesis, 2000
... Identification of PEPCK-IGF-II transgenic animals and carcinogen treatment ...
Papers on Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
Stability of XIST repression in relation to genomic imprinting following global genome demethylation in a human cell line.
Pereira et al., São Paulo, Brazil. In Braz J Med Biol Res, 31 Dec 2014
Disruption of the DNA methyltransferase genes DNMT1 and DNMT3B in the HCT116 cell line (DKO cells) leads to global DNA hypomethylation and biallelic expression of the imprinted gene IGF2 but does not lead to reactivation of XIST expression, suggesting that XIST repression is due to a more stable epigenetic mark than imprinting.
Alcohol, one-carbon nutrient intake, and risk of colorectal cancer according to tumor methylation level of IGF2 differentially methylated region.
Schernhammer et al., Boston, United States. In Am J Clin Nutr, 31 Dec 2014
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that excess alcohol consumption might increase risk of colorectal carcinoma with hypomethylation of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) differentially methylated region-0 (DMR0), which was previously associated with a worse prognosis.
Dietary betaine supplementation to gestational sows enhances hippocampal IGF2 expression in newborn piglets with modified DNA methylation of the differentially methylated regions.
Zhao et al., Nanjing, China. In Eur J Nutr, 20 Dec 2014
Hippocampal expression of insulin growth factor II (IGF2) and its receptors IGF1R and IGF2R were all significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05) in betaine-treated group, together with a significant activation (P < 0.01) of the downstream extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2.
Exhaustive methylation analysis revealed uneven profiles of methylation at IGF2/ICR1/H19 11p15 loci in Russell Silver syndrome.
Netchine et al., Paris, France. In J Med Genet, 13 Dec 2014
BACKGROUND: The structural organisation of the human IGF2/ICR1/H19 11p15 domain is very complex, and the mechanisms underlying its regulation are poorly understood.
Construction of a lncRNA-PCG bipartite network and identification of cancer-related lncRNAs: a case study in prostate cancer.
Xu et al., Harbin, China. In Mol Biosyst, 11 Dec 2014
In addition, the top candidate lncRNA ENSG00000261777 shares an intron with DDX19, and interacts with IGF2 P1, indicating its involvement in prostate cancer.
The development of Wilms tumor: from WT1 and microRNA to animal models.
Yang et al., Zhengzhou, China. In Biochim Biophys Acta, Aug 2014
While intense efforts are being made to explore the genetic basis of the other two-thirds of tumor cases, it is worth noting that, epigenetic changes, particularly the loss of imprinting of the DNA region encoding the major fetal growth factor IGF2, which results in its biallelic over-expression, are closely associated with the development of many Wilms tumors.
The role of the oncofetal IGF2 mRNA-binding protein 3 (IGF2BP3) in cancer.
Hüttelmaier et al., Halle, Germany. In Semin Cancer Biol, Aug 2014
The IGF2 mRNA binding protein family (IGF2BPs) comprises three RBPs.
Oncogenic transformation of diverse gastrointestinal tissues in primary organoid culture.
Kuo et al., Stanford, United States. In Nat Med, Jul 2014
Colon organoid culture functionally validated the microRNA miR-483 as a dominant driver oncogene at the IGF2 (insulin-like growth factor-2) 11p15.5 CRC amplicon, inducing dysplasia in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of DNA methylation levels and imprinting disorders in children conceived by IVF/ICSI compared with children conceived spontaneously.
Bhattacharya et al., Aberdeen, United Kingdom. In Hum Reprod Update, Jul 2014
0.49), PEG1-MEST: 0.47 (-2.07, 3.01), GRB10: -0.05 (-0.43, 0.33), IGF2: -0.15 (-1.09, 0.79), SNRPN: -0.55 (-1.55, 0.46), KvDMR/KCNQ10T1: -0.16 (-0.34, 0.02) and PEG3: -0.24 (-1.72, 1.24).
IGF binding proteins in cancer: mechanistic and clinical insights.
Baxter, Sydney, Australia. In Nat Rev Cancer, May 2014
IGFBPs also function in the pericellular and intracellular compartments to regulate cell growth and survival - they interact with many proteins, in addition to their canonical ligands IGF-I and IGF-II.
The IGF Hormonal Network in Endometrial Cancer: Functions, Regulation, and Targeting Approaches.
Werner et al., Israel. In Front Endocrinol (lausanne), Dec 2013
Epidemiological as well as clinical and experimental data identified the insulin-like growth factors (IGF1, IGF2) as important players in gynecological cancers in general, and endometrial tumors in particular.
The GH-IGF-SST system in hepatocellular carcinoma: biological and molecular pathogenetic mechanisms and therapeutic targets.
Pivonello et al., Napoli, Italy. In Infect Agent Cancer, Dec 2013
Physiologically, GH-IGF-SST system plays a crucial role in liver growth and development since GH induces IGF1 and IGF2 secretion and the expression of their receptors, involved in hepatocytes cell proliferation, differentiation and metabolism.
An exon splice enhancer primes IGF2:IGF2R binding site structure and function evolution.
Hassan et al., Bristol, United Kingdom. In Science, 2012
The imprinted genes IGF2 and IGF2R code for the growth promoter insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and its inhibitor, mannose 6-phosphate (M6P)/IGF2 receptor (IGF2R), respectively.
Progression to adrenocortical tumorigenesis in mice and humans through insulin-like growth factor 2 and β-catenin.
Hammer et al., Ann Arbor, United States. In Am J Pathol, 2012
With the combination of stabilized beta-catenin and elevated Igf2 expression, adrenal glands were larger, displayed earlier onset of hyperplasia, and developed more frequent macroscopic adenomas.
Recurrent R-spondin fusions in colon cancer.
de Sauvage et al., San Francisco, United States. In Nature, 2012
Copy-number and RNA-seq data analysis identified amplifications and corresponding overexpression of IGF2 in a subset of colon tumours.
Comprehensive molecular characterization of human colon and rectal cancer.
Cancer Genome Atlas Network, In Nature, 2012
Recurrent copy-number alterations include potentially drug-targetable amplifications of ERBB2 and newly discovered amplification of IGF2.
Genetic variants in IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and adiponectin genes and colon cancer risk in African Americans and Whites.
Millikan et al., Chapel Hill, United States. In Cancer Causes Control, 2012
Data indicate an inverse association between the insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-II) Apa1 A-variant and colon cancer risk (OR = 0.49, 95 % CI 0.28-0.88) in Whites only.
Akt1 and insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) regulate placentation and fetal/postnatal development.
Soares et al., Kansas City, United States. In Int J Dev Biol, 2011
Data show that both Akt1-/- and Igf2-/- mice exhibited decreased placental weight, fetal weight and viability.
Prenatal famine and genetic variation are independently and additively associated with DNA methylation at regulatory loci within IGF2/H19.
Lumey et al., Leiden, Netherlands. In Plos One, 2011
Prenatal famine and genetic variation showed similar associations with IGF2/H19 methylation and their contributions were additive
Methylation defect in imprinted genes detected in patients with an Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy like phenotype and platelet Gs hypofunction.
Freson et al., Leuven, Belgium. In Plos One, 2011
significant IGF2 hypermethylation (20 +/- 10 vs. 14 +/- 7%; p<0.05) and SNURF hypomethylation (23 +/- 6 vs. 32 6%; p<0.001) was found in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy patients vs. controls.
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