Propelling Immunotherapy Combinations Into the Clinic.
In Oncology (williston Park), Dec 2015
Strategies that hold promise include dual immune checkpoint blockade, as well as the combination of immune checkpoint blockade with costimulatory receptor agonists, enhancers of innate immunity, inhibition of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, adoptive T-cell transfer/T-cell engineering, therapeutic vaccines, small-molecule inhibitors, and radiation therapy.
The role of inflammation in schizophrenia.
München, Germany. In Front Neurosci, 2014
The activated immune system in turn activates the enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) of the tryptophan/kynurenine metabolism which influences the serotonergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission via neuroactive metabolites such as kynurenic acid.
Neuroinflammation and comorbidity of pain and depression.
Houston, United States. In Pharmacol Rev, 2013
These mechanisms include direct effects of cytokines on the neuronal environment or indirect effects via downregulation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2, activation of the tryptophan-degrading enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase that generates neurotropic kynurenine metabolites, increased brain extracellular glutamate, and the switch of GABAergic neurotransmission from inhibition to excitation.
Highlights of 10 years of immunology in Nature Reviews Immunology.
New Haven, United States. In Nat Rev Immunol, 2011
Highlights include our improved understanding of Toll-like receptor signalling, and of immune regulation mediated by regulatory T cells, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, myeloid-derived suppressor cells and interleukin-10.