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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 02 Oct 2014.

Interleukin 21

IL-21, IL-22, Interleukin-21, interleukin-22
This gene encodes a member of the common-gamma chain family of cytokines with immunoregulatory activity. The encoded protein plays a role in both the innate and adaptive immune responses by inducing the differentiation, proliferation and activity of multiple target cells including macrophages, natural killer cells, B cells and cytotoxic T cells. Dysregulation of this gene plays a role in multiple immune-mediated diseases including lupus, psoriasis and chronic inflammatory diseases. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: IL-17, CD4, Interleukin-6, CAN, IL-10
Papers using IL-21 antibodies
The biology of human natural killer-cell subsets.
Sandberg Johan K., In PLoS ONE, 2000
... IL-7, IL-4, IL-9; 50 ug/mL IL-12, 0.25 mg/mL IL-18 (all from R&D Systems); 100 ug/mL IL-21 (Miltenyi Biotec), 5 ug/mL IL-15 (PeproTech), 100 ...
Modulation of flagellar expression in Escherichia coli by acetyl phosphate and the osmoregulator OmpR.
Masucci Maria G., In PLoS ONE, 1994
... Cells were stimulated with human recombinant IL-22 (Cell Signaling Technologies) for the indicated ...
Papers on IL-21
Effect of serum interleukin 21 on the development of coronary artery disease.
Wu et al., Shanghai, China. In Apmis, 30 Sep 2014
Interleukin-21 (IL-21), the most recently discovered CD132-dependent cytokine, plays a key role in regulating inflammation.
Pathological functions of interleukin-22 in chronic liver inflammation and fibrosis with hepatitis B virus infection by promoting T helper 17 cell recruitment.
Wang et al., Beijing, China. In Hepatology, Apr 2014
In the current study, we demonstrated that expression of numerous IL-22 pathway-associated genes was significantly up-regulated in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected liver tissues, compared to normal controls, through microarray analysis.
The cytokine IL-22 promotes pathogen colonization by suppressing related commensal bacteria.
Raffatellu et al., Irvine, United States. In Immunity, Mar 2014
Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is highly induced in response to infections with a variety of pathogens, and its main functions are considered to be tissue repair and host defense at mucosal surfaces.
The battle in the gut.
Monack, Stanford, United States. In Immunity, Mar 2014
In this issue of Immunity, Behnsen et al. (2014) report that the cytokine interleukin-22, which usually plays a protective role, promotes pathogen colonization by suppressing related commensal bacteria.
Insights into the role of follicular helper T cells in autoimmunity.
Choi et al., Seoul, South Korea. In Immune Netw, Feb 2014
IL-6 and IL-21 cytokine-mediated STAT signaling pathways, including STAT1 and STAT3, are crucial for inducing Bcl-6 expression and TFH cell differentiation.
Induction of innate lymphoid cell-derived interleukin-22 by the transcription factor STAT3 mediates protection against intestinal infection.
Fu et al., Chicago, United States. In Immunity, Feb 2014
Here we showed that STAT3 deficiency increased morbidity and mortality after Citrobacter rodentium infection with decreased secretion of cytokines including IL-17 and IL-22 associated with the transcription factor RORγt.
Suppression of CD4+ T lymphocyte activation in vitro and experimental encephalomyelitis in vivo by the phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase inhibitor PIK-75.
Rojo et al., Madrid, Spain. In Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol, Jan 2014
In activated CD4+ T blasts costimulated by ICOS, PIK-75 (less than 10 nM) inhibited IFN-gamma, IL-17A, or IL-21 secretion.
Immunology of psoriasis.
Krueger et al., New York City, United States. In Annu Rev Immunol, Dec 2013
Inflammatory myeloid dendritic cells release IL-23 and IL-12 to activate IL-17-producing T cells, Th1 cells, and Th22 cells to produce abundant psoriatic cytokines IL-17, IFN-γ, TNF, and IL-22.
Cytokine-Mediated Regulation of Plasma Cell Generation: IL-21 Takes Center Stage.
Tangye et al., Australia. In Front Immunol, Dec 2013
We will place particular emphasis on IL-21, which has emerged as the most potent inducer of terminal B-cell differentiation in humans.
Treg cells: a potential regulator for IL-22 expression?
Zheng et al., Guangzhou, China. In Int J Clin Exp Pathol, Dec 2013
Inteleurkin-22 (IL-22) is a IL-10 family cytokine member and is mainly produced by innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), Th17 cells, and Th22 cells.
PD-1(HIGH) Follicular CD4 T Helper Cell Subsets Residing in Lymph Node Germinal Centers Correlate with B Cell Maturation and IgG Production in Rhesus Macaques.
Veazey et al., United States. In Front Immunol, Dec 2013
These cells secrete IL-21 and express transcriptional factor Bcl-6 at higher levels than CXCR5+PD-1(INT)CD4+ T cells.
Endogenous IL-22 plays a dual role in arthritis: regulation of established arthritis via IFN-γ responses.
Sarkar et al., Tucson, United States. In Plos One, Dec 2013
OBJECTIVE: IL-22 is elevated in patients with inflammatory arthritis and correlates with disease activity.
Anticytokine autoantibody-associated immunodeficiency.
Browne, Bethesda, United States. In Annu Rev Immunol, Dec 2013
Examples include anti-interferon (IFN)-γ autoantibodies and disseminated nontuberculous mycobacteria; anti-granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies and cryptococcal meningitis; anti-interleukin (IL)-6 autoantibodies and staphylococcal skin infection; and anti-IL-17A, anti-IL-17F, or anti-IL-22 autoantibodies and mucocutaneous candidiasis in the setting of either APECED (autoimmune polyendocrinopathy, candidiasis, ectodermal dystrophy syndrome) or thymoma.
A Molecular Link Between Interleukin 22 and Intestinal Mucosal Wound Healing.
Zhao et al., Beijing, China. In Adv Wound Care (new Rochelle), 2012
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 22 (IL-22) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) are two important regulators of inflammation.
Interleukin-22 protects intestinal stem cells from immune-mediated tissue damage and regulates sensitivity to graft versus host disease.
van den Brink et al., New York City, United States. In Immunity, 2012
IL-22 as a critical regulator of tissue sensitivity to GVHD and a protective factor for intestinal stem cells during inflammatory intestinal damage.
Preparation and characterization of mouse IL-22 and its four single-amino-acid muteins that act as IL-22 receptor-1 antagonists.
Gertler et al., Israel. In Protein Eng Des Sel, 2012
Recombinant mouse il-22 (mIL-22) and its variants were expressed in E coli, refolded and purified.The binding of IL-22 and its four muteins to immobilized mIL-22 receptor alpha1 extracellular domain (mIL-22 Ralpha1-ECD) exhibited similar affinity.
NK1.1+ cells and IL-22 regulate vaccine-induced protective immunity against challenge with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Vankayalapati et al., Tyler, United States. In J Immunol, 2012
IL-22, produced by NK1.1-expressing cells, induces optimal protective immunity through enhancing antigen-specific T cell responses after challenge with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
IL-21 promotes lupus-like disease in chronic graft-versus-host disease through both CD4 T cell- and B cell-intrinsic mechanisms.
Rus et al., Baltimore, United States. In J Immunol, 2012
IL-21 promotes autoimmunity in chronic graft-versus-host disease through both CD4+ T cell- and B cell-intrinsic mechanisms.
Activated and resting regulatory T cell exhaustion concurs with high levels of interleukin-22 expression in systemic sclerosis lesions.
Gorochov et al., Paris, France. In Ann Rheum Dis, 2012
Systemic sclerosis pathogenesis does not appear to be linked to IL-17-, but rather to IL-22-producing cells with skin-homing potential and a concomitant quantitative Treg defect.
Natural killer (NK) and NK-like cells at mucosal epithelia: Mediators of anti-microbial defense and maintenance of tissue integrity.
Colonna et al., Saint Louis, United States. In Eur J Microbiol Immunol (bp), 2011
A recently identified population of NK-like cells that shares characteristics of both NK cells and lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells promotes innate immune responses in epithelial tissue through the secretion of IL-22.
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