Amniotic Membrane Mesenchymal Cells-Derived Factors Skew T Cell Polarization Toward Treg and Downregulate Th1 and Th17 Cells Subsets.
Brescia, Italy. In Stem Cell Rev, 28 Nov 2014
T-cell subset modulation was substantiated through the analysis of cytokine release for 6 days during co-culture with alloreactive T-cells, whereby we observed a decrease in specific subset-related cytokines, such as a decrease in pro-inflammatory, Th1-related (TNFα, IFNγ, IL-1β), Th2 (IL-5, IL-6), Th9 (IL-9), and Th17 (IL-17A, IL-22).
A GRHL3-regulated repair pathway suppresses immune-mediated epidermal hyperplasia.
In J Clin Invest, 27 Nov 2014
Using an imiquimod-induced model of immune-mediated epidermal hyperplasia, we found that mice lacking GRHL3 have an exacerbated epidermal damage response, greater sensitivity to disease induction, delayed resolution of epidermal lesions, and resistance to anti-IL-22 therapy compared with WT animals.
Rapid fucosylation of intestinal epithelium sustains host-commensal symbiosis in sickness.
Chicago, United States. In Nature, 01 Nov 2014
Here we show that systemic exposure to Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands causes rapid α(1,2)-fucosylation of small intestine epithelial cells (IECs) in mice, which requires the sensing of TLR agonists, as well as the production of interleukin (IL)-23 by dendritic cells, activation of innate lymphoid cells and expression of fucosyltransferase 2 (Fut2) by IL-22-stimulated IECs.
Targeting Th17 cells in autoimmune diseases.
Cambridge, United States. In Trends Pharmacol Sci, 14 Sep 2014
Given that Th17 cells express IL-17 together with many other proinflammatory cytokines [IL-17F, IL-22, IL-26, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)], targeting the Th17 cell lineage may be superior to blocking a single effector cytokine.
Interleukin-17 in human inflammatory diseases.
Tehrān, Iran. In Postepy Dermatol Alergol, Aug 2014
Human Th17 pro-inflammatory cells are currently defined as cells that produce IL-17A and F, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, IL-21, IL-22 and IL-23.
Utilizing cytokines to function-enable human NK cells for the immunotherapy of cancer.
Saint Louis, United States. In Scientifica (cairo), Dec 2013
Here, we review the roles of major cytokines that regulate human NK cell development, survival, and function, including IL-2, IL-12, IL-15, IL-18, and IL-21, and their translation to the clinic as immunotherapy agents.