Cellular Metabolism and Macrophage Functional Polarization.
Beijing, China. In Int Rev Immunol, 23 Nov 2014
Interferon γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induce a classical activation of macrophages (M1), whereas IL-4 and IL-13 induce an alternative activation program in macrophages (M2).
GATA-3 function in innate and adaptive immunity.
Rotterdam, Netherlands. In Immunity, 21 Sep 2014
The zinc-finger transcription factor GATA-3 has received much attention as a master regulator of T helper 2 (Th2) cell differentiation, during which it controls interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, and IL-13 expression.
Dupilumab: a novel treatment for asthma.
Salerno, Italy. In J Asthma Allergy, Dec 2013
In particular, given the key role played by interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 in the pathophysiology of the most typical aspects of asthma, such as chronic airway inflammation, tissue remodeling, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness, these pleiotropic cytokines are now considered as suitable therapeutic targets.
Cytokines in Acute Chikungunya.
Pune, India. In Plos One, Dec 2013
Interferons (IFN)-α, -β and -γ, Interferon Gamma-Induced Protein-10 (CXCL-10/IP-10), Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-13 (IL-13), Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1), Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and Interleukin-10 (IL-10) performed by ELISA.