Initiation of mRNA translation in bacteria: structural and dynamic aspects.
Italy. In Cell Mol Life Sci, Nov 2015
The process begins with the formation of an unstable 30S pre-initiation complex (30S pre-IC) containing initiation factors (IFs) IF1, IF2 and IF3, the translation initiation region of an mRNA and initiator fMet-tRNA whose codon and anticodon pair in the P-site following a first-order rearrangement of the 30S pre-IC produces a locked 30S initiation complex (30SIC); this is docked by the 50S subunit to form a 70S complex that, following several conformational changes, positional readjustments of its ligands and ejection of the IFs, becomes a 70S initiation complex productive in initiation dipeptide formation.
Could the eIF2α-Independent Translation Be the Achilles Heel of Cancer?
Ottawa, Canada. In Front Oncol, 2014
This mechanism, which appears to be shared by some RNA viruses and Internal Ribosome Entry Site-containing cellular mRNAs and utilizes auxiliary proteins, such as eIF5B, eIF2D, and MCT-1, is responsible for the selective translation of cancer-associated genes and could represent a weak point amenable to specific targeting for the treatment of cancer.
Structure of the 30S translation initiation complex.
Illkirch-Graffenstaden, France. In Nature, 2008
In bacteria, the correct messenger RNA start site and the reading frame are selected when, with the help of initiation factors IF1, IF2 and IF3, the initiation codon is decoded in the peptidyl site of the 30S ribosomal subunit by the fMet-tRNA(fMet) anticodon.