Initiation of mRNA translation in bacteria: structural and dynamic aspects.
Italy. In Cell Mol Life Sci, Nov 2015
The process begins with the formation of an unstable 30S pre-initiation complex (30S pre-IC) containing initiation factors (IFs) IF1, IF2 and IF3, the translation initiation region of an mRNA and initiator fMet-tRNA whose codon and anticodon pair in the P-site following a first-order rearrangement of the 30S pre-IC produces a locked 30S initiation complex (30SIC); this is docked by the 50S subunit to form a 70S complex that, following several conformational changes, positional readjustments of its ligands and ejection of the IFs, becomes a 70S initiation complex productive in initiation dipeptide formation.
Type 2 Transglutaminase, mitochondria and Huntington's disease: menage a trois.
Roma, Italy. In Mitochondrion, 2014
Besides reviewing the latest evidences we share also the novel ones on the IF1 pathway depicting a molecular conduit governing mitochondrial turnover and homeostasis relevant to envisaging preventive and therapeutic strategies to respectively predict and counteract deficiencies associated with deregulated mitochondrial function in neuropathology.
Structure of the 30S translation initiation complex.
Illkirch-Graffenstaden, France. In Nature, 2008
In bacteria, the correct messenger RNA start site and the reading frame are selected when, with the help of initiation factors IF1, IF2 and IF3, the initiation codon is decoded in the peptidyl site of the 30S ribosomal subunit by the fMet-tRNA(fMet) anticodon.