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Taste receptor, type 2, member 31
TAS2R44 belongs to the large TAS2R receptor family. TAS2Rs are expressed on the surface of taste receptor cells and mediate the perception of bitterness through a G protein-coupled second messenger pathway (Conte et al., 2002 [PubMed 12584440]). For further information on TAS2Rs, see MIM 604791.[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2009] (from
Li et al., San Diego, United States. In Curr Biol, 2007
hT2R43 gene allele makes people more sensitive to the bitterness of an artificial sweetener, saccharin; in addition, a closely related gene's (hT2R44's) allele also makes people more sensitive to the bitterness of saccharin.