Reactive aldehyde-scavenging enzyme activities in atherosclerotic plaques of cigarette smokers and nonsmokers.
Chieti, Italy. In Atherosclerosis, 28 Feb 2015
METHODS: We have assessed specific enzymatic activities of class 1, 2, and 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH1, ALDH2, and ALDH3, respectively), glutathione S-transferase (isozyme A4-4, GSTA4-4), and aldose reductase (AR), namely the major reactive aldehyde-scavenging enzymes, together with lipid peroxidation, i.e., fluorescent damage products of lipid peroxidation (FDPL), in carotid atherosclerotic plaques surgically removed from 17 cigarette smokers and 17 nonsmokers.
Genetic variants of glutathione S-transferase as possible risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma: a HuGE systematic review and meta-analysis.
Houston, United States. In Am J Epidemiol, 2008
Fifteen eligible studies were identified: 14 evaluated GSTM1; 13, GSTT1; three, GSTP1; and one each evaluated GSTM2, GSTM3, GSTA1, GSTA4, GSTO1, and GSTO2, respectively.
Dundee, United Kingdom. In Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol, 2004
Furthermore, knockout of mouse GSTA4 and GSTZ1 leads to overexpression of transferases in the Alpha, Mu, and Pi classes, an observation suggesting they are part of an adaptive mechanism that responds to endogenous chemical cues such as 4-hydroxynonenal and tyrosine degradation products.