Cerebellar Fastigial Nuclear Glutamatergic Neurons Regulate Immune Function via Hypothalamic and Sympathetic Pathways.
Nantong, China. In J Neuroimmune Pharmacol, 31 Mar 2015
After demonstrating a direct cerebellar FN-hypothalamic/thalamic glutamatergic projection, 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine (DON), an inhibitor of glutaminase that catalyzes glutamate synthesis, was injected bilaterally in the cerebellar FN and simultaneously, D,L-threo-β-hydroxyaspartic acid (THA), an inhibitor of glutamate transporters on cell membrane, was bilaterally injected in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) or the ventrolateral (VL) thalamic nucleus.
Glutaminolysis and carcinogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Tübingen, Germany. In Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol, 07 Mar 2015
Expression of glutaminolysis-related solute carrier family 1, member 5 (SLC1A5)/neutral amino acid transporter (ASCT2), glutaminase (GLS), and glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) was analyzed in normal oral mucosa (n = 5), oral precursor lesions (simple hyperplasia, n = 11; squamous intraepithelial neoplasia, SIN I-III, n = 35), and OSCC specimen (n = 42) by immunohistochemistry. SLC1A5/ASCT2 and GLS were significantly overexpressed in the carcinogenesis of OSCC compared with normal tissue, while GLDH was weakly detected.
Asparaginase in the treatment of non-ALL hematologic malignancies.
Baltimore, United States. In Cancer Chemother Pharmacol, May 2014
Indeed, both Escherichia coli and Erwinia chrysanthemi asparaginases possess glutaminase enzymatic activity, and their administrations have shown to reduce serum glutamine level by deamidating glutamine to glutamate and ammonia.