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Glutamate receptor, ionotrophic, AMPA 4
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. These receptors are heteromeric protein complexes composed of multiple subunits, arranged to form ligand-gated ion channels. The classification of glutamate receptors is based on their activation by different pharmacologic agonists. The subunit encoded by this gene belongs to a family of AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate)-sensitive glutamate receptors, and is subject to RNA editing (AGA->GGA; R->G). Alternative splicing of this gene results in transcript variants encoding different isoforms, which may vary in their signal transduction properties. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Śmiałowska et al., Kraków, Poland. In Neuropharmacology, Mar 2016
In the in vitro study, we also demonstrated the neuroprotective potential of mGluR4 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs), PHCCC (30 μM) and VU0155041 (10 and 30 μM) and synergism in neuroprotective action of low concentrations of ACPT-I and mGluR4 PAMs suggesting an important role of mGluR4 activation in prevention of ischemic neuronal cell death.
Sabio et al., Hoboken, United States. In Bioorg Med Chem Lett, Feb 2016
Similarly, using homology models that we built for mGluR2 and mGluR4, we have identified the factors leading to the selectivity between group I and groups II and III for ligands occupying the deepest portion of the mGluR5 binding cavity.
Acher et al., Regensburg, Germany. In Biochem Pharmacol, 2012
Group-III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) comprise four structurally related brain and retinal G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7 and mGluR8, which receive much attention as promising targets for nervous system drugs.
Kirchhoff et al., Homburg, Germany. In Science, 2012
study found the majority of cerebellar GluA1/A4-type AMPARs are expressed in Bergmann glial (BG) cells; BG AMPARs are essential to optimize synaptic integration and cerebellar output function throughout life
Campo et al., Genève, Switzerland. In Expert Opin Drug Discov, 2012
INTRODUCTION: The metabotropic glutamate receptor type 4 (mGluR4) plays a pivotal role in a plethora of therapeutic areas, as recently demonstrated in preclinical validation studies with several chemical classes of compounds in rodent models of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral disorders.
Monyer et al., Heidelberg, Germany. In Plos One, 2011
The GluA4 subunit of the AMPA receptor in the hippocampus (GluA4(HC-/-) mice) was ablated, thereby selectively reducing AMPA receptor-mediated currents onto a subgroup of hippocampal interneurons expressing GluA4.
Meriney et al., Chicago, United States. In Mol Neurobiol, 2011
Within area CA3 of the hippocampus, group I mGluRs (mGluR1 and mGluR5) are expressed postsynaptically, whereas group II (mGluR2 and mGluR3) and III mGluRs (mGluR4, mGluR7, and mGluR8) are expressed presynaptically.
Margolskee et al., New York City, United States. In Science, 2003
Molecular genetics and heterologous expression implicate T1r2 plus T1r3 as a sweet-responsive receptor,and T1r1 plus T1r3,as well as a truncated form of the type 4 metabotropic glutamate receptor (taste-mGluR4),as umami-responsive receptors.
Here, we showed that glioblastoma cells express Ca(2+)-permeable alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors assembled from the GluR1 and/or GluR4 subunits, and that their conversion to Ca(2+)-impermeable receptors by adenovirus-mediated transfer of the GluR2 cDNA inhibited cell locomotion and induced apoptosis.
The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) consists of at least six different subtypes that are classified into three subgroups, mGluR1/mGluR5, mGluR2/mGluR3, and mGluR4/mGluR6 (refs 1-5), but their physiological roles are largely unknown.