Microarray Analyses Reveal Marked Differences in Growth Factor and Receptor Expression Between 8-Cell Human Embryos and Pluripotent Stem Cells.
Athens, Greece. In Stem Cells Dev, Feb 2016
Fifty-one gene elements were overdetected on the 8C arrays relative to hES/iPS cells, including 14 detected at least 80-fold higher, which annotated to multiple pathways: six cytokine family (CSF1R, IL2RG, IL3RA, IL4, IL17B, IL23R), four transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) family (BMP6, BMP15, GDF9, ENG), one fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family [FGF14(FH4)], one epidermal growth factor member (GAB1), plus CD36, and CLEC10A.
Cumulus cell-conditioned medium supports embryonic stem cell differentiation to germ cell-like cells.
In Reprod Fertil Dev, Dec 2015
Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that 20%-40% CCM induced the highest expression of primordial germ cell-specific (deleted in Azoospermia- like (Dazl), dead (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box polypeptide 4 (Vasa also known as DDX4) and promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (Plzf)); meiotic (synaptonemal complex protein 3 (Sycp3), mutl homolog I (Mlh1), transition protein 1/2 (Tnp1/2) and protamine 2 (Prm2); spermatocyte-specific boule-like RNA binding protein (Boule) and tektin 1 (Tekt1)) and oocyte-specific growth differentiation factor 9 (Gdf9) and zona pellucida 2 /3 (Zp2/3)) genes over 8-14 days in culture.
Genetics of primary ovarian insufficiency: new developments and opportunities.
Jinan, China. In Hum Reprod Update, Nov 2015
Based on candidate gene studies, single gene perturbations unequivocally having a deleterious effect in at least one population include Bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15), Progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1), and Fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) premutation on the X chromosome; Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9), Folliculogenesis specific bHLH transcription factor (FIGLA), Newborn ovary homeobox gene (NOBOX), Nuclear receptor subfamily 5, group A, member 1 (NR5A1) and Nanos homolog 3 (NANOS3) seem likely as well, but mostly being found in no more than 1-2% of a single population studied.
The domestic chicken: Causes and consequences of an egg a day.
Ithaca, United States. In Poult Sci, Apr 2015
Recent findings in mammals have indicated that the oocyte produces several oocyte-specific factors, including growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic factor 15 (BMP15), which influence the surrounding cells and follicular development.
Genetic associations with diminished ovarian reserve: a systematic review of the literature.
New York City, United States. In J Assist Reprod Genet, 2014
RESULTS: Twenty-one articles identified genes associated with DOR: one gene mutation (FMR1), three polymorphisms (GDF9, FSHR, and ESR1), and seven genes differentially expressed between women with DOR and controls (AMH, LHCGR, IGF1, IGF2, IGF1R, IGF2R and GREM1).