The protein encoded by this gene is a beta-1,3-glucosyltransferase that transfers glucose to O-linked fucosylglycans on thrombospondin type-1 repeats (TSRs) of several proteins. The encoded protein is a type II membrane protein. Defects in this gene are a cause of Peters-plus syndrome (PPS).[provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009] (from
Lai et al., United States. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, Feb 2016
In this study, we compared the growth and the expression levels of the key components of the PI3K/Akt growth signaling pathway in primary fibroblasts derived from normal and galactose-1 phosphate uridylyltransferase (GalT)-deficient mice, the latter exhibited a subfertility phenotype in adult females and growth restriction in both sexes.
Furukawa et al., Nagaoka, Japan. In Yakugaku Zasshi, 2011
β-1,4-Galactosyltransferase (β-1,4-GalT) V - whose human and mouse genes were cloned by us - has been suggested to be involved in the biosyntheses of N-glycans, O-glycans, and lactosylceramide by in vitro studies.
Breimer, Göteborg, Sweden. In Xenotransplantation, 2011
Our knowledge regarding Gal and non-Gal antigens in GalT-KO pig tissues can be summarized as α3Galactosyl-tranferase gene knock out eliminates the Galα3Galβ4GlcNAc-R antigen expression in pig tissues as well as anti-Gal antibody binding.
Robson et al., Boston, United States. In Xenotransplantation, 2011
The development of α-1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GalT-KO) swine with the removal of a dominant xeno-antigen has been an important advance; however, delayed xenograft and acute vascular reaction in GalT-KO animals persist.
These results demonstrate that the galK gene is translationally coupled to the gene immediately preceding galK in the gal operon (that is, galT), and that the coupling effect depends primarily on the position at which upstream translation terminates relative to the galK start site.