Post-translational modification networks regulating FOXP3 function.
Utrecht, Netherlands. In Trends Immunol, Aug 2014
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) can transiently alter the functionality of transcription factors, and recent evidence reveals that FOXP3 can be regulated by various PTMs including acetylation, ubiquitination, and phosphorylation.
FOXP3 and scurfy: how it all began.
Seattle, United States. In Nat Rev Immunol, May 2014
It has been 65 years since the scurfy mutation arose spontaneously in mice at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the United States, and it is 13 years since the molecular cloning of the forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) gene was reported.
[Classification and etiology of hyperthyroidism].
In Pol Merkur Lekarski, Mar 2014
Genetic factors (like HLA-DR3,CD40, CTLA-4, PTPN22, FOXP3 CD25) and thyroid specific genes (thyroglobulin, TSHR, G(s)alpha) and environmental and endogenous factors (such as age, iodine, selenium, emotional stress, smoking, gender, pregnancy, sex hormones, fetal microchimerism, fetal growth, bacterial infections, viral infections, allergies, drugs (alemtuzumab, interferon alpha, iplimumab/tremelimumab, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, denileukindiftitox, thalidomide/lenalidomide, exposition to fallout and radiotherapy) have been described.
Functional improvement of regulatory T cells from rheumatoid arthritis subjects induced by capsular polysaccharide glucuronoxylomannogalactan.
Perugia, Italy. In Plos One, Dec 2013
RESULTS: GXMGal was able to: i) induce strong increase of FOXP3 on CD4+ T cells without affecting the number of CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ Treg cells with parallel increase in the percentage of non-conventional CD4+CD25-FOXP3+ Treg cells; ii) increase intracellular levels of TGF-β1 in CD4+CD25-FOXP3+ Treg cells and of IL-10 in both CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ and CD4+CD25-FOXP3+ Treg cells; iii) enhance the suppressive activity of CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ and CD4+CD25-FOXP3+ Treg cells in terms of inhibition of effector T cell activity and increased secretion of IL-10; iv) decrease Th1 response as demonstrated by inhibition of T-bet activation and down-regulation of IFN-γ and IL-12p70 production; v) decrease Th17 differentiation by down-regulating pSTAT3 activation and IL-17A, IL-23, IL-21, IL-22 and IL-6 production.
Nutrient Sensing via mTOR in T Cells Maintains a Tolerogenic Microenvironment.
More papers using
Oxford, United Kingdom. In Front Immunol, Dec 2013
The first is due to the up-regulation of multiple enzymes that consume essential amino acids, which are sensed in naïve T cells primarily via inhibition of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, which in turn encourages their further differentiation into FOXP3(+) Treg cells.
IFN-g production by alloantigen-reactive regulatory T cells is important for their regulatory function in vivo
In PLoS ONE, 2004
... anti-CD86 (BU63, Serotec), anti-CD123 (9F5, BD Biosciences), anti-CD127 (HIL-7R-M21, BD Pharmingen), anti-CD303 (AC144, Miltenyi Biotec), anti-Foxp3 (259D, eBioscience), anti-CTLA-4 (BNI3, BD Biosciences) ...