Very low protein diet enhances inflammation, malnutrition, and vascular calcification in uremic rats.
Fukuoka, Japan. In Life Sci, Feb 2016
After 6weeks, body weight, urinary biochemistry (creatinine and phosphate), serum biochemical parameters (urea, creatinine, fibroblast growth factor 23, albumin, and fetuin-A), systemic inflammatory markers (serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha and urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine), calcium content in the aorta, and serum calcium-phosphate precipitates were evaluated.
Pathophysiology of Vascular Calcification.
Indianapolis, United States. In Curr Osteoporos Rep, Dec 2015
The imbalance of promoters (such as hyperphosphatemia and hypercalcemia) and inhibitors (e.g., fetuin-A) is critical in the development of vascular calcification.
Biomarkers of insulin sensitivity and insulin resistance: Past, present and future.
Seoul, South Korea. In Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci, 2014
This review discusses potential biomarkers including adiponectin, RBP4, chemerin, A-FABP, FGF21, fetuin-A, myostatin, IL-6, and irisin, all of which may play significant roles in determining insulin sensitivity.
The role of fetuin-A in mineral trafficking and deposition.
Melbourne, Australia. In Bonekey Rep, 2014
In the past decade, through in vitro, in vivo and clinical observation studies, we have come to appreciate the importance of fetuin-A (Fet-A), a circulating glycoprotein, in preventing ectopic calcium phosphate mineralisation.
Serum and tissue biomarkers in aortic stenosis.
Athens, Greece. In Glob Cardiol Sci Pract, 2014
We prospectively studied the following serum BMs in 60 patients with CAVS and compared them to 20 healthy controls, free from any cardiac disease: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2 and 9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1), which regulate collagen turnover, inflammatory factors, i.e. tumor necrosis factor a (TNFa), interleukin 2 (IL2), transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) which regulates fibrosis, fetuin-A (fet-A), osteopontin (OPN), osteoprotegerin (OPG), sclerostin (SOST), and relaxin-2 (RL2) which positively or negatively regulate calcification.