The Genetics and Epigenetics of Atopic Dermatitis-Filaggrin and Other Polymorphisms.
Changsha, China. In Clin Rev Allergy Immunol, Oct 2015
Mutations in the human filaggrin gene (FLG) are the most significant and well-replicated genetic mutation associated with AD, and other mutations associated with epidermal barriers such as SPINK5, FLG-2, SPRR3, and CLDN1 have all been linked to AD. Gene variants may also contribute to the abnormal innate and adaptive responses found in AD, including mutations in PRRs and AMPs, TSLP and TSLPR, IL-1 family cytokines and receptors genes, vitamin D pathway genes, FCER1A, and Th2 and other cytokines genes.
Tissue-specific Gene Expression in Rat Hearts and Aortas in a Model of Vascular Nitrate Tolerance.
Szeged, Hungary. In J Cardiovasc Pharmacol, May 2015
Of 7742 genes analyzed by DNA microarray, we found that although the expression of 25 genes changed significantly in the heart (increased: Tas2r119, Map6, Cd59, Kcnh2, Kcnh3, Senp6, Mcpt1, Tshb, Haus1, Vipr1, Lrn3, Lifr; decreased: Ihh, Fgfr1, Cryge, Krt9, Agrn, C4bpb, Fcer1a, Csf3, Hsd17b11, Hsd11b2, Ctnnbl1, Prpg1, Hsf1), only 14 genes were altered in the aorta (increased: Tas2r119, Ihh, Rrad, Npm1, Snai1; decreased: Tubb2b, Usp15, Sema6c, Wfdc2, Rps21, Ramp2, Galr1, Atxn1, Lhx1) in vascular nitrate tolerance.
Anti-Eimeria activity of berberine and identification of associated gene expression changes in the mouse jejunum infected with Eimeria papillata.
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In Parasitol Res, Apr 2015
Berberine downregulates the genes Xaf1, Itgb3bp, and Faim3 involved in apoptotic processes and upregulates genes involved in innate immune responses, as e.g., Colec11, Saa2, Klra8, Clec1b, and Crtam, especially the genes Cpa3, Fcer1a, and Mcpt1, Mcpt2, and Mcpt4 involved in mast cell activity.
Current concepts of IgE regulation and impact of genetic determinants.
Hannover, Germany. In Clin Exp Allergy, 2012
Linkage and candidate gene studies suggested a number of loci and genes to correlate with total serum IgE levels, and recently genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provided the power to identify genetic determinants for total serum IgE levels: 1q23 (FCER1A), 5q31 (RAD50, IL13, IL4), 12q13 (STAT6), 6p21.3 (HLA-DRB1) and 16p12 (IL4R, IL21R).
The autoimmune nature of chronic urticaria.
Denver, United States. In Allergy Asthma Proc, 2008
More recently, functional IgG autoantibodies against FcepsilonRIalpha and less commonly against IgE have been reported in a subset of patients with CU.