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proteins. Page last changed on 19 Aug 2016.
Dopamine receptor D3
Essential Tremor, DRD3
This gene encodes the D3 subtype of the five (D1-D5) dopamine receptors. The activity of the D3 subtype receptor is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase. This receptor is localized to the limbic areas of the brain, which are associated with cognitive, emotional, and endocrine functions. Genetic variation in this gene may be associated with susceptibility to hereditary essential tremor 1. Alternative splicing of this gene results in transcript variants encoding different isoforms, although some variants may be subject to nonsense-mediated decay (NMD). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Desrivières et al., London, United Kingdom. In Eur J Neurosci, 2012
The results of this study suggested that D2R and D3R, expressed in the NAcc, have both shared and non-overlapping roles in transduction of alerting signals elicited by potentially important sensory and environmental cues.
Matzke et al., Vienna, Austria. In Nat Genet, 2005
We report here that DRD2 and DRD3 correspond to the second-largest subunit and largest subunit, respectively, of a fourth class of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase (polymerase IV) that is unique to plants.