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Eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2

Elongation Factor 2, EF-2, NPR-C, eEF2
This gene encodes a member of the GTP-binding translation elongation factor family. This protein is an essential factor for protein synthesis. It promotes the GTP-dependent translocation of the nascent protein chain from the A-site to the P-site of the ribosome. This protein is completely inactivated by EF-2 kinase phosporylation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: NPR, CAN, V1a, ACID, mTOR
Papers using Elongation Factor 2 antibodies
Unsaturated fatty acids down-regulate srebp isoforms 1a and 1c by two mechanisms in HEK-293 cells.
Supplier
Khromykh Alexander, In PLoS Pathogens, 2000
... Doms), anti-tubulin (Sigma), and anti-P-AMPK, t-AMPK, P-ACC, t-ACC, P-eEF2, t-eEF2 (Cell Signaling Technology) ...
Papers on Elongation Factor 2
Downregulation of natriuretic peptide clearance receptor mRNA in vascular smooth muscle cells by angiotensin II.
New
Yang et al., Changchun, China. In Fundam Clin Pharmacol, 24 Mar 2015
Because protein kinase C (PKC) mimetic phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) can destabilize natriuretic peptide clearance receptor (NPR-C) mRNA and angiotensin II activates several PKC isoforms in vascular smooth muscle cells, we hypothesized that angiotensin II treatment decreases NPR-C mRNA stability and exerts this effect through PKC.
A prospective evaluation of the repeatability of left ventricular ejection fraction measurement by gated SPECT.
New
Soman et al., Pittsburgh, United States. In J Nucl Cardiol, 20 Mar 2015
Quantitative LVEF was generated by Quantitative Gated SPECT and recorded as EF1 and EF2, respectively.
Activation of β2-adrenergic receptor by (R,R')-4'-methoxy-1-naphthylfenoterol inhibits proliferation and motility of melanoma cells.
New
Wainer et al., Lublin, Poland. In Cell Signal, 19 Mar 2015
Protein synthesis was inhibited concomitantly both with increased eEF2 phosphorylation and lower expression of tumor cell regulators, EGF receptors, cyclin A and MMP-9.
Dynamics of elongation factor 2 kinase regulation in cortical neurons in response to synaptic activity.
New
Proud et al., Southampton, United Kingdom. In J Neurosci, 18 Mar 2015
A vital regulatory component, and one of the most energy-intensive biochemical processes in cells, is the elongation phase of mRNA translation, which is controlled by the Ca(2+)/CaM-dependent elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K).
Inhibition of eukaryotic elongation factor-2 Confers to tumor suppression by a herbal formulation Huanglian-Jiedu decoction in Human hepatocellular carcinoma.
New
Nagamatsu et al., Hong Kong, Hong Kong. In J Ethnopharmacol, 17 Mar 2015
HLJDD suppressed the synthesis of nascent protein via inactivation of eEF2 without deregulating the translation initiation factors.
Characterization and identification of calmodulin and calmodulin binding proteins in hemocyte of the black tiger shrimp (penaeus monodon).
New
Wongpanya et al., Bangkok, Thailand. In Dev Comp Immunol, 10 Mar 2015
Protein pull-down assay and LC-MS/MS analysis were performed to identify rPmCaM-binding proteins involved in shrimp immune responses and transglutaminase, elongation factor 1-alpha, elongation factor 2 and actin were found.
mTORC1-mediated translational elongation limits intestinal tumour initiation and growth.
New
Impact
Sansom et al., Paris, France. In Nature, 22 Feb 2015
Mechanistically, mTORC1-mediated inhibition of eEF2 kinase is required for the proliferation of APC-deficient cells.
The mechanics of ribosomal translocation.
Review
New
Nierhaus et al., Berlin, Germany. In Biochimie, 13 Jan 2015
The movement of the million-dalton complex ribosome is triggered by the universal elongation factor G (EF2 in archaea and eukaryotes) and is termed translocation.
Initiation of translation by cricket paralysis virus IRES requires its translocation in the ribosome.
New
Impact
Ramakrishnan et al., Cambridge, United Kingdom. In Cell, Jun 2014
Translocation of the IRES by elongation factor 2 (eEF2) is required to bring the first codon of the mRNA into the A site and to allow the start of translation.
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase, an unusual enzyme with multiple roles.
Review
New
Proud et al., Southampton, United Kingdom. In Adv Biol Regul, May 2014
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) is a member of the small group of atypical 'α-kinases'.
[Ketamine's antidepressant effect: focus on ketamine mechanisms of action].
Review
New
Gaillard et al., Paris, France. In Encephale, Feb 2014
Intracellular signaling pathways such as mTOR, GSK3 or eEF2 seem to play a key role and are associated with an increased synaptic plasticity.
Elongation factor-2 phosphorylation in dendrites and the regulation of dendritic mRNA translation in neurons.
Review
Sala et al., Milano, Italy. In Front Cell Neurosci, 2013
Worthy of note, there is accumulating evidence that the eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 Kinase (eEF2K)/eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 (eEF2) pathway may be strongly involved in this process.
Glutamate receptor antagonists as fast-acting therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of depression: ketamine and other compounds.
Review
Impact
Charney et al., Bethesda, United States. In Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol, 2013
These clinical findings have been reverse-translated into preclinical models in an effort to elucidate ketamine's antidepressant mechanism of action, and three important targets have been identified: mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2), and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3).
The eEF2 kinase confers resistance to nutrient deprivation by blocking translation elongation.
Impact
Sorensen et al., Vancouver, Canada. In Cell, 2013
We report that eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K), which is activated by AMP-kinase (AMPK), confers cell survival under acute nutrient depletion by blocking translation elongation.
Structures of the human and Drosophila 80S ribosome.
Impact
Beckmann et al., München, Germany. In Nature, 2013
Here we present structures of Drosophila melanogaster and Homo sapiens 80S ribosomes in complex with the translation factor eEF2, E-site transfer RNA and Stm1-like proteins, based on high-resolution cryo-electron-microscopy density maps.
Diphthamide modification on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 is needed to assure fidelity of mRNA translation and mouse development.
GeneRIF
Leppla et al., Bethesda, United States. In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012
Diphthamide modification on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 is needed to assure fidelity of mRNA translation and mouse development
In vitro and in vivo protection by melatonin against the decline of elongation factor-2 caused by lipid peroxidation: preservation of protein synthesis.
GeneRIF
Ayala et al., Sevilla, Spain. In J Pineal Res, 2012
melatonin prevented the molecular changes in eEF-2 and the decline in protein synthesis rate secondary to lipid peroxidation.
C-type natriuretic peptide and its receptors in atherosclerotic plaques of the carotid artery of clinically asymptomatic patients.
GeneRIF
Eckstein et al., München, Germany. In Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg, 2012
Report the presence of CNP and its receptors, NPR2/3 in atherosclerotic plaques of human carotid artery, with increased expression of NPR3 in histologically unstable plaques.
Prolyl hydroxylase-dependent modulation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 activity and protein translation under acute hypoxia.
GeneRIF
Pascual et al., Sevilla, Spain. In J Biol Chem, 2012
PHD2 modulated eEF2 activity and protein translation under acute hypoxia.
Knockdown of natriuretic peptide receptor-A enhances receptor C expression and signalling in vascular smooth muscle cells.
GeneRIF
Anand-Srivastava et al., Montréal, Canada. In Cardiovasc Res, 2012
knockdown of NPR-A up-regulates the expression of NPR-C, Gialpha proteins, and NPR-C-linked adenylyl cyclase signalling and suggests a cross-talk between NPR-A and NPR-C.
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