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Eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2

Elongation Factor 2, EF-2, NPR-C, eEF2
This gene encodes a member of the GTP-binding translation elongation factor family. This protein is an essential factor for protein synthesis. It promotes the GTP-dependent translocation of the nascent protein chain from the A-site to the P-site of the ribosome. This protein is completely inactivated by EF-2 kinase phosporylation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: NPR, CAN, V1a, mTOR, ACID
Papers using Elongation Factor 2 antibodies
Unsaturated fatty acids down-regulate srebp isoforms 1a and 1c by two mechanisms in HEK-293 cells.
Supplier
Khromykh Alexander, In PLoS Pathogens, 2000
... Doms), anti-tubulin (Sigma), and anti-P-AMPK, t-AMPK, P-ACC, t-ACC, P-eEF2, t-eEF2 (Cell Signaling Technology) ...
Papers on Elongation Factor 2
Enteral delivery of proteins enhances the expression of proteins involved in the cytoskeleton and protein biosynthesis in human duodenal mucosa.
New
Coëffier et al., Rouen, France. In Am J Clin Nutr, 24 Jul 2015
Among the 22 identified proteins, 11 upregulated proteins were involved either in the cytoskeleton (ezrin, moesin, plastin 1, lamin B1, vimentin, and β-actin) or in protein biosynthesis (glutamyl-prolyl-transfer RNA synthetase, glutaminyl-transfer RNA synthetase, elongation factor 2, elongation factor 1δ, and eukaryotic translation and initiation factor 3 subunit f).
A novel multiple-stage antimalarial agent that inhibits protein synthesis.
New
Impact
Gilbert et al., New York City, United States. In Nature, 18 Jul 2015
DDD107498 was developed from a screening programme against blood-stage malaria parasites; its molecular target has been identified as translation elongation factor 2 (eEF2), which is responsible for the GTP-dependent translocation of the ribosome along messenger RNA, and is essential for protein synthesis.
Regulation and roles of elongation factor 2 kinase.
New
Proud, Southampton, United Kingdom. In Biochem Soc Trans, 01 Jul 2015
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) belongs to the small family of atypical protein kinases termed α-kinases, and is the only calcium/calmodulin (Ca/CaM)-dependent member of that group.
Leucine and histidine independently regulate milk protein synthesis in bovine mammary epithelial cells via mTOR signaling pathway.
New
Wang et al., Beijing, China. In J Zhejiang Univ Sci B, 30 Jun 2015
The results showed that, compared with the control group, the expression of caseins and the phosphorylation of mTOR (Ser(2481)), Raptor (Ser(792)), eIF4E (Ser(209)), and eEF2 (Thr(56)) increased with the Leu concentrations ranging from 0.45 to 10.80 mmol/L (P<0.01).
Effect of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) on human intestinal Caco-2 cells at non cytotoxic concentrations.
New
Isoda et al., Tsukuba, Japan. In Cytotechnology, 22 Jun 2015
Moreover, proteomics analysis revealed that this effect was associated with an over-expression of elongation factor 2 and dipeptidyl peptidase 3, and a down-regulation of 14-3-3 protein theta, confirmed at mRNA level using real-time PCR.
EF-hand domains are involved in the differential cellular distribution of dystrophin Dp40.
New
Montañez et al., Mexico. In Neurosci Lett, 21 Jun 2015
With the aim to identify the amino acids involved in the nuclear localization of Dp40, an in silico analysis was performed and it predicted that prolines 93 and 170, located within EF1 and EF2-hand domains, are involved in the nuclear localization of this protein.
mTORC1-mediated translational elongation limits intestinal tumour initiation and growth.
New
Impact
Sansom et al., Paris, France. In Nature, Feb 2015
Mechanistically, mTORC1-mediated inhibition of eEF2 kinase is required for the proliferation of APC-deficient cells.
The mechanics of ribosomal translocation.
Review
New
Nierhaus et al., Berlin, Germany. In Biochimie, Jan 2015
The movement of the million-dalton complex ribosome is triggered by the universal elongation factor G (EF2 in archaea and eukaryotes) and is termed translocation.
Frequency of alcohol consumption in humans; the role of metabotropic glutamate receptors and downstream signaling pathways.
New
Koenen et al., New York City, United States. In Transl Psychiatry, Dec 2014
One way mGluRs can influence synaptic plasticity is by regulating the local translation of AMPA receptor trafficking proteins via eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2).
Initiation of translation by cricket paralysis virus IRES requires its translocation in the ribosome.
New
Impact
Ramakrishnan et al., Cambridge, United Kingdom. In Cell, Jun 2014
Translocation of the IRES by elongation factor 2 (eEF2) is required to bring the first codon of the mRNA into the A site and to allow the start of translation.
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase, an unusual enzyme with multiple roles.
Review
New
Proud et al., Southampton, United Kingdom. In Adv Biol Regul, May 2014
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) is a member of the small group of atypical 'α-kinases'.
[Ketamine's antidepressant effect: focus on ketamine mechanisms of action].
Review
New
Gaillard et al., Paris, France. In Encephale, Feb 2014
Intracellular signaling pathways such as mTOR, GSK3 or eEF2 seem to play a key role and are associated with an increased synaptic plasticity.
Elongation factor-2 phosphorylation in dendrites and the regulation of dendritic mRNA translation in neurons.
Review
Sala et al., Milano, Italy. In Front Cell Neurosci, 2013
Worthy of note, there is accumulating evidence that the eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 Kinase (eEF2K)/eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 (eEF2) pathway may be strongly involved in this process.
Glutamate receptor antagonists as fast-acting therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of depression: ketamine and other compounds.
Review
Impact
Charney et al., Bethesda, United States. In Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol, 2013
These clinical findings have been reverse-translated into preclinical models in an effort to elucidate ketamine's antidepressant mechanism of action, and three important targets have been identified: mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2), and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3).
The eEF2 kinase confers resistance to nutrient deprivation by blocking translation elongation.
Impact
Sorensen et al., Vancouver, Canada. In Cell, 2013
We report that eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K), which is activated by AMP-kinase (AMPK), confers cell survival under acute nutrient depletion by blocking translation elongation.
Diphthamide modification on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 is needed to assure fidelity of mRNA translation and mouse development.
GeneRIF
Leppla et al., Bethesda, United States. In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012
Diphthamide modification on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 is needed to assure fidelity of mRNA translation and mouse development
In vitro and in vivo protection by melatonin against the decline of elongation factor-2 caused by lipid peroxidation: preservation of protein synthesis.
GeneRIF
Ayala et al., Sevilla, Spain. In J Pineal Res, 2012
melatonin prevented the molecular changes in eEF-2 and the decline in protein synthesis rate secondary to lipid peroxidation.
C-type natriuretic peptide and its receptors in atherosclerotic plaques of the carotid artery of clinically asymptomatic patients.
GeneRIF
Eckstein et al., München, Germany. In Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg, 2012
Report the presence of CNP and its receptors, NPR2/3 in atherosclerotic plaques of human carotid artery, with increased expression of NPR3 in histologically unstable plaques.
Prolyl hydroxylase-dependent modulation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 activity and protein translation under acute hypoxia.
GeneRIF
Pascual et al., Sevilla, Spain. In J Biol Chem, 2012
PHD2 modulated eEF2 activity and protein translation under acute hypoxia.
Knockdown of natriuretic peptide receptor-A enhances receptor C expression and signalling in vascular smooth muscle cells.
GeneRIF
Anand-Srivastava et al., Montréal, Canada. In Cardiovasc Res, 2012
knockdown of NPR-A up-regulates the expression of NPR-C, Gialpha proteins, and NPR-C-linked adenylyl cyclase signalling and suggests a cross-talk between NPR-A and NPR-C.
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