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Eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2

Elongation Factor 2, EF-2, NPR-C, eEF2
This gene encodes a member of the GTP-binding translation elongation factor family. This protein is an essential factor for protein synthesis. It promotes the GTP-dependent translocation of the nascent protein chain from the A-site to the P-site of the ribosome. This protein is completely inactivated by EF-2 kinase phosporylation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: NPR, CAN, V1a, mTOR, ACID
Papers using Elongation Factor 2 antibodies
Unsaturated fatty acids down-regulate srebp isoforms 1a and 1c by two mechanisms in HEK-293 cells.
Khromykh Alexander, In PLoS Pathogens, 2000
... Doms), anti-tubulin (Sigma), and anti-P-AMPK, t-AMPK, P-ACC, t-ACC, P-eEF2, t-eEF2 (Cell Signaling Technology) ...
Papers on Elongation Factor 2
Regulation and roles of elongation factor 2 kinase.
Proud, Southampton, United Kingdom. In Biochem Soc Trans, 01 Jul 2015
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) belongs to the small family of atypical protein kinases termed α-kinases, and is the only calcium/calmodulin (Ca/CaM)-dependent member of that group.
Effect of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) on human intestinal Caco-2 cells at non cytotoxic concentrations.
Isoda et al., Tsukuba, Japan. In Cytotechnology, 22 Jun 2015
Moreover, proteomics analysis revealed that this effect was associated with an over-expression of elongation factor 2 and dipeptidyl peptidase 3, and a down-regulation of 14-3-3 protein theta, confirmed at mRNA level using real-time PCR.
EF-hand domains are involved in the differential cellular distribution of dystrophin Dp40.
Montañez et al., Mexico. In Neurosci Lett, 21 Jun 2015
With the aim to identify the amino acids involved in the nuclear localization of Dp40, an in silico analysis was performed and it predicted that prolines 93 and 170, located within EF1 and EF2-hand domains, are involved in the nuclear localization of this protein.
EGCG Blocked Phenylephrin-Induced Hypertrophy in H9C2 Cardiomyocytes, by Activating AMPK-Dependent Pathway.
Wu et al., Guangzhou, China. In Korean J Physiol Pharmacol, 31 May 2015
Previous studies have shown that activation of AMPK results in suppression of cardiac myocyte hypertrophy via inhibition of the p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) and eukaryotic elongation factor-2 (eEF2) signaling pathways.
mTORC1-mediated translational elongation limits intestinal tumour initiation and growth.
Sansom et al., Paris, France. In Nature, Feb 2015
Mechanistically, mTORC1-mediated inhibition of eEF2 kinase is required for the proliferation of APC-deficient cells.
The mechanics of ribosomal translocation.
Nierhaus et al., Berlin, Germany. In Biochimie, Jan 2015
The movement of the million-dalton complex ribosome is triggered by the universal elongation factor G (EF2 in archaea and eukaryotes) and is termed translocation.
eEF-2 Phosphorylation Down-Regulates P-Glycoprotein Over-Expression in Rat Brain Microvessel Endothelial Cells.
Hong et al., Shanghai, China. In Plos One, Dec 2014
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether glutamate, NMDA receptors, and eukaryote elongation factor-2 kinase (eEF-2K)/eEF-2 regulate P-glycoprotein expression, and the effects of the eEF-2K inhibitor NH125 on the expression of P-glycoprotein in rat brain microvessel endothelial cells (RBMECs).
Differential Proteome Analysis Identifies TGF-β-Related Pro-Metastatic Proteins in a 4T1 Murine Breast Cancer Model.
Tomonaga et al., Ōsaka, Japan. In Plos One, Dec 2014
The eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) family members constituted the most enriched protein pathway in vehicle-treated compared with SB-43512-treated lung metastases, suggesting that increased protein expression of specific eIF family members, especially eIF4A1 and eEF2, is related to the metastatic phenotype of advanced breast cancer and can be down-regulated by TGF-β pathway inhibitors.
Initiation of translation by cricket paralysis virus IRES requires its translocation in the ribosome.
Ramakrishnan et al., Cambridge, United Kingdom. In Cell, Jun 2014
Translocation of the IRES by elongation factor 2 (eEF2) is required to bring the first codon of the mRNA into the A site and to allow the start of translation.
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase, an unusual enzyme with multiple roles.
Proud et al., Southampton, United Kingdom. In Adv Biol Regul, May 2014
Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K) is a member of the small group of atypical 'α-kinases'.
[Ketamine's antidepressant effect: focus on ketamine mechanisms of action].
Gaillard et al., Paris, France. In Encephale, Feb 2014
Intracellular signaling pathways such as mTOR, GSK3 or eEF2 seem to play a key role and are associated with an increased synaptic plasticity.
Elongation factor-2 phosphorylation in dendrites and the regulation of dendritic mRNA translation in neurons.
Sala et al., Milano, Italy. In Front Cell Neurosci, 2013
Worthy of note, there is accumulating evidence that the eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 Kinase (eEF2K)/eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 (eEF2) pathway may be strongly involved in this process.
Glutamate receptor antagonists as fast-acting therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of depression: ketamine and other compounds.
Charney et al., Bethesda, United States. In Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol, 2013
These clinical findings have been reverse-translated into preclinical models in an effort to elucidate ketamine's antidepressant mechanism of action, and three important targets have been identified: mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2), and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3).
The eEF2 kinase confers resistance to nutrient deprivation by blocking translation elongation.
Sorensen et al., Vancouver, Canada. In Cell, 2013
We report that eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase (eEF2K), which is activated by AMP-kinase (AMPK), confers cell survival under acute nutrient depletion by blocking translation elongation.
Structures of the human and Drosophila 80S ribosome.
Beckmann et al., München, Germany. In Nature, 2013
Here we present structures of Drosophila melanogaster and Homo sapiens 80S ribosomes in complex with the translation factor eEF2, E-site transfer RNA and Stm1-like proteins, based on high-resolution cryo-electron-microscopy density maps.
Diphthamide modification on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 is needed to assure fidelity of mRNA translation and mouse development.
Leppla et al., Bethesda, United States. In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012
Diphthamide modification on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 is needed to assure fidelity of mRNA translation and mouse development
In vitro and in vivo protection by melatonin against the decline of elongation factor-2 caused by lipid peroxidation: preservation of protein synthesis.
Ayala et al., Sevilla, Spain. In J Pineal Res, 2012
melatonin prevented the molecular changes in eEF-2 and the decline in protein synthesis rate secondary to lipid peroxidation.
C-type natriuretic peptide and its receptors in atherosclerotic plaques of the carotid artery of clinically asymptomatic patients.
Eckstein et al., München, Germany. In Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg, 2012
Report the presence of CNP and its receptors, NPR2/3 in atherosclerotic plaques of human carotid artery, with increased expression of NPR3 in histologically unstable plaques.
Prolyl hydroxylase-dependent modulation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 activity and protein translation under acute hypoxia.
Pascual et al., Sevilla, Spain. In J Biol Chem, 2012
PHD2 modulated eEF2 activity and protein translation under acute hypoxia.
Knockdown of natriuretic peptide receptor-A enhances receptor C expression and signalling in vascular smooth muscle cells.
Anand-Srivastava et al., Montréal, Canada. In Cardiovasc Res, 2012
knockdown of NPR-A up-regulates the expression of NPR-C, Gialpha proteins, and NPR-C-linked adenylyl cyclase signalling and suggests a cross-talk between NPR-A and NPR-C.
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