Gene expression profiling of DMU-212-induced apoptosis and anti-angiogenesis in vascular endothelial cells.
Zhengzhou, China. In Pharm Biol, 01 Nov 2015
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: DMU-212 was found to regulate a diverse range of genes, including cytokines (IL8, selectin E, MPZL2, EGR1, CCL20, ITGB8, CXCL1, VCAM1, KITLG, and AREG), transport proteins (TRPC4, SLC41A2, SLC17A5, and CREB5), metabolism (CYP1B1, CYP1A1, PDK4, CSNK1G1, MVK, TCEB3C, and CDKN3), enzymes (RAB23, SPHK1, CHSY3, PLAU, PLA2G4C, and MMP10), and genes involved in signal transduction (TMEM217, DUSP8, and SPRY4), chromosome organization (HIST1H2BH and GEM), cell migration and angiogenesis (ERRFI1, HBEGF, and NEDD9), and apoptosis (TNFSF15, TNFRSF9, CD274, BCL2L11, BIRC3, TNFAIP3, and TIFA), as well as other genes with unknown function (PGM5P2, SNORD1142, LOC151760, KRTAP5-2, C1orf110, SNORA14A, MIR31, C2CD4B, SCARNA4, C2orf66, SC4MOL, LOC644714, and LOC283392).
Histamine H1- and H4-receptor signaling cooperatively regulate MAPK activation.
Hannover, Germany. In Biochem Pharmacol, 15 Oct 2015
Therefore, we co-expressed both receptor subtypes at comparable levels in HEK 293 cells and investigated HA-induced signaling parameters such as the concentrations of intracellular calcium and cAMP, phosphorylation of the MAPKs p38, ERK 1, and ERK 2, and of the transcription factor CREB, and expression of the immediate early gene EGR-1.
miR675 upregulates long noncoding RNA H19 through activating EGR1 in human liver cancer.
Shanghai, China. In Oncotarget, 10 Oct 2015
Mechanistically, miR675 inhibits the heterochromatin1 isoform HP1α expression in human liver cancer cells which causes a dramatically decrease of the total histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) , histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) and a increase of histone H3 lysine 27 acetylation(H3K27Ac).Notably, a significant reduction of the H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 and the increment of H3K27Ac occupancy on the promoter region of EGR1 triggers EGR1 transcription, translation, sumoylation and activation which upregulates lincRNA H19.
Mutational Spectrum, Copy Number Changes, and Outcome: Results of a Sequencing Study of Patients With Newly Diagnosed Myeloma.
Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. In J Clin Oncol, 17 Sep 2015
RESULTS: We identified 15 significantly mutated genes: IRF4, KRAS, NRAS, MAX, HIST1H1E, RB1, EGR1, TP53, TRAF3, FAM46C, DIS3, BRAF, LTB, CYLD, and FGFR3.
Angiogenesis in gastric mucosa: an important component of gastric erosion and ulcer healing and its impairment in aging.
Long Beach, United States. In J Gastroenterol Hepatol, Dec 2014
Gastric mucosa of aging rats has increased susceptibility to injury by a variety of damaging agents such as ethanol, aspirin, and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs because of structural and functional abnormalities including: reduced gastric mucosal blood flow, hypoxia, reduced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and survivin, and increased expression of early growth response protein 1 (egr-1) and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN).
Curcumin and lung cancer--a review.
Gainesville, United States. In Target Oncol, Dec 2014
Curcumin can be an effective adjunct in treating solid organ tumors due to its properties of regulating oncogenes like p53, egr-1, c-myc, bcl-XL, etc.; transcription factors like NF-kB, STAT-3, and AP-1; protein kinases like MAPK; and enzymes like COX and LOX.