Implications of fundamental signalling alterations in diabetes mellitus-associated cardiovascular disease .
In Indian J Biochem Biophys, 2014
In fact, DM is associated with multi-factorial cardiovascular signalling alterations via significant modulation of expression pattern, activation or release of PI3K, PKB, eNOS, EDRF, NADPH oxidase, EDHF, CGRP, adenosine, iNOS, ROCK, PKC-β2, CaMKII, microRNA (miR)-126 and miR-130a, which could result in inadequate maintenance of cardiovascular physiology and subsequent development of cardiovascular pathology.
Pharmacology of the endothelium in ischemia-reperfusion and circulatory shock.
Philadelphia, United States. In Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol, 1992
These substances can be classified into three broad categories: (a) substances replacing endogenous cytoprotective agents of endothelial origin including prostacyclin (PGI2), endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), and adenosine: the endothelium protecting agents include these substances as well as stable analogs of PGI2, and nitric oxide donors; (b) substances that inhibit pro-inflammatory mediators of endothelial origin: the pro-inflammatory agents are primarily platelet activating factor (PAF) and oxygen-derived free radicals (e.g.