25-Hydroxycholesterols in innate and adaptive immunity.
San Francisco, United States. In Nat Rev Immunol, 2014
In addition, a dihydroxylated form of cholesterol functions as an immune cell guidance cue by engaging the G protein-coupled receptor EBI2, and it is required for mounting adaptive immune responses.
Functional Antagonists of EBI-2
Bethesda, United States. In Unknown Journal, 2014
An exciting new development in the field is the revelation of a novel chemotactic axis involving the recognition of oxysterol compounds by the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 2 (EBI2).
Sterols and oxysterols in immune cell function.
San Diego, United States. In Nat Immunol, 2013
Here we review recent literature reporting on the biological functions of sterol intermediates and oxysterols, acting through transcription factors such as the liver X receptors (LXRs), sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) and the G protein-coupled receptor EBI2, in regulating the differentiation and population expansion of cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems, their responses to inflammatory mediators, their effects on the phagocytic functions of macrophages and their effects on antiviral activities and the migration of immune cells.