Osteogenic potential of human adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stromal cells cultured on 3D-printed porous structured titanium.
Rochester, United States. In Gene, Feb 2016
Compared to standard tissue culture plastic, AMSCs grown in the porous titanium microenvironment showed differences in temporal expression for genes involved in cell cycle progression (CCNB2, HIST2H4), extracellular matrix production (COL1A1, COL3A1), mesenchymal lineage identity (ACTA2, CD248, CD44), osteoblastic transcription factors (DLX3, DLX5, ID3) and epigenetic regulators (EZH1, EZH2).
Comparison of molecular profiles of human mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, placenta and adipose tissue.
Seoul, South Korea. In Int J Mol Med, Jan 2016
The gene expression profiles of stemness-related genes [octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), sex determining region Y-box (SOX)2, MYC, Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), NANOG, LIN28 and REX1] and lineage‑related and differentiation stage-related genes [B4GALNT1 (GM2/GS2 synthase), inhibin, beta A (INHBA), distal-less homeobox 5 (DLX5), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), proliferator‑activated receptor gamma (PPARG), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPA), bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) and SOX9] were compared using RT-PCR.
Notch signaling in human development and disease.
Philadelphia, United States. In Semin Cell Dev Biol, 2012
Notch associated disorders include the autosomal dominant, multi-system, Alagille syndrome caused by mutations in both a ligand (Jagged1 (JAG1)) and receptor (NOTCH2) and autosomal recessive spondylocostal dysostosis, caused by mutations in a ligand (Delta-like-3 (DLL3)), as well as several other members of the Notch signaling pathway.
Akt phosphorylates and regulates the function of Dlx5.
Kwangju, South Korea. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2011
These results suggest that Dlx5 is a novel target of Akt and that the activity of Dlx5 could be modulated by a novel mechanism involving Akt during osteoblast differentiation.
Spondylocostal Dysostosis, Autosomal Recessive
Seattle, United States. In Unknown Journal, 2009
Subtypes are defined by identification of two mutant alleles in any one of the four genes in which mutations are known to cause autosomal recessive (AR) SCDO: DLL3, MESP2, LFNG, and HES7.
Defective somitogenesis and abnormal vertebral segmentation in man.
Exeter, United Kingdom. In Adv Exp Med Biol, 2007
Only a minority of abnormal segmentation phenotypes appear to follow Mendelian inheritance but three genes--DLL3, MESP2 and LNFG--have now been identified for spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD), a spinal malformation characterized by extensive hemivertebrae, trunkal shortening and abnormally aligned ribs with points of fusion.