BMP10 as a potent inducer of trophoblast differentiation in human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells.
Berlin, Germany. In Biomaterials, 31 Dec 2013
The tested BMPs had distinct and also conserved target genes such as CDX2, DLX3, DLX5, GATA2, GATA3, HAND1, ID2, MSX2 and TFAP2A, known to be associated with the emergence of trophoblast cells.
Abnormal Expression Pattern of Notch Receptors, Ligands, and Downstream Effectors in the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex and Amygdala of Suicidal Victims.
Albacete, Spain. In Mol Neurobiol, 23 Nov 2013
In the present study, the gene expression of the four Notch receptors (NOTCH1-4), the five canonical ligands (DLL1, DLL3, DLL4, JAGGED1, and JAGGED2), the two non-canonical ligands (DLK1 and DLK2), and the transcription factors (HES1, HEY1, and HEY2) were measured in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and amygdala (AMY) of suicide victims (S; n = 13 males, with no clinical psychiatric history and non-treated with anxiolytic or antidepressant drugs) and their corresponding controls (C; n = 13 males) by real-time PCR.
Notch signaling in human development and disease.
Philadelphia, United States. In Semin Cell Dev Biol, Jun 2012
Notch associated disorders include the autosomal dominant, multi-system, Alagille syndrome caused by mutations in both a ligand (Jagged1 (JAG1)) and receptor (NOTCH2) and autosomal recessive spondylocostal dysostosis, caused by mutations in a ligand (Delta-like-3 (DLL3)), as well as several other members of the Notch signaling pathway.
Akt phosphorylates and regulates the function of Dlx5.
Kwangju, South Korea. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2011
These results suggest that Dlx5 is a novel target of Akt and that the activity of Dlx5 could be modulated by a novel mechanism involving Akt during osteoblast differentiation.
Defective somitogenesis and abnormal vertebral segmentation in man.
Exeter, United Kingdom. In Adv Exp Med Biol, 2007
Only a minority of abnormal segmentation phenotypes appear to follow Mendelian inheritance but three genes--DLL3, MESP2 and LNFG--have now been identified for spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD), a spinal malformation characterized by extensive hemivertebrae, trunkal shortening and abnormally aligned ribs with points of fusion.
[Autism, epilepsy and genetics].
Barcelona, Spain. In Rev Neurol, 2007
CONCLUSIONS: The relation between pervasive developmental disorders and epilepsy, epileptiform activity and subclinical seizures can be explained from a neurobiological point of view, on the one hand, by an imbalance between the excitatory system -glutamate- and the inhibitory system -gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)- in key points in the cerebral cortex and, on the other, by means of molecular genetic studies and studies of candidate genes (FOXP2, WNT2, subunits of GABA receptors, neuroligins, ARX, SCN1A, SCN2A, MECP2, CDKL5 and DLX5).