Comparative analysis of mouse-induced pluripotent stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells during osteogenic differentiation in vitro.
Suita, Japan. In Stem Cells Dev, 15 Oct 2014
Both cell types demonstrated increased expression of osteogenic marker genes, such as runx2, osterix, dlx5, bone sialoprotein (BSP), and osteocalcin, during osteogenesis; however, real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction array analysis revealed that osteogenesis-related genes encoding mineralization-associated molecules, bone morphogenetic proteins, and extracellular matrix collagens were differentially expressed between iPSCs and MSCs.
Suitability of porcine chondrocyte micromass culture to model osteoarthritis in vitro.
Berlin, Germany. In Mol Pharm, Aug 2014
Comparative expression pattern analysis revealed the involvement of catabolic enzymes (MMP1, -2, -13, ADAM10), chemokines (IL8, CCL2, CXCL2, CXCL12, CCXL14), and genes associated with cell death (TNFSF10, PMAIPI, AHR) and skeletal development (GPNMB, FRZB) including transcription factors (WIF1, DLX5, TWIST1) and growth factors (IGFBP1, -3, TGFB1) consistent with published data from human OA cartilage.
A new dolabellane diterpenoid and a sesquilignan from Aglaia odorata var. microphyllina.
In Nat Prod Commun, Jan 2014
One new diterpenoid, 11alpha,12betaH-dolabella-4,8(17)-dien-3alpha,7beta,18-triol (1) and one new sesquilignan, 9-methoxy-7',8'-cis-7",8"-cis-buddlenol B (2), together with three known compounds, (+)-diasyringaresinol (3), N-methyl-5- hydroxy-delta3-pyrrolin-2-one (4) and marmin (5), have been isolated from Aglaia odorata var.
A panel of genes methylated with high frequency in colorectal cancer.
Australia. In Bmc Cancer, Dec 2013
Six of these genes (SOX21, SLC6A15, NPY, GRASP, ST8SIA1 and ZSCAN18) show very low methylation in non-neoplastic colorectal tissue and are candidate biomarkers for stool-based assays, while 11 genes (BCAT1, COL4A2, DLX5, FGF5, FOXF1, FOXI2, GRASP, IKZF1, IRF4, SDC2 and SOX21) have very low methylation in peripheral blood DNA and are suitable for further evaluation as blood-based diagnostic markers.
Notch signaling in human development and disease.
Philadelphia, United States. In Semin Cell Dev Biol, 2012
Notch associated disorders include the autosomal dominant, multi-system, Alagille syndrome caused by mutations in both a ligand (Jagged1 (JAG1)) and receptor (NOTCH2) and autosomal recessive spondylocostal dysostosis, caused by mutations in a ligand (Delta-like-3 (DLL3)), as well as several other members of the Notch signaling pathway.
Akt phosphorylates and regulates the function of Dlx5.
Kwangju, South Korea. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2011
These results suggest that Dlx5 is a novel target of Akt and that the activity of Dlx5 could be modulated by a novel mechanism involving Akt during osteoblast differentiation.
Defective somitogenesis and abnormal vertebral segmentation in man.
Exeter, United Kingdom. In Adv Exp Med Biol, 2007
Only a minority of abnormal segmentation phenotypes appear to follow Mendelian inheritance but three genes--DLL3, MESP2 and LNFG--have now been identified for spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD), a spinal malformation characterized by extensive hemivertebrae, trunkal shortening and abnormally aligned ribs with points of fusion.
[Autism, epilepsy and genetics].
Barcelona, Spain. In Rev Neurol, 2007
CONCLUSIONS: The relation between pervasive developmental disorders and epilepsy, epileptiform activity and subclinical seizures can be explained from a neurobiological point of view, on the one hand, by an imbalance between the excitatory system -glutamate- and the inhibitory system -gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)- in key points in the cerebral cortex and, on the other, by means of molecular genetic studies and studies of candidate genes (FOXP2, WNT2, subunits of GABA receptors, neuroligins, ARX, SCN1A, SCN2A, MECP2, CDKL5 and DLX5).