TAS-102 an Emerging Oral Fluoropyrimidine.
Australia. In Anticancer Res, Jan 2016
Various approaches have been used to improve the efficacy of 5-FU including inhibition of its degradation enzyme dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) such as S1, UTF, use of 5-FU pro-drug capecitabine to exploit thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and supplementation of reduced folate acid to increase cytotoxicity.
Association between mRNA expression of chemotherapy-related genes and clinicopathological features in colorectal cancer: A large-scale population analysis.
Tokyo, Japan. In Int J Mol Med, Jan 2016
In this study, primary tumors obtained from 1,129 patients with colorectal cancer were used to measure the mRNA expression levels of the following genes associated with the effects of standard chemotherapy for colorectal cancer: 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-related thymidylate synthase (TYMS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) and thymidine phosphorylase (TYMP); folate-related dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), folylpolyglutamate synthase (FPGS) and gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH); irinotecan-related topoisomerase I (TOP1); oxaliplatin-related excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1); biologic agent-related vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).
Impact of age, sex, and comorbidity on cancer therapy and disease progression.
Duarte, United States. In J Clin Oncol, 2010
Biologic features can also vary by sex; several biomarkers with either prognostic or predictive value (ie, excisionrepair cross-complementation group 1 expression, epidermal growth factor receptor mutation, or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase polymorphism) may differentiate efficacy or toxicity in males and females.