Neuroendocrine tumours: cracking the epigenetic code.
London, United Kingdom. In Endocr Relat Cancer, 21 Mar 2013
Recent progress has been facilitated by development of high throughput tools including second generation sequencing and arrays for analysis of the 'epigenome' of tumour and normal tissue, permitting unbiased approaches such as exome sequencing which identified mutations of chromatin remodelling genes ATRX/DAXX in 44% of pancreatic NETs.
Control of human adenovirus type 5 gene expression by cellular Daxx/ATRX chromatin-associated complexes.
Glasgow, United Kingdom. In Nucleic Acids Res, 08 Mar 2013
Death domain-associated protein (Daxx) cooperates with X-linked α-thalassaemia retardation syndrome protein (ATRX), a putative member of the sucrose non-fermentable 2 family of ATP-dependent chromatin-remodelling proteins, acting as the core ATPase subunit in this complex, whereas Daxx is the targeting factor, leading to histone deacetylase recruitment, H3.3 deposition and transcriptional repression of cellular promoters.
Driver mutations in histone H3.3 and chromatin remodelling genes in paediatric glioblastoma.
Montréal, Canada. In Nature, Mar 2012
Mutations in ATRX (α-thalassaemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked) and DAXX (death-domain associated protein), encoding two subunits of a chromatin remodelling complex required for H3.3 incorporation at pericentric heterochromatin and telomeres, were identified in 31% of samples overall, and in 100% of tumours harbouring a G34R or G34V H3.3 mutation.
Interplay between human cytomegalovirus and intrinsic/innate host responses: a complex bidirectional relationship.
Bologna, Italy. In Mediators Inflamm, 2011
We review the viral and cellular partners that mediate early host responses to HCMV with regard to the interaction between structural components of virions (viral glycoproteins) and cellular receptors (attachment/entry receptors, toll-like receptors, and other nucleic acid sensors) or intrinsic factors (PML, hDaxx, Sp100, viperin, interferon inducible protein 16), the reactions of innate immune cells (antigen presenting cells and natural killer cells), the numerous mechanisms of viral immunoevasion, and the potential exploitation of events that are associated with early phases of virus-host interplay as a therapeutic strategy.
Intrinsic cellular defense mechanisms targeting human cytomegalovirus.
Erlangen, Germany. In Virus Res, 2011
In recent studies we and others have identified the cellular proteins PML, hDaxx, Sp100 and ATRX, which form a subnuclear structure known as nuclear domain 10 (ND10) or PML nuclear bodies (PML-NBs), as host restriction factors that counteract cytomegalovirus infections by inhibiting the initiation of viral immediate-early (IE) gene expression.
Role of promyelocytic leukemia protein in host antiviral defense.
Paris, France. In J Interferon Cytokine Res, 2011
PML is the organizer of the NBs that contains at least 2 permanent NB-associated proteins, the IFN-stimulated gene product Speckled protein of 100 kDa (Sp100) and death-associated dead protein (Daxx), as well as numerous other transient proteins recruited in these structures in response to different stimuli.
Emerging roles of the EBF family of transcription factors in tumor suppression.
Gainesville, United States. In Mol Cancer Res, 2009
Functional studies revealed that EBF3 represses the expression of genes required for cell proliferation [e.g., cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK)] and survival (e.g., Mcl-1 and Daxx) but activates those involved in cell cycle arrest (e.g., p21 and p27), leading to growth suppression and apoptosis.