Exogenous Estradiol Benzoate Induces Spermatogenesis Disorder through Influencing Apoptosis and Oestrogen Receptor Signalling Pathway.
Nanning, China. In Reprod Domest Anim, Jan 2016
In comparison with controls, the mRNA expression level of pro-apoptosis factors (Fas, TNF, Cytochrome C, Apaf1, Chop, Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and Caspase-12) and key genes in oestrogen receptor (ER) signalling pathway (ER α, ER β, Erk1/2, Hsp90 and DAX-1) were upregulated in the testes of the treatment groups.
Genetic forms of adrenal insufficiency.
In Endocr Pract, Apr 2015
ABBREVIATIONS: AAA = Allgrove syndrome (alachrima-achalasiaadrenal insufficiency) ACTH = adrenocorticotropic hormone AHC = adrenal hypoplasia congenita ALD = adrenoleukodystrophy CAH = congenital adrenal hyperplasia DAX1 = dosage-sensitive sex reversal, adrenal hypoplasia congenita, X-chromosome FGD = familial glucocorticoid deficiency LCAH = lipoid CAH MCM4 = mini-chromosome maintenancedeficient 4 SF1 = steroidogenic factor 1 VLCFA = very-long-chain fatty acid.
Transcriptional regulation of genes related to progesterone production.
Fukui, Japan. In Endocr J, 2014
In addition, various NR5A-interacting proteins including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), nuclear receptor subfamily 0, group B, member 1 (DAX-1), and CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) are involved in the transcription of NR5A target genes and regulate the transcription either positively or negatively under both basal and tropic hormone-stimulated conditions.
46,XX testicular disorder of sexual development with SRY-negative caused by some unidentified mechanisms: a case report and review of the literature.
Nanjing, China. In Bmc Urol, 2013
No mutation was detected in the coding region and exon/intron boundaries of the RSPO1, DAX1, SOX9, SOX3, SOX10, ROCK1, and DMRT genes, and no copy number variation in the whole genome sequence was found.
Dax1 antagonizes Sry action in mammalian sex determination.
London, United Kingdom. In Nature, 1998
DAX1, which encodes an unusual member of the nuclear hormone-receptor superfamily, is a gene that may be responsible for a sex-reversal syndrome in humans, referred to as dosage-sensitive sex reversal, in which XY individuals carrying duplications of Xp21, part of the small arm of the X chromosome, develop as females.