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Interleukin 18 receptor 1
Cytokine Receptor, IL-18R
The protein encoded by this gene is a cytokine receptor that belongs to the interleukin 1 receptor family. This receptor specifically binds interleukin 18 (IL18), and is essential for IL18 mediated signal transduction. IFN-alpha and IL12 are reported to induce the expression of this receptor in NK and T cells. This gene along with four other members of the interleukin 1 receptor family, including IL1R2, IL1R1, ILRL2 (IL-1Rrp2), and IL1RL1 (T1/ST2), form a gene cluster on chromosome 2q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Mika et al., Spain. In Mol Cell Neurosci, Feb 2016
We have studied the changes in the mRNA and protein levels (qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively) of IL-18, IL-18-binding protein (IL-18BP) and the IL-18 receptor (IL-18R) over time in rats following chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve.
Takeshita et al., Ōbu, Japan. In J Biochem, Jan 2016
Osteoclast biology shares many features and components with cells of the immune system, including cytokine-receptor interactions (RANKL-RANK), intracellular signalling molecules (TRAF6) and transcription factors (NFATc1).
Hermanns, Würzburg, Germany. In Cytokine Growth Factor Rev, Oct 2015
This review summarizes aspects of cytokine transcription and biosynthesis, cytokine-receptor interactions, cross-species activities, signal transduction and physiology delineated from recent findings in genetic mouse models for both cytokines, OSM and IL-31.
Siegel et al., Bethesda, United States. In J Leukoc Biol, Sep 2015
Genetic deficiency or blockade of TL1A-DR3 has defined a number of disease states that depend on this cytokine-receptor pair, whereas excess TL1A leads to allergic gastrointestinal inflammation through stimulation of group 2 innate lymphoid cells.
The crystal structures of the GM-CSF ternary complex, the IL-5 binary complex and the very recent IL-3 receptor alpha subunit build upon decades of structure-function studies, giving new insights into cytokine-receptor specificity and signal transduction.
Garcia et al., Stanford, United States. In Annu Rev Immunol, 2014
However, the desired immunotherapeutic effects of native cytokines are often mitigated by toxicity or lack of efficacy, either of which results from cytokine receptor pleiotropy and/or undesired activation of off-target cells.
McSorley et al., Davis, United States. In Immunity, 2014
Further, maximal stimulation of Th1 cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) did not require T-cell-intrinsic expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R), or interferon-γ receptor (IFN-γR) but instead required IL-18R, IL-33R, and adaptor protein MyD88.