Breast cancer and (25R)-26-hydroxycholesterol.
United States. In Steroids, Dec 2015
Among these determinants are the oxysterol binding proteins expressed in macrophages, the level of expression of CYP7B1, the oxysterol 7 alpha hydroxylase that generates an inactive triol, and further oxidation of 27-hydroxycholestrol to the C27 acid by multifunctional CYP27A1.
SPG5 and multiple sclerosis: clinical and genetic overlap?
Napoli, Italy. In Acta Neurol Scand, Oct 2015
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive (AR) spastic paraplegia type 5 (SPG5) is due to mutations in the CYP7B1 gene, encoding for the cytochrome P450-7B1, responsible for oxysterols 7α-hydroxylation.
Steroid signaling: ligand-binding promiscuity, molecular symmetry, and the need for gating.
Moscow, Russia. In Steroids, 2014
Gating regulates hormone access via enzymes that preferentially inactivate (or activate) a subclass of ligands, thereby governing which ligands gain receptor access - exemplified by 11β-HSD gating cortisol access to the mineralocorticoid receptor, and P450 CYP7B1 gating Adiol access to ER. Counter-intuitively, the specificity of steroid/sterol action is achieved not by intrinsic binding selectivity but by the combination of local metabolism and binding affinity.
Hereditary spastic paraplegias with autosomal dominant, recessive, X-linked, or maternal trait of inheritance.
Vienna, Austria. In J Neurol Sci, 2012
Among the AR-SPGs, ~20% of the patients carry mutations in the KIAA1840 (SPG11) gene whereas the 15 other genes are rarely mutated and account for SPGs in single families yet (CYP7B1 (SPG5), SPG7 (SPG7), ZFYVE26 (SPG15), ERLIN2 (SPG18), SPG20 (SPG20), ACP33 (SPG21), KIF1A (SPG30), FA2H (SPG35), NTE (SPG39), GJA12/GJC2 (SPG44), KIAA0415 (SPG48) and 4 genes encoding for the AP4-complex (SPG47)).
Oxysterols direct B-cell migration through EBI2.
San Diego, United States. In Nature, 2011
Blocking the synthesis of 7α,25-OHC in vivo with clotrimazole, a CYP7B1 inhibitor, reduced the content of 7α,25-OHC in the mouse spleen and promoted the migration of adoptively transferred pre-activated B cells to the T/B boundary (the boundary between the T-zone and B-zone in the spleen follicle), mimicking the phenotype of pre-activated B cells from EBI2-deficient mice.
New insights into the protective effects of DHEA1).
In Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig, 2011
In addition, DHEA is hydroxylated at the 7α position by the cytochrome P450 7B1 (CYP7B1), and the 7α-hydroxy-DHEA produced is a substrate for the 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) which converts it into 7β-hydroxy-DHEA.