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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 02 Oct 2014.

Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1

cyclooxygenase, COX-1, Cyclooxygenase 1
Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), also known as cyclooxygenase, is the key enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, and acts both as a dioxygenase and as a peroxidase. There are two isozymes of PTGS: a constitutive PTGS1 and an inducible PTGS2, which differ in their regulation of expression and tissue distribution. This gene encodes PTGS1, which regulates angiogenesis in endothelial cells, and is inhibited by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin. PTGS1 is thought to be involved in cell-cell signaling and maintaining tissue homeostasis. Alternative splicing of this gene generates two transcript variants. The expression of these two transcripts is differentially regulated by relevant cytokines and growth factors. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: Cyclooxygenase 2, ACID, V1a, CAN, iNOS
Papers using cyclooxygenase antibodies
Alkaloids from Chelidonium majus and their inhibitory effects on LPS-induced NO production in RAW264. 7 cells
Supplier
Jee Seon Young et al., In Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM, 2010
... Anti-COX-2 and COX-1 antibodies were from Cell Signaling (Beverley, MA, USA) and ...
Microglia acquire distinct activation profiles depending on the degree of alpha-synuclein neuropathology in a rAAV based model of Parkinson's disease
Supplier
Combs Colin K et al., In Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2009
... The anti-Cox-1 antibody was purchased from Cayman (Ann Arbor, MI) ...
Reduced expression of biomarkers associated with the implantation window in women with endometriosis
Supplier
Ryffel Bernhard, In PLoS ONE, 2008
... NS-398, 1-oleoyl-lysophosphatidic acid (18∶0) and the first antibodies against LPA3, Lyso-PLD, COX-1 and COX-2 were from Cayman Chemical (Migliore Laclaustra, Buenos ...
Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor blocks the production of West Nile virus-induced neuroinflammatory markers in astrocytes
Supplier
Nerurkar Vivek R. et al., In The Journal of General Virology, 2007
... A therapeutic role for cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in a transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic ...
Therapeutic options for 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors
Supplier
Werz Oliver et al., In Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2005
... , human recombinant COX-2, ovine isolated COX-1, Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, MI, ...
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Papers on cyclooxygenase
The role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and cyclooxygenase pathways in the inhibitory serotonergic response to the pressor effect elicited by sympathetic stimulation in chronic sarpogrelate treated rats.
New
Morán et al., Salamanca, Spain. In Eur J Pharmacol, Jun 2014
Nimesulide (3mg/kg), a COX-2 inhibitor, completely reversed the inhibitory action of L-694,247, whereas 1-[[4,5-bis (4-methoxyphenyl)-2-thiazolyl]carbonyl]-4-methylpiperazine hydrochloride (FR122047) (3mg/kg), a COX-1 inhibitor, partially blocked this action.
Celecoxib and ion channels: a story of unexpected discoveries.
Review
New
Singh et al., Oulu, Finland. In Eur J Pharmacol, Jun 2014
Celecoxib (Celebrex), a highly popular selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, can modulate ion channels and alter functioning of neurons and myocytes at clinically relevant concentrations independently of cyclooxygenase inhibition.
Polysaccharide from Inonotus obliquus inhibits migration and invasion in B16-F10 cells by suppressing MMP-2 and MMP-9 via downregulation of NF-κB signaling pathway.
New
Hong et al., Ch'unch'ŏn, South Korea. In Oncol Rep, May 2014
In addition, PIO decreased the phosphorylation levels of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK); PIO also decreased the expression level of cyclooxygenase (COX)‑2 and inhibited the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) in B16-F10 melanoma cells.
Dietary repletion with ω3 fatty acid or with COX inhibition reverses cognitive effects in F3 ω3 fatty-acid-deficient mice.
New
Weisinger et al., Australia. In Comp Med, Apr 2014
In addition, we sought to test the hypothesis that the cognitive impairments of ω3 fatty-acid-deficient mice are mediated through the arachidonic acid-cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway.
Nonylphenol regulates cyclooxygenase-2 expression via Ros-activated NF-κB pathway in sertoli TM4 cells.
New
Xie et al., Nanchang, China. In Environ Toxicol, Apr 2014
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to investigate the signaling pathways involved in the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 regulation induced by nonylphenol (NP) in mouse testis Sertoli TM4 cells.
The role of antioxidants and pro-oxidants in colon cancer.
Review
New
Palau et al., Johnson City, United States. In World J Gastrointest Oncol, Apr 2014
These risk factors are all pro-oxidant stressors and their connections to oxidative stress, the intestinal microbiome, intestinal microfold cells, cyclooxygenase-2 and CRC are detailed in this review.
Splanchnic vasodilation and hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome in cirrhosis.
Review
New
Gatta et al., Padova, Italy. In World J Gastroenterol, Apr 2014
Several vasoactive systems/substances, such as nitric oxide, cyclooxygenase-derivatives, carbon monoxide and endogenous cannabinoids are activated in portal hypertension and are responsible for the marked splanchnic vasodilatation.
HIF-1α and CA-IX as predictors of locoregional control for determining the optimal treatment modality for early-stage laryngeal carcinoma.
New
Carey et al., Chinju, South Korea. In Head Neck, Mar 2014
UNLABELLED: Background: To examine the predictive value of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, carbonic anhydrase (CA)-IX, glucose transporter (GLUT)-1, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, Ki-67, and erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) as immunohistochemical markers for determining the optimal treatment modality for early-stage laryngeal carcinoma.
Aspirin, cyclooxygenase inhibition and colorectal cancer.
Review
New
Lanas et al., Zaragoza, Spain. In World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther, Mar 2014
Daily low-dose aspirin achieves complete and persistent inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 in platelets (in pre-systemic circulation) while causing a limited and rapidly reversible inhibitory effect on COX-2 and/or COX-1 expressed in nucleated cells.
Evaluation of PIK3CA mutation as a predictor of benefit from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy in colorectal cancer.
New
Impact
Midgley et al., London, United Kingdom. In J Clin Oncol, Jan 2014
We sought to determine the predictive utility of PIK3CA mutation for benefit from both cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition and aspirin.
Hepatic encephalopathy: effects of liver failure on brain function.
Review
New
Impact
Felipo, Valencia, Spain. In Nat Rev Neurosci, Dec 2013
New therapeutic strategies acting on specific targets in the brain (phosphodiesterase 5, type A GABA receptors, cyclooxygenase and mitogen-activated protein kinase p38) have been shown to restore cognitive and motor function in animal models of chronic HE, and NMDA receptor antagonists have been shown to increase survival in acute liver failure.
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid-derived lipid mediators and T cell function.
Review
New
Marelli-Berg et al., London, United Kingdom. In Front Immunol, Dec 2013
However, significant aspects of the polyunsaturated fatty acid bioactivities are mediated through their transformation to specific lipid mediators, products of cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, or cytochrome P450 enzymatic reactions.
Δ9-THC-caused synaptic and memory impairments are mediated through COX-2 signaling.
New
Impact
Chen et al., New Orleans, United States. In Cell, Dec 2013
Here, we show that synaptic and cognitive impairments following repeated exposure to Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) are associated with the induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an inducible enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostanoids in the brain.
Aspirin use and risk of colorectal cancer according to BRAF mutation status.
New
Impact
Ogino et al., Boston, United States. In Jama, Jul 2013
Experimental evidence implicates a role of RAF kinases in up-regulation of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2, cyclooxygenase 2), suggesting that BRAF-mutant colonic cells might be less sensitive to the antitumor effects of aspirin than BRAF-wild-type neoplastic cells.
Aspirin use, tumor PIK3CA mutation, and colorectal-cancer survival.
Impact
Ogino et al., Boston, United States. In N Engl J Med, 2012
Experimental evidence suggests that inhibition of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) (also known as cyclooxygenase-2) by aspirin down-regulates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling activity.
[Cyclooxigenase-1 gene polymorphism and aspirin resistance].
GeneRIF
Kravchenko et al., In Tsitol Genet, 2012
There was no convincing correlation found between cyclooxygenase-1 gene polymorphism and aspirin resistance. (Review)
Differential age- and disease-related effects on the expression of genes related to the arachidonic acid signaling pathway in schizophrenia.
GeneRIF
Thomas et al., Los Angeles, United States. In Psychiatry Res, 2012
The levels of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1; aka COX-1) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide receptor 3 (PTGER3) mRNA are increased in patient with schizophrenia.
Niacin and biosynthesis of PGD₂by platelet COX-1 in mice and humans.
GeneRIF
FitzGerald et al., Philadelphia, United States. In J Clin Invest, 2012
Niacin evoked platelet COX-1-derived PGD biosynthesis.
Nonsense mutations in the COX1 subunit impair the stability of respiratory chain complexes rather than their assembly.
GeneRIF
Wiesner et al., Köln, Germany. In Embo J, 2012
Both full-length and truncated COX1 proteins physically interact with AFG3L2.
Induction of COX-2 enzyme and down-regulation of COX-1 expression by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) control prostaglandin E2 production in astrocytes.
GeneRIF
Planas et al., Barcelona, Spain. In J Biol Chem, 2012
Astrocytes respond to lipopolysaccharide by a COX-2-dependent production of prostanoids, mainly vasoactive PGE(2), and suggest that the coordinated down-regulation of COX-1 facilitates PGE(2) production after TLR-4 activation.
More papers using cyclooxygenase antibodies
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) Increases the Expression of Remodeling Genes in Vascular Smooth Muscle through Linked Calcium and cAMP Pathways
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Knox Alan J. et al., In The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2004
... Anti-COX-2 and anti-COX-1 antibodies were purchased from Cayman Chemicals Ltd ...
5-Lipoxygenase-mediated Endogenous DNA Damage*
Supplier
Blair Ian A. et al., In The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2003
... COX-1 polyclonal antibody (sc-1752) was from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Platelet apoptosis in stored platelet concentrates and other models.
Supplier
Kowaltowski Alicia J., In PLoS ONE, 2002
... Polyclonal antibody anti-COX-1 was from Cayman-Chemical Co, Ann Arbor, MI ...
NF-κB mediates inhibition of mesenchymal cell differentiation through a posttranscriptional gene silencing mechanism
Supplier
Shakibaei Mehdi et al., In Arthritis Research & Therapy, 2002
... Cyclooxygenase-2 antibody was obtained from Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, MI, ...
PPARgamma inhibits osteogenesis via the down-regulation of the expression of COX-2 and iNOS in rats
Supplier
Yoshikawa Toshikazu et al., In Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 2000
... Anti-COX-2 antibody and anti-COX-1 antibody were from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Cross-talk between two cysteine protease families
Supplier
Dai Kesheng et al., In International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 1999
... The anti-COX-1 antibody was purchased from MitoSciences (Eugene, OR, USA) ...
TNF-a induces tyrosine phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase in adherent human neutrophils
Supplier
Binion David G et al., In Cell communication and signaling : CCS, 1994
... Antibodies to NFAT, p65 subunit of NF-κB and COX-1/-2 were obtained from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Lipid composition and cholesterol esterifying activity in microsomal preparations of porcine coronary arteries and heart tissue
Supplier
Sakuma Satoru et al., In Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 1982
... COX-1 (isolated from ram seminal vesicles) and COX-2 (isolated from sheep placenta) were purchased from Cayman (Ann Arbor, MI) ...
A simple method of estimating fifty percent endpoints.
Supplier
Sandberg Johan K., In PLoS ONE, 1937
... Paul, MN), 20 ppm of the COX-1 selective inhibitor SC-560 (Cayman Chemical, Ann Arbor, MI) ...
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