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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 28 May 2015.

Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1

cyclooxygenase, COX-1, Cyclooxygenase 1
Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), also known as cyclooxygenase, is the key enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, and acts both as a dioxygenase and as a peroxidase. There are two isozymes of PTGS: a constitutive PTGS1 and an inducible PTGS2, which differ in their regulation of expression and tissue distribution. This gene encodes PTGS1, which regulates angiogenesis in endothelial cells, and is inhibited by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin. PTGS1 is thought to be involved in cell-cell signaling and maintaining tissue homeostasis. Alternative splicing of this gene generates two transcript variants. The expression of these two transcripts is differentially regulated by relevant cytokines and growth factors. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: Cyclooxygenase 2, ACID, V1a, CAN, iNOS
Papers using cyclooxygenase antibodies
Alkaloids from Chelidonium majus and their inhibitory effects on LPS-induced NO production in RAW264. 7 cells
Jee Seon Young et al., In Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM, 2010
... Anti-COX-2 and COX-1 antibodies were from Cell Signaling (Beverley, MA, USA) and ...
Microglia acquire distinct activation profiles depending on the degree of alpha-synuclein neuropathology in a rAAV based model of Parkinson's disease
Combs Colin K et al., In Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2009
... The anti-Cox-1 antibody was purchased from Cayman (Ann Arbor, MI) ...
Reduced expression of biomarkers associated with the implantation window in women with endometriosis
Ryffel Bernhard, In PLoS ONE, 2008
... NS-398, 1-oleoyl-lysophosphatidic acid (18∶0) and the first antibodies against LPA3, Lyso-PLD, COX-1 and COX-2 were from Cayman Chemical (Migliore Laclaustra, Buenos ...
Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor blocks the production of West Nile virus-induced neuroinflammatory markers in astrocytes
Nerurkar Vivek R. et al., In The Journal of General Virology, 2007
... A therapeutic role for cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in a transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic ...
Therapeutic options for 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors
Werz Oliver et al., In Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2005
... , human recombinant COX-2, ovine isolated COX-1, Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, MI, ...
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Papers on cyclooxygenase
15-Deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 as an electrophilic mediator.
Shibata, Nagoya, Japan. In Biosci Biotechnol Biochem, 26 Jun 2015
Prostaglandin D2, a major cyclooxygenase product in a variety of tissues and cells, readily undergoes dehydration to yield the J-series PGs such as 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-PGJ2 (15d-PGJ2).
Endothelin ETA receptor/lipid peroxides/COX-2/TGF-β1 signaling underlies aggravated nephrotoxicity caused by cyclosporine plus indomethacin in rats.
El-Mas et al., Damanhûr, Egypt. In Br J Pharmacol, 25 Jun 2015
The roles of ETA receptor and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) pathways in the interaction were evaluated.
Neuropeptide Y restores non-receptor-mediated vasoconstrictive action in superior mesenteric arteries in portal hypertension.
Wiest et al., Hamburg, Germany. In Liver Int, 22 Jun 2015
Potential involvement of the cyclooxygenase-pathway was tested by non-selective cyclooxygenase-inhibition using indomethacin.
Close teamwork between Nrf2 and Peroxiredoxins 1 and 6 for the regulation of prostaglandin D2 and E2 production in macrophages in acute inflammation.
Ishii, Tsukuba, Japan. In Free Radic Biol Med, 09 Jun 2015
Prx1 secreted from cells under mild oxidative stress binds Toll-like Receptor 4 (TLR4) and induces NF-κB activation, important for the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal PGE synthase-1 (m-PGES) expression.
A multi-targeted approach to suppress tumor-promoting inflammation.
Yang et al., San Diego, United States. In Semin Cancer Biol, 04 Jun 2015
Specifically, macrophage migration inhibitory factor, cyclooxygenase-2, transcription factor nuclear factor-κB, tumor necrosis factor alpha, inducible nitric oxide synthase, protein kinase B, and CXC chemokines are reviewed as important antiinflammatory targets while curcumin, resveratrol, epigallocatechin gallate, genistein, lycopene, and anthocyanins are reviewed as low-cost, low toxicity means by which these targets might all be reached simultaneously.
Lipoxins and aspirin-triggered lipoxins in resolution of inflammation.
Recchiuti et al., Chieti, Italy. In Eur J Pharmacol, 17 May 2015
ATL biosynthesis requires cyclooxygenase-2 acetylation by aspirin.
A Brief Review on High On-Aspirin Residual Platelet Reactivity.
Seljeflot et al., Oslo, Norway. In Vascul Pharmacol, 10 May 2015
The mechanism of aspirin antiplatelet effect is due to the inhibition of cyclooxygenase-1 enzyme in platelets.
Some studies on spontaneous Hymenolepis diminuta infection in laboratory rats.
Kamal et al., In J Egypt Soc Parasitol, 30 Apr 2015
Moreover, there were high expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and inducible Nitric-Oxide Synthase (iNOs).
Elevation of cardiovascular risk by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Delafontaine et al., New Orleans, United States. In Trends Cardiovasc Med, 12 Apr 2015
NSAIDs profoundly modify prostaglandin homeostasis through inhibition of the enzyme, cyclooxygenase (COX), especially COX-2.
Blocking PGE2-induced tumour repopulation abrogates bladder cancer chemoresistance.
Chan et al., Houston, United States. In Nature, Feb 2015
In vivo administration of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) inhibitor celecoxib effectively abolishes a PGE2- and COX2-mediated wound response gene signature, and attenuates progressive manifestation of chemoresistance in xenograft tumours, including primary xenografts derived from a patient who was resistant to chemotherapy.
Inhibition of 11β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type II Suppresses Lung Carcinogenesis by Blocking Tumor COX-2 Expression as Well as the ERK and mTOR Signaling Pathways.
Zhang et al., Nashville, United States. In Plos One, Dec 2014
Experimental and clinical evidence have shown that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) contributes to lung tumorigenesis.
Prostaglandin signalling regulates ciliogenesis by modulating intraflagellar transport.
Zhong et al., Shanghai, China. In Nat Cell Biol, Sep 2014
PGE2 synthesis enzyme cyclooxygenase-1 and its receptor, EP4, which localizes to the cilium and activates the cyclic-AMP-mediated signalling cascade, are required for cilium formation and elongation.
Immunosuppression in acutely decompensated cirrhosis is mediated by prostaglandin E2.
Gilroy et al., Barcelona, Spain. In Nat Med, May 2014
We present evidence that the cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived eicosanoid prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) drives cirrhosis-associated immunosuppression.
Hepatic encephalopathy: effects of liver failure on brain function.
Felipo, Valencia, Spain. In Nat Rev Neurosci, 2013
New therapeutic strategies acting on specific targets in the brain (phosphodiesterase 5, type A GABA receptors, cyclooxygenase and mitogen-activated protein kinase p38) have been shown to restore cognitive and motor function in animal models of chronic HE, and NMDA receptor antagonists have been shown to increase survival in acute liver failure.
Δ9-THC-caused synaptic and memory impairments are mediated through COX-2 signaling.
Chen et al., New Orleans, United States. In Cell, 2013
Here, we show that synaptic and cognitive impairments following repeated exposure to Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) are associated with the induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an inducible enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostanoids in the brain.
[Cyclooxigenase-1 gene polymorphism and aspirin resistance].
Kravchenko et al., In Tsitol Genet, 2012
There was no convincing correlation found between cyclooxygenase-1 gene polymorphism and aspirin resistance. (Review)
Differential age- and disease-related effects on the expression of genes related to the arachidonic acid signaling pathway in schizophrenia.
Thomas et al., Los Angeles, United States. In Psychiatry Res, 2012
The levels of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1; aka COX-1) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide receptor 3 (PTGER3) mRNA are increased in patient with schizophrenia.
Niacin and biosynthesis of PGD₂by platelet COX-1 in mice and humans.
FitzGerald et al., Philadelphia, United States. In J Clin Invest, 2012
Niacin evoked platelet COX-1-derived PGD biosynthesis.
Nonsense mutations in the COX1 subunit impair the stability of respiratory chain complexes rather than their assembly.
Wiesner et al., Köln, Germany. In Embo J, 2012
Both full-length and truncated COX1 proteins physically interact with AFG3L2.
Induction of COX-2 enzyme and down-regulation of COX-1 expression by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) control prostaglandin E2 production in astrocytes.
Planas et al., Barcelona, Spain. In J Biol Chem, 2012
Astrocytes respond to lipopolysaccharide by a COX-2-dependent production of prostanoids, mainly vasoactive PGE(2), and suggest that the coordinated down-regulation of COX-1 facilitates PGE(2) production after TLR-4 activation.
More papers using cyclooxygenase antibodies
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) Increases the Expression of Remodeling Genes in Vascular Smooth Muscle through Linked Calcium and cAMP Pathways
Knox Alan J. et al., In The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2004
... Anti-COX-2 and anti-COX-1 antibodies were purchased from Cayman Chemicals Ltd ...
5-Lipoxygenase-mediated Endogenous DNA Damage*
Blair Ian A. et al., In The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2003
... COX-1 polyclonal antibody (sc-1752) was from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Platelet apoptosis in stored platelet concentrates and other models.
Kowaltowski Alicia J., In PLoS ONE, 2002
... Polyclonal antibody anti-COX-1 was from Cayman-Chemical Co, Ann Arbor, MI ...
NF-κB mediates inhibition of mesenchymal cell differentiation through a posttranscriptional gene silencing mechanism
Shakibaei Mehdi et al., In Arthritis Research & Therapy, 2002
... Cyclooxygenase-2 antibody was obtained from Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, MI, ...
PPARgamma inhibits osteogenesis via the down-regulation of the expression of COX-2 and iNOS in rats
Yoshikawa Toshikazu et al., In Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 2000
... Anti-COX-2 antibody and anti-COX-1 antibody were from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Cross-talk between two cysteine protease families
Dai Kesheng et al., In International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 1999
... The anti-COX-1 antibody was purchased from MitoSciences (Eugene, OR, USA) ...
TNF-a induces tyrosine phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase in adherent human neutrophils
Binion David G et al., In Cell communication and signaling : CCS, 1994
... Antibodies to NFAT, p65 subunit of NF-κB and COX-1/-2 were obtained from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Lipid composition and cholesterol esterifying activity in microsomal preparations of porcine coronary arteries and heart tissue
Sakuma Satoru et al., In Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 1982
... COX-1 (isolated from ram seminal vesicles) and COX-2 (isolated from sheep placenta) were purchased from Cayman (Ann Arbor, MI) ...
A simple method of estimating fifty percent endpoints.
Sandberg Johan K., In PLoS ONE, 1937
... Paul, MN), 20 ppm of the COX-1 selective inhibitor SC-560 (Cayman Chemical, Ann Arbor, MI) ...
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