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proteins. Page last changed on 02 Oct 2014.
Gap junction protein, beta 2, 26kDa
Cx26, connexin 26, GJB2, KID, HID
This gene encodes a member of the gap junction protein family. The gap junctions were first characterized by electron microscopy as regionally specialized structures on plasma membranes of contacting adherent cells. These structures were shown to consist of cell-to-cell channels that facilitate the transfer of ions and small molecules between cells. The gap junction proteins, also known as connexins, purified from fractions of enriched gap junctions from different tissues differ. According to sequence similarities at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, the gap junction proteins are divided into two categories, alpha and beta. Mutations in this gene are responsible for as much as 50% of pre-lingual, recessive deafness. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008] (from
Martines et al., Palermo, Italy. In Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol, Apr 2014
UNLABELLED: The aim of this work was to study the genotype distribution of Sicilian patients with biallelic GJB2 mutations; to correlate genotype classes and/or specific mutations of GJB2 gene (35delG-non-35delG) with audiologic profiles.
Mammano et al., Padova, Italy. In Front Physiol, Dec 2013
Mutations of the GJB2 gene encoding the connexin 26 (Cx26) gap junction protein, which is widely expressed in the inner ear, are the primary cause of hereditary non-syndromic hearing loss in several populations.
Garabédian et al., Paris, France. In Otol Neurotol, 2012
After cochlear implantation, perceptive and linguistic evolutions for populations of GJB2 mutation and Waardenburg syndrome were of good quality, but lexical evaluation showed residual language difficulties in both groups.
We identified six new susceptibility loci associated with psoriasis in the Chinese study containing the candidate genes ERAP1, PTTG1, CSMD1, GJB2, SERPINB8 and ZNF816A (combined P < 5 × 10⁻⁸) and replicated one locus, 5q33.1 (TNIP1-ANXA6), previously reported (combined P = 3.8 × 10⁻²¹) in the European studies.