Effects of Selenium-Enriched Probiotics on Lipid Metabolism, Antioxidative Status, Histopathological Lesions, and Related Gene Expression in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet.
Nanjing, China. In Biol Trace Elem Res, 06 Dec 2015
Generally, adding P, SS, or SP up-regulated mRNA expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2), acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase II (ACAT2), acyl-coenzyme A oxidase (ACOX2), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and down-regulated mRNA expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP1) involved in lipid metabolism.
Exercise Training Improves Whole Body Insulin Resistance via Adiponectin Receptor 1.
Suwŏn, South Korea. In Int J Sports Med, 03 Dec 2015
HFD resulted in whole body insulin resistance, hypoadiponectinemia, suppressed expression of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1) and 2 (AdipoR2), suppressed expression of phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) and NAD-dependent deacetylase sirtuin-1 (SIRT1), and decreased mRNAs of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα), carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT1), and acyl CoA oxidase (ACO) in skeletal muscle.
Hypothalamic malonyl-CoA and the control of food intake.
Jupiter, United States. In Physiol Behav, 2013
Malonyl-CoA inhibits the acyltransferase activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1), and CPT-1 was considered as a downstream effector in hypothalamic malonyl-CoA effect on feeding.
Molecular mechanisms of hypolipidemic effects of curcumin.
Boston, United States. In Biofactors, 2013
At the molecular level, mounting experimental evidence suggests that curcumin may act chemically as scavenger of free radicals and/or influences signal transduction (e.g., Akt, AMPK) and modulates the activity of specific transcription factors (e.g., FOXO1/3a, NRF2, SREBP1/2, CREB, CREBH, PPARγ, and LXRα) that regulate the expression of genes involved in free radicals scavenging (e.g., catalase, MnSOD, and heme oxygenase-1) and lipid homeostasis (e.g., aP2/FABP4, CD36, HMG-CoA reductase, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-1)).
Hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism mediates the orexigenic action of ghrelin.
A Coruña, Spain. In Cell Metab, 2008
Here, we use pharmacological and genetic approaches to demonstrate that the physiological orexigenic response to ghrelin involves specific inhibition of fatty acid biosynthesis induced by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) resulting in decreased hypothalamic levels of malonyl-CoA and increased carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) activity.