Expression of lipid metabolism-related proteins in breast phyllodes tumors.
In Neoplasma, 17 Feb 2016
Immunohistochemical staining for lipid metabolism-related proteins, namely hormone-sensitive lipase (HSP), perilipin 2, fatty-acid-binding proteins 4 (FABP4), Carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1), acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (ACOX-1), and fatty acid synthase (FASN) was performed, and the immunohistochemical staining results were analyzed with respect to clinicopathologic parameters.
Adzuki bean ameliorates hepatic lipogenesis and proinflammatory mediator expression in mice fed a high-cholesterol and high-fat diet to induce nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Seoul, South Korea. In Nutr Res, 31 Jan 2016
The transcriptional factors of hepatic lipogenesis, such as adiponectin, AMP-activated protein kinase α, sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c, fatty acid synthase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase, and apolipoprotein B, as well as proinflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor α, nuclear factor κB, and caspase-3, improved in both experimental groups (P < .05).
Postnatal high-fat diet enhances ectopic fat deposition in pigs with intrauterine growth retardation.
China. In Eur J Nutr, 26 Jan 2016
RESULTS: Feeding a HFD to IUGR pigs but not to control pigs significantly increased daily weight gain, carcass fat mass, plasma leptin level and lipid content and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity and mRNA abundances of LPL and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in liver and SM, but decreased daily feed intake and mRNA expression of hormone-sensitive lipase (LIPE) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (CPT-1) in liver and SM (P < 0.05).
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1C: From cognition to cancer.
Madrid, Spain. In Prog Lipid Res, 18 Jan 2016
Although CPT1C exhibits high sequence similarity to CPT1A and CPT1B, it is specifically expressed in neurons (a cell-type that does not use fatty acids as fuel to any major extent), it is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum of cells, and it has minimal CPT1 catalytic activity with l-carnitine and acyl-CoA esters.
Hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism mediates the orexigenic action of ghrelin.
A Coruña, Spain. In Cell Metab, 2008
Here, we use pharmacological and genetic approaches to demonstrate that the physiological orexigenic response to ghrelin involves specific inhibition of fatty acid biosynthesis induced by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) resulting in decreased hypothalamic levels of malonyl-CoA and increased carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) activity.