Molecular mechanisms of hypolipidemic effects of curcumin.
Boston, United States. In Biofactors, Jan 2013
At the molecular level, mounting experimental evidence suggests that curcumin may act chemically as scavenger of free radicals and/or influences signal transduction (e.g., Akt, AMPK) and modulates the activity of specific transcription factors (e.g., FOXO1/3a, NRF2, SREBP1/2, CREB, CREBH, PPARγ, and LXRα) that regulate the expression of genes involved in free radicals scavenging (e.g., catalase, MnSOD, and heme oxygenase-1) and lipid homeostasis (e.g., aP2/FABP4, CD36, HMG-CoA reductase, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-1)).
Targeting myocardial metabolism for the treatment of stable angina.
Athens, Greece. In Curr Pharm Des, Dec 2012
Potential pharmacologic approaches should target i) the suppression of lipolysis and the plasma fatty acid levels and subsequent uptake and oxidation by the heart, ii) direct inhibition of the enzymes of fatty acid beta-oxidation, iii) inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl transferase- I (CPT-1).
MicroRNAs regulating lipid metabolism in atherogenesis.
New York City, United States. In Thromb Haemost, Apr 2012
By repressing a variety of genes involved in cholesterol export and fatty acid oxidation, including ABCA1, CROT, CPT1, HADHB and PRKAA1, miR-33a/b act in concert with their host genes to boost cellular sterol levels.
Hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism mediates the orexigenic action of ghrelin.
A Coruña, Spain. In Cell Metab, 2008
Here, we use pharmacological and genetic approaches to demonstrate that the physiological orexigenic response to ghrelin involves specific inhibition of fatty acid biosynthesis induced by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) resulting in decreased hypothalamic levels of malonyl-CoA and increased carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) activity.