Improved diagnosis of idiopathic giant cell myocarditis and cardiac sarcoidosis by myocardial gene expression profiling.
Berlin, Germany. In Eur Heart J, 24 Apr 2014
The expression levels of genes coding for cytokines or chemokines (CCL20, IFNB1, IL6, IL17D; P < 0.05), cellular receptors (ADIPOR2, CCR5, CCR6, TLR4, TLR8; P < 0.05), and proteins involved in the mitochondrial energy metabolism (CPT1, CYB, DHODH; P < 0.05) were deregulated in 2- to 300-fold, respectively.
Companion Animals Symposium: nutrigenomics: using gene expression and molecular biology data to understand pet obesity.
Urbana, United States. In J Anim Sci, Jun 2013
Diets including prebiotics, green tea extract, or increased concentrations of protein have been shown to modify the expression of several genes related to glucose and lipid metabolism in adipose [e.g., uncoupling protein-2, carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1, PPARα, lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and glucose transporter 4] and skeletal muscle (e.g., PPARα and LPL) tissues.
Molecular mechanisms of hypolipidemic effects of curcumin.
Boston, United States. In Biofactors, 2013
At the molecular level, mounting experimental evidence suggests that curcumin may act chemically as scavenger of free radicals and/or influences signal transduction (e.g., Akt, AMPK) and modulates the activity of specific transcription factors (e.g., FOXO1/3a, NRF2, SREBP1/2, CREB, CREBH, PPARγ, and LXRα) that regulate the expression of genes involved in free radicals scavenging (e.g., catalase, MnSOD, and heme oxygenase-1) and lipid homeostasis (e.g., aP2/FABP4, CD36, HMG-CoA reductase, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-1)).
Targeting myocardial metabolism for the treatment of stable angina.
Athens, Greece. In Curr Pharm Des, 2012
Potential pharmacologic approaches should target i) the suppression of lipolysis and the plasma fatty acid levels and subsequent uptake and oxidation by the heart, ii) direct inhibition of the enzymes of fatty acid beta-oxidation, iii) inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl transferase- I (CPT-1).
Hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism mediates the orexigenic action of ghrelin.
A Coruña, Spain. In Cell Metab, 2008
Here, we use pharmacological and genetic approaches to demonstrate that the physiological orexigenic response to ghrelin involves specific inhibition of fatty acid biosynthesis induced by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) resulting in decreased hypothalamic levels of malonyl-CoA and increased carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) activity.