Analysis of vitamin D metabolism gene expression in human bone: evidence for autocrine control of bone remodelling.
Adelaide, Australia. In J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, 31 Oct 2014
To examine relationships between CYP27B1 expression in bone and its potential function in vivo, we examined the expression of vitamin D metabolism genes (CYP27B1, CYP24A1, VDR) in human trabecular bone samples and compared them by linear regression analysis with the expression of osteoclast (TRAP, CA2, CATK, NFATC1), osteoblast (TNAP, COL1A1, OCN, MEPE, BRIL), osteocyte (DMP1, SOST, PHEX, MEPE, FGF23)-related gene markers, genes associated with osteoblast/osteocyte control of osteoclastogenesis (RANKL, M-CSF, OPG, IL-8, TWEAK) and transcription factors (NFATC1, RUNX2, OSX, MSX2, HIF1A).
Gibbon genome and the fast karyotype evolution of small apes.
Portland, United States. In Nature, 11 Oct 2014
Finally, we identify signatures of positive selection in genes important for forelimb development (TBX5) and connective tissues (COL1A1) that may have been involved in the adaptation of gibbons to their arboreal habitat.
Mouse models for the evaluation of osteocyte functions.
Nagasaki, Japan. In J Bone Metab, Feb 2014
Overexpression of Bcl-2 in osteoblasts using 2.3 kb collagen type I alpha1 (COL1A1) promoter causes osteocyte apoptosis due to the severe reduction in the number of osteocyte processes, resulting in the disruption of both intracellular and extracellular communication systems.
An introduction of genetics in otosclerosis: a systematic review.
Utrecht, Netherlands. In Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, Jan 2014
These high-quality studies show that otosclerosis in Japanese patients is not linked to the NOG gene and that a polymorphism in the Sp1 binding site located on the COL1A1 gene is associated with otosclerosis as well as OTSC1.