cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor
A model for cofactor use during HIV-1 reverse transcription and nuclear entry.
London, United Kingdom. In Curr Opin Virol, 2014
We present a model that may explain how the capsid protein has a fundamental role in the early part of the viral lifecycle by utilising cyclophilin A (CypA), cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor-6 (CPSF6), Nup358 and TNPO3 to orchestrate a coordinated process of DNA synthesis, capsid uncoating and integration targeting that evades innate responses and promotes integration into preferred areas of chromatin.
HIV-1 evades innate immune recognition through specific cofactor recruitment.
London, United Kingdom. In Nature, 2013
Here we show that HIV-1 capsid mutants N74D and P90A, which are impaired for interaction with cofactors cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor subunit 6 (CPSF6) and cyclophilins (Nup358 and CypA), respectively, cannot replicate in primary human monocyte-derived macrophages because they trigger innate sensors leading to nuclear translocation of NF-κB and IRF3, the production of soluble type 1 IFN and induction of an antiviral state.
The influenza virus NS1 protein as a therapeutic target.
Charlottesville, United States. In Antiviral Res, 2013
Cellular RNA processing is also targeted by NS1, through recognition of cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor 30 (CPSF30), leading to inhibition of IFN-β mRNA processing as well as that of other cellular mRNAs.
Structural biology of poly(A) site definition.
Burlington, United States. In Wiley Interdiscip Rev Rna, 2011
In mammalian cells, three well-studied sequence elements, UGUA, AAUAAA, and GU-rich, are recognized by three multisubunit factors: cleavage factor I(m) (CFI(m) ), cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF), and cleavage stimulation factor (CstF), respectively.
The hunt for the 3' endonuclease.
Chapel Hill, United States. In Wiley Interdiscip Rev Rna, 2010
Subsequent experimental studies supported the notion that CPSF-73 does function as the endonuclease in the formation of polyadenylated mRNAs, but some controversy still remains as a different cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF) subunit, CPSF-30, displays an endonuclease activity in vitro while recombinant CPSF-73 is inactive.
A candidate prostate cancer susceptibility gene at chromosome 17p.
Salt Lake City, United States. In Nat Genet, 2001
The gene product bears amino acid sequence similarity to two better understood protein families, namely the PSO2 (SNM1) DNA interstrand crosslink repair proteins and the 73-kD subunit of mRNA 3' end cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF73).