An improved terminology and classification of Bartter-like syndromes.
Marburg an der Lahn, Germany. In Nat Clin Pract Nephrol, 2008
These three subtypes can each be further subdivided according to the identity of the defective ion transporter or channel: the sodium-chloride cotransporter NCCT or the chloride channel ClC-Kb in distal convoluted tubule dysfunction; the sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter NKCC2 or the renal outer medullary potassium channel in loop dysfunction; and the chloride channels ClC-Ka and ClC-Kb or their beta-subunit Barttin in combined distal convoluted tubule and loop dysfunction.
Nijmegen, Netherlands. In Orphanet J Rare Dis, 2007
In a small minority of GS patients, mutations in the CLCNKB gene, encoding the chloride channel ClC-Kb have been identified.Diagnosis is based on the clinical symptoms and biochemical abnormalities (hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria).