Genetic polymorphisms associated with intervertebral disc degeneration.
New York City, United States. In Spine J, 2013
RESULTS: Genetic polymorphisms in 20 genes have been analyzed in association with DD, including vitamin D receptor, growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF5), aggrecan, collagen Types I, IX, and XI, fibronectin, hyaluronan and proteoglycan link protein 1 (HAPLN1), thrombospondin, cartilage intermediate layer protein (CILP), asporin, MMP1, 2, and 3, parkinson protein 2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (PARK2), proteosome subunit β type 9 (PSMB9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), and IL1α, IL1β, and IL6.
The genetics of intervertebral disc degeneration. Associated genes.
Boston, United States. In Joint Bone Spine, 2008
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There are a number of genes that have been associated with intervertebral disk degeneration in humans, including genes coding for collagen I, collagen IX (COL9A2 and COL9A3), collagen XI (COL11A2), IL-1, aggrecan, vitamin D receptor, MMP-3, and CILP.