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CD3e molecule, epsilon

CD3epsilon, CD3E
The protein encoded by this gene is the CD3-epsilon polypeptide, which together with CD3-gamma, -delta and -zeta, and the T-cell receptor alpha/beta and gamma/delta heterodimers, forms the T-cell receptor-CD3 complex. This complex plays an important role in coupling antigen recognition to several intracellular signal-transduction pathways. The genes encoding the epsilon, gamma and delta polypeptides are located in the same cluster on chromosome 11. The epsilon polypeptide plays an essential role in T-cell development. Defects in this gene cause immunodeficiency. This gene has also been linked to a susceptibility to type I diabetes in women. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: CD4, CAN, CD8, Interleukin-2, HAD
Papers using CD3epsilon antibodies
Requirement for the NF-κB Family Member RelA in the Development of Secondary Lymphoid Organs
Baltimore David et al., In The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1995
... 1 h at 37°C with one of the following primary reagents: anti-B220-biotin (1:100; RA3–6B2; BD PharMingen), anti-CD3e-biotin (1:50; 145–2C11; BD PharMingen), anti-CR-1-biotin (8C12; BD PharMingen), PNA-biotin (1:50; Vector Laboratories), MOMA-1 (1:10; Serotec), anti-CD45.2-biotin
Papers on CD3epsilon
Immunomodulatory potential of Rhein, an anthraquinone moiety of Cassia occidentalis seeds.
Das et al., Lucknow, India. In Toxicol Lett, 16 Feb 2016
Lymphocyte receptor expression analysis revealed that Rhein exposure significantly down regulate the expression of CD3e, CD4, CD8, CD28, CD69 molecules in T-cells.
Sodium benzoate, a food preservative, affects the functional and activation status of splenocytes at non cytotoxic dose.
Tripathi et al., Lucknow, India. In Food Chem Toxicol, 17 Jan 2016
SB did not affect the relative expression of CD3e or CD4 molecules following 72 h exposure, however, it downregulated the relative expression of CD8 co-receptor.
Approaching a diagnostic point-of-care test for pediatric tuberculosis through evaluation of immune biomarkers across the clinical disease spectrum.
Grewal et al., Drammen, Norway. In Sci Rep, 31 Dec 2015
We identified 12 biomarkers consistently associated with either clinical groups "upstream" towards culture-positive TB on the TB disease spectrum (CD14, FCGR1A, FPR1, MMP9, RAB24, SEC14L1, and TIMP2) or "downstream" towards a decreased likelihood of TB disease (BLR1, CD3E, CD8A, IL7R, and TGFBR2), suggesting a correlation with MTB-related pathology and high relevance to a future POC test for pediatric TB.
Somatic mutations and affinity maturation are impaired by excessive numbers of T follicular helper cells and restored by Treg cells or memory T cells.
Sallusto et al., Bellinzona, Switzerland. In Eur J Immunol, Nov 2015
We previously reported that Cd3e-deficient mice adoptively transferred with CD4(+) T cells generate high numbers of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, which go on to induce a strong B-cell and germinal center (GC) reaction.
Dynamics of Immune Cell Types Within the Macaque Corpus Luteum During the Menstrual Cycle: Role of Progesterone.
Hennebold et al., Portland, United States. In Biol Reprod, Nov 2015
Dispersed cells were incubated with fluorescently labeled antibodies specific for the immune cell surface proteins CD11b (neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages), CD14 (monocytes/macrophages), CD16 (natural killer [NK] cells), CD20 (B-lymphocytes), and CD3epsilon (T-lymphocytes) for analysis by flow cytometry.
T cell receptor signaling pathway is overexpressed in CD4(+) T cells from HAM/TSP individuals.
Kashima et al., Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. In Braz J Infect Dis, Nov 2015
Here we investigated the expression of genes associated to T cell activation CD3e molecule, epsilon (CD3ɛ), lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (LCK), vav 1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (VAV1), and zeta-chain (TCR) associated protein kinase 70kDa (ZAP70) on T lymphocytes of HTLV-1-infected individuals and compared to healthy uninfected individuals (CT).
Epigenetic profiling in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from Graves' disease patients reveals changes in genes associated with T cell receptor signaling.
Peterson et al., Tartu, Estonia. In J Autoimmun, Nov 2015
Among the hypermethylated CpG sites, we specifically found enrichment of genes involved in T cell signaling (CD247, LCK, ZAP70, CD3D, CD3E, CD3G, CTLA4 and CD8A) and decreased expression of CD3 gene family members.
Influenza Transmission in the Mother-Infant Dyad Leads to Severe Disease, Mammary Gland Infection, and Pathogenesis by Regulating Host Responses.
Kelvin et al., Toronto, Canada. In Plos Pathog, Oct 2015
Immune responses within the mammary gland were characterized by decreased lymphocyte-associated genes CD3e, IL2Ra, CD4 with IL1β upregulation.
Neuroimmune and Neuropathic Responses of Spinal Cord and Dorsal Root Ganglia in Middle Age.
Rebecchi et al., Stony Brook, United States. In Plos One, 2014
Results showed that CD2, CD3e, CD68, CD45, TNF-α, IL6, CCL2, ATF3 and TGFβ1 mRNA levels were substantially elevated in LSC from naïve middle-aged animals compared to young adults.
Genetic Polymorphisms in XRCC1, CD3EAP, PPP1R13L, XPB, XPC, and XPF and the Risk of Chronic Benzene Poisoning in a Chinese Occupational Population.
Lu et al., Shenyang, China. In Plos One, 2014
METHODS: Nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross-complementing 1), CD3EAP (CD3e molecule, epsilon associated protein), PPP1R13L (protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 13 like), XPB (Xeroderma pigmentosum group B), XPC (Xeroderma pigmentosum group C) and XPF (Xeroderma pigmentosum group F) were genotyped by the Snapshot and TaqMan-MGB® probe techniques, in a study involving 102 CBP patients and 204 controls.
Altered expression of the TCR signaling related genes CD3 and FcεRIγ in patients with aplastic anemia.
Li et al., Guangzhou, China. In J Hematol Oncol, 2011
Altered expression of the TCR signaling related genes CD3 and FcepsilonRIgamma in patients with aplastic anemia.
Change in expression pattern of TCR-CD3 complex in patients with multiple myeloma.
Schmidt et al., Guangzhou, China. In Hematology, 2011
Data show that the expression pattern of the four CD3 chains was epsilon>zeta>delta>gamma in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from MM, while a gamma>epsilon>zeta>delta expression pattern was found in healthy controls.
The expression pattern of CD3 chain genes in fetal/maternal interface.
Li et al., Guangzhou, China. In Hematology, 2011
Study characterized the expression pattern of CD3-gamma, -delta, -epsilon and -zeta chain genes from placenta, which contributes to further understanding of the features of T-cell immune status in placenta.
Tumor site immune markers associated with risk for subsequent basal cell carcinomas.
Kiecolt-Glaser et al., Columbus, United States. In Plos One, 2010
Results show that levels of CD3epsilon, CD25, CD68, and ICAM-1 mRNA in BCC biopsies may predict risk for new basal cell carcinomas.
Identification of the transgenic integration site in immunodeficient tgε26 human CD3ε transgenic mice.
Takahama et al., Tokushima, Japan. In Plos One, 2009
analysis of the transgenic integration site in immunodeficient tgepsilon26 human CD3epsilon transgenic mice
Regulation of T cell receptor activation by dynamic membrane binding of the CD3epsilon cytoplasmic tyrosine-based motif.
Wucherpfennig et al., Boston, United States. In Cell, 2008
Live-cell imaging studies showed a close interaction of the CD3epsilon cytoplasmic domain of the T cell receptor (TCR) with the plasma membrane through fluorescence resonance energy transfer between a C-terminal fluorescent protein and a membrane fluorophore.
A lysosomal protein negatively regulates surface T cell antigen receptor expression by promoting CD3zeta-chain degradation.
Wang et al., Yokohama, Japan. In Immunity, 2008
We demonstrate that the lysosomal protein LAPTM5 negatively regulated surface TCR expression by specifically interacting with the invariant signal-transducing CD3zeta chain and promoting its degradation without affecting other CD3 proteins, CD3epsilon, CD3delta, or CD3gamma.
The proline-rich sequence of CD3epsilon controls T cell antigen receptor expression on and signaling potency in preselection CD4+CD8+ thymocytes.
Malissen et al., Marseille, France. In Nat Immunol, 2008
Antigen recognition by T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) is thought to 'unmask' a proline-rich sequence (PRS) present in the CD3epsilon cytosolic segment, which allows it to trigger T cell activation.
Mechanistic basis of pre-T cell receptor-mediated autonomous signaling critical for thymocyte development.
Saito et al., Yokohama, Japan. In Nat Immunol, 2006
Dimerization but not raft localization of CD3epsilon was sufficient to simulate pre-TCR function and promote beta-selection.
Src-like adaptor protein regulates TCR expression on thymocytes by linking the ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl to the TCR complex.
Weiss et al., San Francisco, United States. In Nat Immunol, 2006
SLAP and c-Cbl were found to interact, and their expression together downregulated CD3epsilon.
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