Microarray studies on effects of Pneumocystis carinii infection on global gene expression in alveolar macrophages.
Kao-hsiung, Taiwan. In Bmc Microbiol, 2009
The top ten genes up-regulated by Pneumocystis infection were Cxcl10, Spp1, S100A9, Rsad2, S100A8, Nos2, RT1-Bb, Lcn2, RT1-Db1, and Srgn with fold changes ranging between 12.33 and 5.34; and the top ten down-regulated ones were Lgals1, Psat1, Tbc1d23, Gsta1, Car5b, Xrcc5, Pdlim1, Alcam, Cidea, and Pkib with fold changes ranging between -4.24 and -2.25.
Diuretics: from classical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors to novel applications of the sulfonamides.
Sesto Fiorentino, Italy. In Curr Pharm Des, 2007
Some low nanomolar (or even subnanomolar) inhibitors against such isoforms were recently detected, such as metholazone against CA VII, XII and XIII, chlorthalidone against CA VB, VII, IX, XII and XIII, indapamide against CA VII, IX, XII and XIII, furosemide against CA I, II and XIV, and bumethanide against CA IX and XII.
Carbonic anhydrases as targets for medicinal chemistry.
Sesto Fiorentino, Italy. In Bioorg Med Chem, 2007
Some of them are cytosolic (CA I, CA II, CA III, CA VII, CA XIII), others are membrane-bound (CA IV, CA IX, CA XII, CA XIV and CA XV), CA VA and CA VB are mitochondrial, and CA VI is secreted in saliva and milk.
Carbonic anhydrases as drug targets--an overview.
Sesto Fiorentino, Italy. In Curr Top Med Chem, 2006
Some of these isozymes are cytosolic (CA I, CA II, CA III, CA VII, CA XIII), others are membrane-bound (CA IV, CA IX, CA XII, CA XIV and CA XV), CA VA and CA VB are mitochondrial, and CA VI is secreted in saliva and milk.
Carbonic anhydrase isozymes in the human pancreas.
Kōchi, Japan. In Dig Liver Dis, 2001
These isozymes are classified as the CA family with various molecular structures and different subcellular localizations: cytoplasmic CA II, mitochondrial CA VB, secretory CA VI, membrane-bound CA IV, and transmembrane CA IX and XII.