GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for
proteins. Page last changed on 19 Aug 2016.
calpain-like protease, Calpain 7, PalBH, Capn7
Calpains are ubiquitous, well-conserved family of calcium-dependent, cysteine proteases. The calpain proteins are heterodimers consisting of an invariant small subunit and variable large subunits. The large subunit possesses a cysteine protease domain, and both subunits possess calcium-binding domains. Calpains have been implicated in neurodegenerative processes, as their activation can be triggered by calcium influx and oxidative stress. The function of the protein encoded by this gene is not known. An orthologue has been found in mouse but it seems to diverge from other family members. The mouse orthologue is thought to be calcium independent with protease activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Pérez Ishiwara et al., Mexico. In Exp Parasitol, Dec 2015
In this study, we evaluate the expression and activity of a specific dependent Ca(2+) protease, the calpain-like protease, by real-time quantitative PCR (RTq-PCR), Western blot assays and a enzymatic method during the induction of PCD by G418.
Calpain-7 is a mammalian ortholog of a fungal non-classical calpain named PalB, which is an intracellular cysteine protease and functions in fungal alkaline adaptation in association with the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) system.
Fungi and budding yeasts have calpain-like sequences that lack the PEF domain, and each protein (designated PalB and Rim13, respectively) is orthologous to human calpain-7, indicating that the calpain-7 orthologs are evolutionarily more conserved than classical calpains possessing PEF domains.
Yadav et al., Inch'ŏn, South Korea. In Appl Biochem Biotechnol, 2012
The sequence level homology was obtained among different groups of alkaline protease enzymes, viz alkaline serine protease, oryzin, calpain-like protease, serine protease, subtilisin-like alkaline proteases.
The human genome has 15 genes that encode a calpain-like protease domain, generating diverse calpain homologues that possess combinations of several functional domains such as Ca²(+)-binding domains and Zn-finger domains.