Sorimachi et al., Tokyo, Japan. In Plos Genet, 2010
Among the 15 mammalian calpains, calpain 8/nCL-2 and calpain 9/nCL-4 are predominantly expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and are restricted to the gastric surface mucus (pit) cells in the stomach.
The PEF domain of digestive tract-specific calpain 9 heterodimerized with the small subunit, and that of calpain 13, prevalent in lung and testis, was mainly found as a homodimer with a small amount of heterodimer.
Dhe-Paganon et al., Toronto, Canada. In J Mol Biol, 2007
Calpains have been implicated in multiple models of human disease; for instance, calpain 1 is activated in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease, and the digestive tract specific calpain 9 is down-regulated in gastric cancer cell lines.
Yao et al., Morgantown, United States. In Fish Physiol Biochem, 2006
Comparison of the novel protein with the ubiquitously expressed calpains and several mammalian tissue-specific calpains revealed that the novel calpain is an orthologue of the mammalian digestive tract specific calpain (calpain 9).